Weekly update - 1 June 2017

​Weekly Australian Climate,
Water and Agricultural Update

Key issues

  • During the week ending 31 May 2017 little to no rainfall was recorded across most of mainland Australia with the exception of north eastern New South Wales, southern Victoria, parts of eastern South Australia and most of Tasmania, where weekly rainfall totals exceeded 15 millimetres.
  • During the week ending 30 May 2017 maximum temperatures were close to average for much of the country while minimum temperatures were generally below average to average.
  • Rainfall for May 2017 was close to average across most of the country, with the exception of extremely high rainfall in parts of northern Queensland and below average rainfall in central and western Australia.
  • Autumn rainfall was above average to extremely high in eastern Australia, central Western Australia and parts of northern Australia. It was below average across much of western Western Australia, parts of southern South Australia, western Tasmania and central parts of Queensland and the Northern Territory.
  • The forecast for the next eight days indicates that little to no rainfall is expected across most of mainland Australia. A low pressure trough may bring showers to Tasmania and parts of eastern South Australia, Victoria and southern New South Wales.
  • Water storage levels in the Murray-Darling Basin (MDB) increased by 70 gigalitres (GL) during the week ending 1 June 2017 to 15,351 GL and are at 68 per cent of total capacity.
  • Water market prices remained low in the week to 1 June 2017. Trade in the NSW southern connected system closed on 31 May.
  • Domestic goat prices reached a new high in May driven by strong US demand.
  • Demand for beef in Indonesia is expected remain strong through Ramadan, providing support for beef prices.
  • Sugar production in Brazil increased sharply putting downward pressure on world prices.

Climate

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Rainfall this week

During the week ending 31 May 2017 little to no rainfall was recorded across most of mainland Australia. In southern Australia a series of cold fronts and an associated low pressure system in the Southern Ocean produced rainfall in southern Victoria, parts of eastern South Australia and most of Tasmania, with weekly rainfall totals exceeding 15 millimetres. Similar totals were recorded in north-eastern New South Wales. The highest recorded weekly total was 120 millimetres at Mount Read in western Tasmania.

The rainfall analyses and associated maps utilise data contained in the Bureau of Meteorology climate database, the Australian Data Archive for Meteorology (ADAM). The analyses are initially produced automatically from real-time data with limited quality control. They are intended to provide a general overview of rainfall across Australia as quickly as possible after the observations are received.

For further information go to Weekly Rainfall Update

Rainfall - week ending 31 May 2017

Map showing weekly rainfall totals in Australia. Image provided by the Bureau of Meteorology. Please refer to accompanying text for a more detailed description. 

©Commonwealth of Australia 2017, Australian Bureau of Meteorology - Issued: 31/05/2017

Temperature anomalies this week

During the week ending 30 May 2017 maximum temperatures were generally average across much of the country. Isolated parts of south-eastern New South Wales and north-eastern Victoria recorded maximum temperatures between 2°C and 4°C below average. Minimum temperatures were below average to average for most of Australia, with parts of central and northern Western Australia recording minimum temperatures between 4°C and 6°C below average for this time of year.

Maximum temperature anomalies - week ending 30 May 2017

Map showing maximum temperature anomalies in Australia. Image provided by the Bureau of Meteorology. Please refer to accompanying text for a more detailed description. 

©Commonwealth of Australia 2017, Australian Bureau of Meteorology - Issued: 30/05/2017

Minimum temperature anomalies - week ending 30 May 2017

Map showing minimum temperature anomalies in Australia. Image provided by the Bureau of Meteorology. Please refer to accompanying text for a more detailed description.] 

©Commonwealth of Australia 2017, Australian Bureau of Meteorology - Issued: 30/05/2017

Note: Spatial temperature analyses are based on historical weekly temperature data provided by the Bureau of Meteorology. These temperature anomaly maps show the departure of the maximum and minimum temperatures from their long-term averages. Temperature anomalies are calculated using high-resolution gridded datasets from 1911 onwards. For further information go to Daily maximum temperature for Australia.

Monthy rainfall

Rainfall for May 2017 was generally close to average across most of the country, with the exception of extremely high rainfall in parts of northern Queensland and below average rainfall in Western Australia. Isolated areas of extremely low rainfall were recorded in isolated parts of all states and territories except Tasmania. In cropping regions, May rainfall was close to average with parts of South Australia and most of Western Australia the exception, where rainfall was well below average to extremely low.

Rainfall percentiles for May 2017

Map showing rainfall percentiles for May 2017. Please refer to accompanying text for a more detailed description. 

Source: Bureau of Meteorology

Note: Spatial rainfall percentile analyses are based on historical monthly rainfall data provided by the Bureau of Meteorology. These rainfall percentile maps show how rainfall recorded during that given time period compared with the rainfall recorded for that same period during the entire historical record (1900 to present). Rainfall percentiles are a way of providing an indication of the spread of data in a data set. To calculate percentiles, the entire rainfall record at a certain point is divided into one hundred equal parts. The 5th percentile for May 2017 means that only five per cent of all Mays in the historical record have recorded a rainfall total that is at or below the rainfall recorded during May 2017. Dark blue areas on the maps are those areas that were wetter than the same time of year during the entire historical record, and dark red areas are drier. For further information, go to Australian Water Availability Project

Rainfall for autumn 2017 (1 March to 31 May) was above average to extremely high in eastern Queensland, eastern New South Wales, western Victoria, central South Australia and central Western Australia. It was also above average across the Top End of the Northern Territory. In contrast, it was below average across much of western Western Australia, southern South Australia, western Tasmania and central parts of Queensland and the Northern Territory.

In cropping regions, autumn rainfall was average to above average in New South Wales, Queensland and Victoria, variable in South Australia and below average in Western Australia.

Rainfall percentiles for autumn 2017 (1 March to 31 March)

Map showing chance of exceeding the median rainfall. Image provided by the Bureau of Meteorology. Please refer to accompanying text for a more detailed description. 

Source: Bureau of Meteorology

Note: Spatial rainfall percentile analyses are based on historical monthly rainfall data provided by the Bureau of Meteorology. These rainfall percentile maps show how rainfall recorded during that given time period compared with the rainfall recorded for that same period during the entire historical record (1900 to present). Rainfall percentiles are a way of providing an indication of the spread of data in a data set. To calculate percentiles, the entire rainfall record at a certain point is divided into one hundred equal parts. The 5th percentile for autumn 2017 means that only five per cent of all autumns in the historical record have recorded a rainfall total that is at or below the rainfall recorded during autumn 2017. Dark blue areas on the maps are those areas that were wetter than the same time of year during the entire historical record, and dark red areas are drier. For further information, go to Australian Water Availability Project

Rainfall forecast for the next 8 days

The forecast for the next eight days indicates that little to no rainfall is expected across most of mainland Australia. A low pressure trough may bring showers to Tasmania and parts of eastern South Australia, Victoria and southern New South Wales.

This rainfall forecast is produced from computer models. As it contains no input from weather forecasters, it is important to check local forecasts and warnings issued by the Bureau of Meteorology.

Total forecast rainfall (mm) for the period 1 to 8 June 2017

Map of the total forecast rainfall for the next 8 days. Image provided by the Bureau of Meteorology. Please refer to accompanying text for a more detailed description. 

©Commonwealth of Australia 2017, Australian Bureau of Meteorology - Issued: 1/06/2017

Water

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Water availability

Water storage levels in the Murray–Darling Basin (MDB) increased during the week ending 1 June 2017 by 70 gigalitres (GL) to 15,351 GL and are at 68 per cent of total capacity. This is 36 percentage points or 8,165 GL more than at the same time last year.

Water storages in the Murray-Darling Basin (NSW, Victoria and Queensland)

Line graph showing water storages in the Murray–Darling Basin (NSW, Victoria and Queensland) from 2000 to 2017, measured as a percentage of the total storage of 22,598 gigalitres. 

Information on irrigation water available in the Murray–Darling Basin from 1 January 2001 to 1 June 2017 is shown above. The top horizontal (short dash) line indicates the storage level during a similar time last year. The bottom horizontal (long dash) line indicates the amount of ‘dead’ or unusable storage.

Water storages

Changes in regional water storage for May 2017 and the previous 12 months are summarised in the table and graph below (current at 1 June 2017).

Region

Total capacity

Current volume

Current volume

Monthly change

Monthly change

Annual change

(GL)

(GL)

(%)

(GL)

(%)

(GL)

Murray-Darling Basin (MDB)

22559

15351

68

20

0

8165

Murray-Darling Basin Authority (MDBA)

9352

5892

60

175

2

3317

Queensland MDB

186

171

92

-7

-4

71

Central Queensland

3154

2843

90

51

2

241

South-east Queensland

3517

2372

68

-25

-1

150

New South Wales MDB

13884

9045

65

254

2

5265

Coastal New South Wales

1074

938

87

-15

-1

49

Victoria MDB

8488

6136

72

-15

0

2829

Water storages in the Murray-Darling Basin by state (NSW, Victoria and Queensland)

Line graph showing water storages in the Murray–Darling Basin by state (NSW, Victoria and Queensland) from 2002 to 2017, measured as gigalitres (total storage of 22,598 gigalitres.) 

Water markets

Allocation prices in the southern Murray-Darling Basin remained low in the week up to 1 June 2017 in most systems. Average prices across the whole southern system fell to $16.49. This is a decrease of $3.19 or 16 per cent from the same time last week. This contrasts with an average price of $22.74 in May across the whole southern MDB.

Victorian trade closed 30 May 2017. Online services will resume Monday 10 July 2017 for the 2017/18 water year.

Allocation trade activity in the southern Murray-Darling Basin

Allocation trade activity in the southern Murray-Darling Basin. The trades shown reflect market activity and do not encompass all register trades. The price line reflects locally fitted price values for the entire southern Murray-Darling Basin. Data shown is current until Thursday 1 June, 2017. 

The trades shown reflect market activity and do not encompass all register trades. The price line reflects locally fitted price values for the entire southern Murray-Darling Basin. Data shown is current until Thursday 1 June, 2017.

Allocation trade prices, southern Murray-Darling Basin (price per ML)

Southern MDB

Goulburn

South Australia

Murrumbidgee

Victoria Murray

NSW Murray

Current week: 26/05/17 - 01/06/17

$16.49

$25.20

$25.39

$4.74

$25.43

$16.71

Last week: 19/05/17 - 25/05/17

$19.68

$23.47

$26.29

$5.07

$25.42

$18.94

May 2017

$22.74

$28.02

$29.95

$5.51

$27.73

$23.74

May 2016

$233.65

$251.07

$253.97

$190.14

$249.59

$220.62

Commodities

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Market focus

Goat prices

The Eastern States goat indicator price has reached a new high in May, averaging 657 cents a kilogram. This is a 7 per cent price increase on January 2017 and a 20 per cent increase on May last year. This reflects strong demand in Australian’s largest goat meat export market, the United States. Between July 2016 and April 2017 goat meat exports to the United States were 940 tonnes higher than for the same period in 2015–16.

Indonesian beef prices

Retail beef prices in Indonesia have averaged around 114,452 Rupiah a kilogram in the 11 months leading up to Ramadan in 2016–17, 4 per cent higher than the same period of 2015–16. In the first week of Ramadan 2016–17, Indonesian beef prices increased to an average of 116,224 cents a kilogram. This is less than 1 per cent above the 115,283 Rupiah a kilogram averaged during Ramadan in 2015–16.

Sugar prices

World sugar prices averaged US15.2 cents a pound in the week ending 31 May 2017, 6 per cent lower than the previous week. This reflects a sharp increase in Brazilian sugar production. In the fortnight to 16 May 2017 sugar production in Brazil’s South-Central region (which produces around 90 per cent of the country’s sugar), reached 3.9 million tonnes, more than double the previous fortnight.

Line graph showing Indonesian beef prices in the 12 months to Ramadan. Please refer to accompanying text for more information.
Source: Indonesian Ministry of Trade – national price table

Current indicators – 1 June 2017

IndicatorWeek endedUnitLatest pricePrice week priorWeekly changePrice 12 months priorYear on year changeChart

Selected world indicator prices

Australian Dollar – AUD/USD Exchange Rate31-MayUS$/A$0.740.75-1%This is an image of a white arrow in a red circle indicating a decrease in percentage points.0.723%This is an image of an white arrow in a green circle indicating an increase in percentage points.chart
Wheat – US no. 2 hard red winter wheat, fob Gulf30-MayUS$/t2022001%This is an image of an white arrow in a green circle indicating an increase in percentage points.1973%This is an image of an white arrow in a green circle indicating an increase in percentage points.chart
Coarse Grains – US no. 2 yellow corn, fob Gulf31-MayUS$/t159160<1%This is an image of a white arrow in a red circle indicating a decrease in percentage points.174-9%This is an image of a white arrow in a red circle indicating a decrease in percentage points.chart
Canola – Rapeseed, Europe, fob Hamburg30-MayUS$/t424431-2%This is an image of a white arrow in a red circle indicating a decrease in percentage points.420<1%This is an image of an white arrow in a green circle indicating an increase in percentage points.chart
Cotton – Cotlook 'A' Index31-MayUSc/lb87.288.5-1%This is an image of a white arrow in a red circle indicating a decrease in percentage points.72.520%This is an image of an white arrow in a green circle indicating an increase in percentage points.chart
Sugar – Intercontinental Exchange, nearby futures, no.11 contract31-MayUSc/lb15.216.1-6%This is an image of a white arrow in a red circle indicating a decrease in percentage points.17.5-13%This is an image of a white arrow in a red circle indicating a decrease in percentage points.chart
Wool – Eastern Market Indicator25-MayAc/kg clean1,4951,522-2%This is an image of a white arrow in a red circle indicating a decrease in percentage points.1,29715%This is an image of an white arrow in a green circle indicating an increase in percentage points.chart
Wool – Western Market Indicator26-MayAc/kg clean1,5201,535<1%This is an image of a white arrow in a red circle indicating a decrease in percentage points.1,37511%This is an image of an white arrow in a green circle indicating an increase in percentage points.chart

Selected domestic crop indicator prices

Milling Wheat – ASW1, track quote, Port Adelaide, SA30-MayA$/t1981942%This is an image of an white arrow in a green circle indicating an increase in percentage points.256-23%This is an image of a white arrow in a red circle indicating a decrease in percentage points.chart
Feed Wheat – General purpose, Sydney, NSW31-MayA$/t2352350%265-11%This is an image of a white arrow in a red circle indicating a decrease in percentage points.chart
Feed Barley – Sydney, NSW25-MayA$/t2142111%This is an image of an white arrow in a green circle indicating an increase in percentage points.229-7%This is an image of a white arrow in a red circle indicating a decrease in percentage points.chart
Canola – Portland, Vic.29-MayA$/t510520-2%This is an image of a white arrow in a red circle indicating a decrease in percentage points.550-7%This is an image of a white arrow in a red circle indicating a decrease in percentage points.chart
Grain Sorghum – Sydney, NSW31-MayA$/t272270<1%This is an image of an white arrow in a green circle indicating an increase in percentage points.2538%This is an image of an white arrow in a green circle indicating an increase in percentage points.chart

Selected domestic livestock indicator prices

Beef – Eastern Young Cattle Indicator25-MayAc/kg cwt652652<1%This is an image of an white arrow in a green circle indicating an increase in percentage points.57014%This is an image of an white arrow in a green circle indicating an increase in percentage points.chart
Mutton – Mutton indicator (18-24 kg fat score 2-3), Vic26-MayAc/kg cwt5505301%This is an image of an white arrow in a green circle indicating an increase in percentage points.36152%This is an image of an white arrow in a green circle indicating an increase in percentage points.chart
Lamb – Eastern States Trade Lamb Indicator25-MayAc/kg cwt6636412%This is an image of an white arrow in a green circle indicating an increase in percentage points.58613%This is an image of an white arrow in a green circle indicating an increase in percentage points.chart
Pig – Eastern Seaboard (60.1-75 kg), average of buyers & sellers19-MayAc/kg cwt297300-2%This is an image of a white arrow in a red circle indicating a decrease in percentage points.385-23%This is an image of a white arrow in a red circle indicating a decrease in percentage points.chart
Goat – Eastern States (12.1-16 kg)29-MayAc/kg cwt6566560%55019%This is an image of an white arrow in a green circle indicating an increase in percentage points.chart
Live cattle – Light steers ex Darwin to Indonesia20-MayAc/kg lwt3203300%28014%This is an image of an white arrow in a green circle indicating an increase in percentage points.chart
Live sheep – Live wether (Muchea WA saleyard) to Middle East22-May$/head116110-7%This is an image of a white arrow in a red circle indicating a decrease in percentage points.108nachart

Global Dairy Trade weighted average pricesa

Dairy – Whole milk powder16-MayUS$/t3,3123,2332%This is an image of an white arrow in a green circle indicating an increase in percentage points.2,25247%This is an image of an white arrow in a green circle indicating an increase in percentage points.chart
Dairy – Skim milk powder16-MayUS$/t1,9981,982<1%This is an image of an white arrow in a green circle indicating an increase in percentage points.1,65821%This is an image of an white arrow in a green circle indicating an increase in percentage points.chart
Dairy – Cheddar cheese16-MayUS$/t3,7263,6662%This is an image of an white arrow in a green circle indicating an increase in percentage points.2,69338%This is an image of an white arrow in a green circle indicating an increase in percentage points.chart
Dairy – Anhydrous milk fat16-MayUS$/t6,6316,1857%This is an image of an white arrow in a green circle indicating an increase in percentage points.3,34099%This is an image of an white arrow in a green circle indicating an increase in percentage points.chart

a Global Dairy Trade prices are updated twice monthly on the first and third Tuesday of each month.

Movements in selected fruit and vegetable prices
Data attribution

Last reviewed:
01 Jun 2017