Weekly update - 8 February 2018

​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​Weekly Australian Climate,
Water and Agricultural Update

Key issues

  • During the week ending 7 February 2018 rainfall was recorded across much of northern, western and central Australia and Tasmania. A series of low pressure systems and troughs brought heavy rainfall northern and eastern Queensland, areas of the Northern Territory and the Kimberley region of Western Australia, with isolated totals exceeding 50 millimetres.
  • Maximum and minimum temperatures were 2°C to 6°C below average across large areas of western, central and eastern Australia during the week ending 6 February 2018, with the highest anomalies (6°C to 10°C) recorded in central Western Australia.
  • Rainfall in January 2018 was generally well above average in western and northern parts of the country and well below average across eastern parts. Severely deficient to below average rainfall was recorded throughout most of Queensland, north-eastern New South Wales, western Victoria and western Tasmania.
  • Following heavy rainfall associated with the passage of tropical cyclone Joyce, rainfall deficiencies have been alleviated across much of Western Australia. Meanwhile, below average rainfall for eastern Australia during January has exacerbated deficiencies in Queensland and on the east coast of New South Wales. Compared to the previous Drought Statement, deficiencies have increased in inland and western Queensland, and on the east coast of New South Wales between the Manning and Illawarra districts for the 10-month period 1 April to 31 January 2018.
  • Rainfall is expected mainly in northern, western and eastern coast of Australia and Tasmania, during the next eight days.
  • Water storage levels in the Murray-Darling Basin (MDB) decreased during the week ending 8 February 2018 by 326 gigalitres (GL) to 13,391 GL and are at 59 per cent of total capacity. This is 17 percentage points or 3,880 GL less than at the same time last year.
  • Allocation prices in the southern Murray-Darling Basin increased slightly in the week ending 8 February 2018 to $109 per ML.

Climate

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Rainfall this week

During the week ending 7 February 2018 rainfall was recorded across much of northern, western and central Australia and Tasmania. A series of low pressure systems and troughs brought heavy rainfall northern and eastern Queensland, areas of the Northern Territory and the Kimberley region of Western Australia, with isolated totals exceeding 50 millimetres. Isolated rainfall totals exceeding 25 millimetres were recorded in areas of north east New South Wales, central Western Australia and western South Australia. The highest recorded weekly total was 504 millimetres at south of Cairns in north Queensland.

Rainfall - week ending 7 February 2018

Map showing weekly rainfall totals in Australia. Image provided by the Bureau of Meteorology. Please refer to accompanying text for a more detailed description.  

©Commonwealth of Australia 2018, Australian Bureau of Meteorology - Issued: 7/02/2018

Note: The rainfall analyses and associated maps utilise data contained in the Bureau of Meteorology climate database, the Australian Data Archive for Meteorology (ADAM). The analyses are initially produced automatically from real-time data with limited quality control. They are intended to provide a general overview of rainfall across Australia as quickly as possible after the observations are received. For further information go to Weekly Rainfall Update.

Temperature anomalies this week

For the week ending 6 February 2018, maximum and minimum temperatures were 2°C to 6°C below average across large areas of western, central and eastern Australia, with the highest anomalies (6°C to 10°C) recorded in central Western Australia. The remainder of Australia recorded generally average maximum and minimum temperatures.

Maximum temperature anomalies - week ending 6 February 2018

Map showing maximum temperature anomalies in Australia. Image provided by the Bureau of Meteorology. Please refer to accompanying text for a more detailed description. 

©Commonwealth of Australia 2018, Australian Bureau of Meteorology - Issued: 6/02/2018

Minimum temperature anomalies - week ending 6 February 2018

Map showing minimum temperature anomalies in Australia. Image provided by the Bureau of Meteorology. Please refer to accompanying text for a more detailed description.] 

©Commonwealth of Australia 2018, Australian Bureau of Meteorology - Issued: 6/02/2018

Note: Spatial temperature analyses are based on historical weekly temperature data provided by the Bureau of Meteorology. These temperature anomaly maps show the departure of the maximum and minimum temperatures from their long-term averages. Temperature anomalies are calculated using high-resolution gridded datasets from 1911 onwards. For further information go to Daily maximum temperature for Australia.

Monthly rainfall

Rainfall in January 2018 was generally well above average in western and northern parts of the country and well below average across eastern parts. Severely deficient to below average rainfall was recorded throughout most of Queensland, north-eastern New South Wales, western Victoria and western Tasmania. Meanwhile, above average to extremely high rainfall was recorded across western South Australia, much of Western Australia and northern parts of the Northern Territory. Much of the rainfall in Western Australia was associated with tropical cyclone Joyce, which made landfall in early January 2018. The system weakened to a tropical low and brought heavy rainfall from north-western to south-western Australia.

January rainfall in cropping regions was generally below average in Queensland, northern New South Wales, western Victoria and eastern South Australia, and above average in Western Australia.

Rainfall percentiles for January 2018

 

Source: Bureau of Meteorology
Note: Rainfall for January 2018 is compared with rainfall recorded for that period during the historical record (1900 to present). For further information, go to Australian Water Availability Project

Rainfall deficiencies

Following heavy rainfall associated with the passage of tropical cyclone Joyce, rainfall deficiencies have been alleviated across much of Western Australia, although deficiencies persist along the coast of the Pilbara and Gascoyne between about Karratha and Geraldton at the ten month timescale (April 2017 to January 2018).

Meanwhile, below average rainfall for eastern Australia during January has exacerbated deficiencies in Queensland and on the east coast of New South Wales. Compared to the previous Drought Statement, deficiencies have increased in inland and western Queensland, and on the east coast of New South Wales between the Manning and Illawarra districts.

In general, after a very wet start to the northern wet season in October, the remainder of the wet season to date (November 2017 to January 2018) has seen below average rainfall across large parts of Queensland.

Serious or severe rainfall deficiencies are in place across large areas of western to central inland Queensland and a large area of eastern New South Wales between the Illawarra and the southern end of the Northwest Slopes District, reaching to the area around Tamworth in the north and around Dubbo in the west (Bureau of Meteorology ‘Drought Statement’, 7 February 2018).

Rainfall deficiencies for the 10 month period 1 April to 31 January 2018

 

Source: ©Commonwealth of Australia 2018, Australian Bureau of Meteorology - Issued: 05/02/2018

Rainfall forecast for the next 8 days

Rainfall is expected mainly in northern, western and eastern coast of Australia and Tasmania, during the next eight days. A series of low pressure systems and troughs around northern Australia are forecast to bring rainfall totals of between 10 and 100 millimetres to Far North Queensland, the Top End of the Northern Territory, and northern and central Western Australia. Similar totals are expected in western Tasmania.

This rainfall forecast is produced from computer models. As it contains no input from weather forecasters, it is important to check local forecasts and warnings issued by the Bureau of Meteorology.

Total forecast rainfall (mm) for the period 8 to 15 February 2018

Map of the total forecast rainfall for the next 8 days. Image provided by the Bureau of Meteorology. Please refer to accompanying text for a more detailed description. 

Source: ©Commonwealth of Australia 2018, Australian Bureau of Meteorology - Issued: 8/02/2018

Water

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Water availability

Water storage levels in the Murray–Darling Basin (MDB) decreased during the week ending 8 February 2018 by 326 gigalitres (GL) to 13,391 GL and are at 59 per cent of total capacity. This is 17 percentage points or 3,880 GL less than at the same time last year.

Visit the interactive Tableau data dashboard

Water storages in the Murray-Darling Basin (NSW, Victoria and Queensland)

Line graph showing water storages in the Murray–Darling Basin (NSW, Victoria and Queensland) from 2001 to 2018, measured as a percentage of the total storage of 22,598 gigalitres. 

Information on water available in dams used for irrigation the Murray–Darling Basin from 1 January 2001 to 8 February 2018 is shown above. The top horizontal (short dash) line indicates the storage level during a similar time last year. The bottom horizontal (long dash) line indicates the amount of ‘dead’ or unusable storage.

Water allocations

On 7 February 2018 NSW Department of Primary Industries – Water announced allocation increases of:

  • 0.19 per cent for NSW Gwydir general security to 17.59 per cent

The current water allocations for the 2017–18 water trading season for licence holders in New South Wales, Victoria and South Australia water systems are summarised in the following table and charts.

Water allocations in the Murray–Darling Basin (NSW, Victoria and South Australia)

Allocations at

8 February 2018

1 February 2018

New South Wales

General security

High security

General security

High security

NSW Murray

49%

97%

49%

97%

NSW Murrumbidgee

33%

95%

33%

95%

NSW Lower Darling

100%

100%

100%

100%

NSW Macquarie and Cudgegong

38%

100%

38%

100%

NSW Hunter

100%

100%

100%

100%

NSW Lachlan

2%

100%

2%

100%

NSW Lower Namoi

7%

100%

7%

100%

NSW Upper Namoi

100%

100%

100%

100%

NSW Gwydir

18%

100%

17%

100%

NSW Border Rivers

100%(a)/19.62%(b)

100%

100%(a)/19.62%(b)

100%

NSW Peel

100%

100%

100%

100%

Victoria

Low reliability

High reliability

Low reliability

High reliability

Victoria Murray

0%

100%

0%

100%

Victoria Goulburn

0%

100%

0%

100%

Victoria Campaspe

52%

100%

52%

100%

Victoria Loddon

0%

100%

0%

100%

Victoria Bullarook

100%

100%

100%

100%

Victoria Broken

100%

100%

100%

100%

South Australia

 

Class 3a/3b

 

Class 3a/3b

South Australia Murray

 

100%

 

100%

Select water allocation percentages in the southern Murray-Darling Basin

 

 

 

 

Water markets

Allocation prices in the southern Murray–Darling Basin increased slightly in the week ending 8 February 2018 to $109 per ML. This contrasts with an average price of $104 in January across the whole southern MDB, and $70 during the same time last year.

Allocation trade activity in the southern Murray–Darling Basin

Allocation trade activity in the southern Murray-Darling Basin. The trades shown reflect market activity and do not encompass all register trades. The price line reflects locally fitted price values for the entire southern Murray-Darling Basin.  

The trades shown reflect estimated market activity and do not encompass all register trades. The price line reflects locally fitted price values for the entire southern Murray–Darling Basin. Data shown is current until 8 February 2018. Trade activity is shown as colour density.

Allocation trade prices, southern Murray–Darling Basin trade zones

 

Southern MDB

Victoria Goulburn

SA Murray

NSW Murrumbidgee

Victoria Murray

NSW Murray

Current week: 02/02/18 – 08/02/18

$107.20

$80.08

$138.87

$124.52

$111.51

$109.06

Last week: 26/01/18 – 01/02/18

$109.12

$81.66

$110.27

$123.24

$111.54

$114.15

January 2018

$104.13

$80.07

$108.62

$123.29

$111.81

$110.82

January 2017

$69.64

$66.99

$117.20

$40.38

$70.26

$71.53

Commodities

Current indicators – 8 February 2018

IndicatorWeek endedUnitLatest pricePrice week priorWeekly changePrice 12 months priorYear on year changeChart

Selected world indicator prices

Australian Dollar – AUD/USD Exchange Rate07-FebUS$/A$0.790.81-2%This is an image of a white arrow in a red circle indicating a decrease in percentage points.0.773%This is an image of an white arrow in a green circle indicating an increase in percentage points. chart
Wheat – US no. 2 hard red winter wheat, fob Gulf06-FebUS$/t2362322%This is an image of an white arrow in a green circle indicating an increase in percentage points.20615%This is an image of an white arrow in a green circle indicating an increase in percentage points. chart
Coarse Grains – US no. 2 yellow corn, fob Gulf07-FebUS$/t1611591%This is an image of an white arrow in a green circle indicating an increase in percentage points.162<1%This is an image of a white arrow in a red circle indicating a decrease in percentage points. chart
Canola – Rapeseed, Europe, fob Hamburga06-FebUS$/t426432-1%This is an image of a white arrow in a red circle indicating a decrease in percentage points.453-6%This is an image of a white arrow in a red circle indicating a decrease in percentage points. chart
Cotton – Cotlook 'A' Index07-FebUSc/lb88.191.3-4% This is an image of a white arrow in a red circle indicating a decrease in percentage points.85.73%This is an image of an white arrow in a green circle indicating an increase in percentage points. chart
Sugar – Intercontinental Exchange, nearby futures, no.11 contract07-FebUSc/lb13.713.42%This is an image of an white arrow in a green circle indicating an increase in percentage points.20.9-34%This is an image of a white arrow in a red circle indicating a decrease in percentage points. chart
Wool – Eastern Market Indicator01-FebAc/kg clean1,7381,744<1%This is an image of a white arrow in a red circle indicating a decrease in percentage points.1,42222%This is an image of an white arrow in a green circle indicating an increase in percentage points. chart
Wool – Western Market Indicator02-FebAc/kg clean1,8191,821<1%This is an image of a white arrow in a red circle indicating a decrease in percentage points.1,45625%This is an image of an white arrow in a green circle indicating an increase in percentage points. chart

Selected domestic crop indicator prices

Milling Wheat – ASW1, track quote, Port Adelaide, SA06-FebA$/t2272270%17828%This is an image of an white arrow in a green circle indicating an increase in percentage points. chart
Feed Wheat – General purpose, Sydney, NSW07-FebA$/t254253<1%This is an image of an white arrow in a green circle indicating an increase in percentage points.20425%This is an image of an white arrow in a green circle indicating an increase in percentage points. chart
Feed Barley – Sydney, NSW07-FebA$/t2622620%18343%This is an image of an white arrow in a green circle indicating an increase in percentage points. chart
Canola – Portland, Vic.05-FebA$/t4874782%This is an image of an white arrow in a green circle indicating an increase in percentage points.524-7%This is an image of a white arrow in a red circle indicating a decrease in percentage points. chart
Grain Sorghum – Sydney, NSW07-FebA$/t2852850%23919%This is an image of an white arrow in a green circle indicating an increase in percentage points. chart

Selected domestic livestock indicator prices

Beef – Eastern Young Cattle Indicator08-FebAc/kg cwt538533<1%This is an image of an white arrow in a green circle indicating an increase in percentage points.640-16%This is an image of a white arrow in a red circle indicating a decrease in percentage points. chart
Mutton – Mutton indicator (18-24 kg fat score 2-3), Vic02-FebAc/kg cwt4033991%This is an image of an white arrow in a green circle indicating an increase in percentage points.450-10%This is an image of a white arrow in a red circle indicating a decrease in percentage points. chart
Lamb – Eastern States Trade Lamb Indicator08-FebAc/kg cwt634637<1%This is an image of a white arrow in a red circle indicating a decrease in percentage points.6183%This is an image of an white arrow in a green circle indicating an increase in percentage points. chart
Pig – Eastern Seaboard (60.1-75 kg), average of buyers & sellers26-JanAc/kg cwt2772741%This is an image of an white arrow in a green circle indicating an increase in percentage points.370-25%This is an image of a white arrow in a red circle indicating a decrease in percentage points. chart
Goat – Eastern States (12.1-16 kg)05-FebAc/kg cwt478483-1%This is an image of a white arrow in a red circle indicating a decrease in percentage points.640-25%This is an image of a white arrow in a red circle indicating a decrease in percentage points. chart
Live cattle – Light steers ex Darwin to Indonesia03-FebAc/kg lwt3203200%375-15%This is an image of a white arrow in a red circle indicating a decrease in percentage points. chart
Live sheep – Live wether (Muchea WA saleyard) to Middle East05-Feb$/head1221147%This is an image of an white arrow in a green circle indicating an increase in percentage points.1138%This is an image of an white arrow in a green circle indicating an increase in percentage points. chart

Global Dairy Trade weighted average pricesa

Dairy – Whole milk powder06-FebUS$/t3,2263,0107%This is an image of an white arrow in a green circle indicating an increase in percentage points.3,314-3%This is an image of a white arrow in a red circle indicating a decrease in percentage points. chart
Dairy – Skim milk powder06-FebUS$/t1,9321,8186%This is an image of an white arrow in a green circle indicating an increase in percentage points.2,608-26%This is an image of a white arrow in a red circle indicating a decrease in percentage points. chart
Dairy – Cheddar cheese06-FebUS$/t3,7393,4867%This is an image of an white arrow in a green circle indicating an increase in percentage points.3,798-2%This is an image of a white arrow in a red circle indicating a decrease in percentage points. chart
Dairy – Anhydrous milk fat06-FebUS$/t6,5816,547<1%This is an image of an white arrow in a green circle indicating an increase in percentage points.5,76514%This is an image of an white arrow in a green circle indicating an increase in percentage points. chart

a Global Dairy Trade prices are updated twice monthly on the first and third Tuesday of each month.

Movements in selected fruit and vegetable prices
Data attribution

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Last reviewed:
08 Feb 2018