Weekly update - 9 May 2019

​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​Weekly ​Australian Climate,
Water and Agricultural Update

Key issues

  • During the week ending 8 May 2019 rainfall was mainly recorded across the south-eastern quarter of Australia. Little to no rainfall was recorded across vast areas of western, central and northern Australia.
  • In cropping regions, rainfall of between 10 and 50 millimetres was recorded during the week ending 8  May 2019 across New South Wales, Victoria, south-western Queensland and parts of the York and Eyre Peninsulas in South Australia. Lighter falls of between 1 and 10 millimetres were recorded in remaining cropping regions in Queensland and South Australia, and parts of southern Western Australia. Little to no rainfall was recorded across remaining cropping regions in Western Australia.
  • For the week ending 7 May 2019, maximum and minimum temperatures were generally above average across large areas of eastern, western and northern Australia. The above average minimum temperatures recorded across eastern Australia are likely to benefit crop and pasture establishment and growth, by lengthening the window of favourable soil temperatures as we approach the cool winter months.
  • For the 13-month period ending April 2019, areas that have recorded rainfall totals in the lowest 5 to 10 per cent of the historical record (serious or severe rainfall deficiencies), have decreased in north-western New South Wales, south-western Queensland and the west of Western Australia. In contrast, rainfall deficiencies increased in severity across Victoria and south-eastern South Australia.
  • During the next eight days, little to no rainfall is expected across large areas of mainland Australia. Rainfall is likely to be restricted to the east and far south-east of mainland Australia, and Tasmania.
  • In cropping regions, rainfall of between 10 and 50 millimetres is expected across much of northern and central Queensland, isolated areas in South Australia and eastern and southern Victoria. Lighter falls of between 1 and 10 millimetres are expected in New South Wales and remaining cropping regions in Victoria, Queensland and South Australia. Little to no rainfall is expected for cropping regions in Western Australia.
  • If the expected rainfall over the coming 8 days for the eastern Australia eventuates as forecast, it is likely to allow farmers to take advance of the improved crop and pasture growth potential that resulted from the widespread rainfall that was recorded last week.
  • Water storage levels in the Murray-Darling Basin (MDB) increased between 29 April and 9 May 2019 by 93 gigalitres (GL). The current volume of water held in storage is 8,240 GL which represents 33 per cent of total capacity. This is 36 percentage points or 4,650 GL less than at the same time last year.
  • Allocation prices in the southern Murray-Darling Basin increased from $550 per ML in the week ending 29 April 2019 to $595 per ML in the week ending 6 May 2019, although the volume traded remains low.

Climate

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Rainfall this week

During the week ending 8  May 2019 rainfall was mainly recorded across the south-eastern quarter of Australia. Little to no rainfall was recorded across vast areas of western, central and northern Australia.

Rainfall of between 10 and 50 millimetres was recorded across much of New South Wales, Victoria, scattered areas of northern, western and southern Queensland, the far north and south of Western Australia, southern South Australia, western and northern Tasmania and scattered areas of the Northern Territory. Higher rainfall in excess of 50 millimetres was recorded across scattered areas of New South Wales, eastern Victoria and north-western Tasmania.

In cropping regions, rainfall of between 10 and 50 millimetres was recorded during the week ending 8  May 2019 across New South Wales, Victoria. south-western Queensland and parts of the York and Eyre Peninsulas in South Australia. Lighter falls of between 1 and 10 millimetres were recorded in remaining cropping regions in Queensland and South Australia, and parts of southern Western Australia. Little to no rainfall was recorded across remaining cropping regions in Western Australia.

Rainfall analysis for the week ending 8 May 2019

Map showing weekly rainfall totals in Australia. Image provided by the Bureau of Meteorology. Please refer to accompanying text for a more detailed description. 

©Commonwealth of Australia 2019, Australian Bureau of Meteorology - Issued: 08/05/2019

Note: The rainfall analyses and associated maps utilise data contained in the Bureau of Meteorology climate database, the Australian Data Archive for Meteorology (ADAM). The analyses are initially produced automatically from real-time data with limited quality control. They are intended to provide a general overview of rainfall across Australia as quickly as possible after the observations are received. For further information go to Weekly Rainfall Update.

Temperature anomalies this week

For the week ending 7  May 2019, maximum and minimum temperatures were generally 2°C to 6°C above average across large areas of eastern, western and northern Australia. In contrast, minimum temperatures were -2°C to -4°C below average across parts of southern Western Australia and western South Australia. Average (- 2°C to 2°C) minimum and maximum temperatures were recorded across the remainder of the country.

The above average minimum temperatures recorded across eastern Australia are likely to benefit crop and pasture establishment and growth, by lengthening the window of favourable soil temperatures as we approach the cool winter months.

Maximum temperature anomalies for the week ending 7 May 2019

Map showing maximum temperature anomalies for Australia. Image provided by the Bureau of Meteorology. Please refer to accompanying text for a more detailed description. 

©Commonwealth of Australia 2019, Australian Bureau of Meteorology - Issued: 07/05/2019

Minimum temperature anomalies for the week ending 7 May 2019

Map showing minimum temperature anomalies for Australia. Image provided by the Bureau of Meteorology. Please refer to accompanying text for a more detailed description. 

©Commonwealth of Australia 2019, Australian Bureau of Meteorology - Issued: 07/05/2019

Note: Spatial temperature analyses are based on historical weekly temperature data provided by the Bureau of Meteorology. These temperature anomaly maps show the departure of the maximum and minimum temperatures from the average over the 1961 to 1990 reference period. For further information go to Daily maximum temperature for Australia.

Rainfall deficiencies

The rainfall deficiencies presented below are sourced from the Bureau of Meteorology’s monthly ‘Drought Statement’. As short to longer-term deficiencies become evident the Bureau of Meteorology monitors these events through their lifecycle – from emergence through to their dissipation – with the time-period of analysis each month increasing from a fixed starting point to the easing of the deficiencies.

For further information, go to Drought.

The start of the 2019 has been very dry for large areas of the country, with south-eastern mainland Australia experiencing particularly dry conditions during April, resulting in an increase in rainfall deficiencies. For the 4-month period ending April 2019, north-eastern New South Wales, western Victoria, part of south-eastern Queensland, scattered areas of Western Australia as well as the eastern border of the state, western and southern South Australia and much of the Northern Territory recorded rainfall totals in the lowest 5 to 10 per cent of the historical record (serious or severe rainfall deficiencies).

Areas recording rainfall totals in the lowest 5 to 10 per cent of the historical record are also evident at longer timescales. For the 13-months ending April 2019, serious or severe rainfall deficiencies have decreased in north-western New South Wales, south-western Queensland and the west of Western Australia. In contrast, rainfall deficiencies increased in severity across Victoria and south-eastern South Australia. Serious to severe rainfall deficiencies persist across much of northern and western New South Wales, parts of Victoria and southern Queensland, large areas of eastern South Australia, parts of northern and southern Western Australia and much of the Northern Territory (Bureau of Meteorology ‘Drought Statement’, 3 May 2019).

Rainfall deficiencies for the 4-month period 1 January to 30 April 2019

 

©Commonwealth of Australia 2019, Australian Bureau of Meteorology - Issued: 03/05/2019

Rainfall deficiencies for the 13-month period 1 April 2018 to 30 April 2019

 

©Commonwealth of Australia 2019, Australian Bureau of Meteorology - Issued: 03/05/2019

Rainfall forecast for the next 8 days

During the next eight days, little to no rainfall is expected across large areas of mainland Australia. Rainfall is likely to be restricted to the east and far south-east of mainland Australia, and Tasmania.

Rainfall totals of between 10 and 50 millimetres are forecast for the north-east and far south of New South Wales, much of Victoria, large areas of eastern Queensland, the far south of South Australia, and much of Tasmania. Heavier falls in excess of 50 millimetres are forecast for parts of western Tasmania.

In cropping regions, rainfall of between 10 and 50 millimetres is expected across much of northern and central Queensland, isolated areas in South Australia and eastern and southern Victoria. Lighter falls of between 1 and 10 millimetres are expected in New South Wales and remaining cropping regions in Victoria, Queensland and South Australia. Little to no rainfall is expected for cropping regions in Western Australia.

If the expected rainfall over the coming 8 days for the eastern Australia eventuates as forecast, it is likely to allow farmers to take advance of the improved crop and pasture growth potential that resulted from the widespread rainfall that was recorded last week.

Total forecast rainfall (mm) for the period 9 May to 16 May 2019

Map of the total forecast rainfall for the next 8 days. Image provided by the Bureau of Meteorology. Please refer to accompanying text for a more detailed description. 

©Commonwealth of Australia 2019, Australian Bureau of Meteorology - Issued: 09/05/2019

Note: This rainfall forecast is produced from computer models. As the model outputs are not altered by weather forecasters, it is important to check local forecasts and warnings issued by the Bureau of Meteorology.

Commodities

Current indicators – 9 May 2019

IndicatorWeek endedUnitLatest pricePrice week priorWeekly changePrice 12 months priorYear on year changeChart

Selected World Indicator Prices

Australian Dollar – AUD/USD Exchange Rate08-MayUS$/A$0.70.70%0.75-7%This is an image of a white arrow in a red circle indicating a decrease in percentage points. chart
Wheat – US no. 2 hard red winter wheat, fob Gulf07-MayUS$/t202205-1%This is an image of a white arrow in a red circle indicating a decrease in percentage points.252-20%This is an image of a white arrow in a red circle indicating a decrease in percentage points. chart
Coarse Grains – US no. 2 yellow corn, fob Gulf08-MayUS$/t1631602%This is an image of an white arrow in a green circle indicating an increase in percentage points.179-9%This is an image of a white arrow in a red circle indicating a decrease in percentage points. chart
Canola – Rapeseed, Europe, fob Hamburg07-MayUS$/t405409<1%This is an image of a white arrow in a red circle indicating a decrease in percentage points.402<1%This is an image of an white arrow in a green circle indicating an increase in percentage points. chart
Cotton – Cotlook 'A' Index08-MayUSc/lb84.386.8-3%This is an image of a white arrow in a red circle indicating a decrease in percentage points.93.3-10%This is an image of a white arrow in a red circle indicating a decrease in percentage points. chart
Sugar – Intercontinental Exchange, nearby futures, no.11 contract08-MayUSc/lb12.112.2<1%This is an image of a white arrow in a red circle indicating a decrease in percentage points.11.55%This is an image of an white arrow in a green circle indicating an increase in percentage points. chart
Wool – Eastern Market Indicator02-MayAc/kg clean1,960nana1,8367%This is an image of an white arrow in a green circle indicating an increase in percentage points. chart
Wool – Western Market Indicator03-MayAc/kg clean2,093nana1,9527%This is an image of an white arrow in a green circle indicating an increase in percentage points. chart

Selected domestic crop indicator prices

Milling Wheat – ASW1, track quote, Port Adelaide, SA07-MayA$/t273311-12%This is an image of a white arrow in a red circle indicating a decrease in percentage points.2653%This is an image of an white arrow in a green circle indicating an increase in percentage points. chart
Feed Wheat – General purpose, Sydney, NSW08-MayA$/t375392-4%This is an image of a white arrow in a red circle indicating a decrease in percentage points.31519%This is an image of an white arrow in a green circle indicating an increase in percentage points. chart
Feed Barley – Sydney, NSW08-MayA$/t3693690%32015%This is an image of an white arrow in a green circle indicating an increase in percentage points. chart
Canola – Portland, Vic.29-OctA$/t597 nana53611%This is an image of an white arrow in a green circle indicating an increase in percentage points. chart
Grain Sorghum – Sydney, NSW08-MayA$/t360380-5%This is an image of a white arrow in a red circle indicating a decrease in percentage points.410-12%This is an image of a white arrow in a red circle indicating a decrease in percentage points. chart

Selected domestic livestock indicator prices

Beef – Eastern Young Cattle Indicator02-MayAc/kg cwt489nana496-1%This is an image of a white arrow in a red circle indicating a decrease in percentage points. chart
Mutton – Mutton indicator (18–24 kg fat score 2–3), Vic03-MayAc/kg cwt5505206%This is an image of an white arrow in a green circle indicating an increase in percentage points.44823%This is an image of an white arrow in a green circle indicating an increase in percentage points. chart
Lamb – Eastern States Trade Lamb Indicator02-MayAc/kg cwt745nana59525%This is an image of an white arrow in a green circle indicating an increase in percentage points. chart
Pig – Eastern Seaboard (60.1–75 kg), average of buyers & sellers26-AprAc/kg cwt338 341<1%This is an image of a white arrow in a red circle indicating a decrease in percentage points.26926%This is an image of an white arrow in a green circle indicating an increase in percentage points. chart
Goat – Eastern States (12.1–16 kg)06-MayAc/kg cwt6806800%46447%This is an image of an white arrow in a green circle indicating an increase in percentage points. chart
Live cattle – Light steers ex Darwin to Indonesia04-MayAc/kg lwt2802800%2800% chart
Live sheep – Live wether (Muchea WA saleyard) to Middle East06-May$/head1101100%9516%This is an image of an white arrow in a green circle indicating an increase in percentage points. chart

Global Dairy Trade (GDT) weighted average prices a

Dairy – Whole milk powder01-MayUS$/t3,2493,269<1%This is an image of a white arrow in a red circle indicating a decrease in percentage points.3,231<1%This is an image of an white arrow in a green circle indicating an increase in percentage points. chart
Dairy – Skim milk powder01-MayUS$/t2,5212,4622%This is an image of an white arrow in a green circle indicating an increase in percentage points.1,99926%This is an image of an white arrow in a green circle indicating an increase in percentage points. chart
Dairy – Cheddar cheese01-MayUS$/t4,2174,319-2%This is an image of a white arrow in a red circle indicating a decrease in percentage points.4,0245%This is an image of an white arrow in a green circle indicating an increase in percentage points. chart
Dairy – Anhydrous milk fat01-MayUS$/t6,2176,1261%This is an image of an white arrow in a green circle indicating an increase in percentage points.6,0323%This is an image of an white arrow in a green circle indicating an increase in percentage points. chart

a Global Dairy Trade prices are updated twice monthly on the first and third Tuesday of each month.

Selected world indicator prices
Selected domestic crop indicator prices
Selected domestic livestock indicator prices
Global dairy trade weighted average prices
Movements in selected fruit and vegetable prices
Data attribution

Water

Water storages, water markets and water allocations - current week

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Last reviewed:
09 May 2019