Weekly update - 9 August 2018

​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​Weekly Australian Climate,
Water and Agricultural Update

Key issues

  • During the week ending 8 August 2018 rainfall was recorded across much of the southern half of the country. Rainfall totals of between 10 and 50 millimetres were recorded across large areas of inland eastern New South Wales, much of south-western and central Victoria, southern South Australia, southern Western Australia and western and northern Tasmania. Little to no rainfall recorded across the northern half of Australia.
  • In cropping regions, weekly rainfall totals of between 1 and 10 millimetres were recorded in New South Wales. For cropping regions in Victoria weekly rainfall totals were variable, ranging from 5 millimetres in the north to 50 millimetres in the south. In South Australian and Western Australian cropping regions, weekly rainfall totals ranged from 10 to 100 millimetres.
  • For the week ending 7 August 2018, maximum and minimum temperatures were generally average for much of the country, the main exception being large areas of Western Australia which recorded below average day-time and night-time temperatures for this time of year.
  • Low rainfall during July 2018 has exacerbated rainfall deficiencies already being seen over much of the southeast of the mainland. Areas of lowest on record year to date rainfall have enlarged in far northwest New South Wales and in the Murraylands region of South Australia and across the border into northwest Victoria.
  • For the 16 months starting in April 2017, serious to severe rainfall deficiencies are evident across most of the northern two-thirds of New South Wales except the north coast, southern agricultural and pastoral regions and along the Eyre Peninsula of South Australia, southern and central Queensland, and coastal areas of southern Western Australia. Some areas of New South Wales have registered lowest on record rain for this period.
  • During the next eight days, rainfall is expected to be restricted to the far south of the country. Little to no rainfall is forecast across the remainder of the country.
  • In cropping regions, rainfall totals of between 1 and 10 millimetres are forecast for southern New South Wales. Higher totals of between 5 and 25 millimetres are expected for cropping regions in Victoria, South Australia and Western Australia during the next eight days. No rainfall is expected in cropping regions in Queensland.
  • Water storage levels in the Murray–Darling Basin (MDB) increased during the week ending 9 August 2018 by 70 gigalitres (GL) to 11,977 GL and are at 53 per cent of total capacity. This is 17 percentage points or 3,805 GL less than at the same time last year.
  • Allocation prices in the southern Murray-Darling Basin increased in the week ending 9 August 2018 to $305 per ML. This is an increase of $27 from the same time last week.

Climate

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Rainfall this week

During the week ending 8 August 2018 rainfall was recorded across much of the southern half of the country. Little to no rainfall recorded across the northern half of Australia. Rainfall totals of between 10 and 50 millimetres were recorded across large areas of inland eastern New South Wales, much of south-western and central Victoria, southern South Australia, southern Western Australia and western and northern Tasmania.

Higher rainfall totals in excess of 50 millimetres were recorded across alpine regions of New South Wales and Victoria, southern agricultural areas of South Australia and the far western and southern parts of Western Australia. The highest recorded weekly total was 221 millimetres at Falls Creek, in the alpine region of Victoria.

In cropping regions, rainfall totals of between 1 and 10 millimetres were recorded across much of New South Wales, with falls of between 10 to 25 millimetres being recorded in the far east. For cropping regions in Victoria, weekly rainfall totals were variable, ranging from 5 to 10 millimetres in the north to 10 to 50 millimetres in the south and east. In South Australian and Western Australian cropping regions, weekly rainfall totals ranged from 10 to 100 millimetres. Little to no rainfall was recorded in cropping regions in Queensland.

Rainfall analysis for the week ending 8 August 2018

Map showing weekly rainfall totals in Australia. Image provided by the Bureau of Meteorology. Please refer to accompanying text for a more detailed description. 

©Commonwealth of Australia 2018, Australian Bureau of Meteorology - Issued: 8/8/2018

Note: The rainfall analyses and associated maps utilise data contained in the Bureau of Meteorology climate database, the Australian Data Archive for Meteorology (ADAM). The analyses are initially produced automatically from real-time data with limited quality control. They are intended to provide a general overview of rainfall across Australia as quickly as possible after the observations are received. For further information go to Weekly Rainfall Update.

Temperature anomalies this week

For the week ending 7 August 2018, maximum temperatures were generally average across much of the country. Maximum temperatures were 2°C to 4°C above average across parts of eastern New South Wales and Queensland, but 2°C to 6°C below average across Western Australia. Minimum temperatures were also generally average across much of Australia, with parts of western and central Australia recording below average (-2°C to -6°C) night-time temperatures for this time of year.

Maximum temperature anomalies for the week ending 7 August 2018

Map showing maximum temperature anomalies for Australia. Image provided by the Bureau of Meteorology. Please refer to accompanying text for a more detailed description. 

©Commonwealth of Australia 2018, Australian Bureau of Meteorology - Issued: 8/8/2018

Minimum temperature anomalies for the week ending 7 August 2018

Map showing minimum temperature anomalies for Australia. Image provided by the Bureau of Meteorology. Please refer to accompanying text for a more detailed description. 

©Commonwealth of Australia 2018, Australian Bureau of Meteorology - Issued: 8/8/2018

Note: Spatial temperature analyses are based on historical weekly temperature data provided by the Bureau of Meteorology. These temperature anomaly maps show the departure of the maximum and minimum temperatures from the average over the 1961 to 1990 reference period. For further information go to Daily maximum temperature for Australia.

Rainfall deficiencies

The rainfall deficiencies presented below are sourced from the Bureau of Meteorology’s monthly ‘Drought Statement’. As short to longer-term deficiencies become evident the Bureau of Meteorology monitors these events through their lifecycle – from emergence through to their dissipation – with the time-period of analysis each month increasing from a fixed starting point to the easing of the deficiencies.

For further information, go to Drought

Low rainfall during July 2018 has exacerbated rainfall deficiencies already being seen over much of the southeast of the mainland.

Year to date rainfall deciles (1 January 2018 to 31 July 2018) show significant dryness across the southeast of mainland Australia. Consequently, deficiencies have continued, intensified and expanded over most of New South Wales, southwestern Queensland, and the northeastern agricultural and pastoral districts of South Australia. Areas of lowest on record rainfall have enlarged in far northwest New South Wales and in the Murraylands region of South Australia and across the border into northwest Victoria.

Serious to severe rainfall deficiencies continue to persist at longer timescales. For the 16 months starting in April 2017, serious to severe rainfall deficiencies are evident across most of the northern two-thirds of New South Wales except the north coast, southern agricultural and pastoral regions and along the Eyre Peninsula of South Australia, southern and central Queensland, and coastal areas of the southern Western Australia.

Some areas of northern inland and the southeast coast of New South Wales have registered lowest on record rain for the 16 months from April 2017 to July 2018 (Bureau of Meteorology ‘Drought Statement’, 2 August 2018).

Rainfall deficiencies for the 7-month period 1 January 2018 to 31 July 2018

Map of the total forecast rainfall for the next 8 days. Image provided by the Bureau of Meteorology. Please refer to accompanying text for a more detailed description. 

©Commonwealth of Australia 2018, Australian Bureau of Meteorology - Issued: 2/8/2018

Rainfall deficiencies for the 16-month period 1 April 2017 to 31 July 2018

Map of the total forecast rainfall for the next 8 days. Image provided by the Bureau of Meteorology. Please refer to accompanying text for a more detailed description. 

©Commonwealth of Australia 2018, Australian Bureau of Meteorology - Issued: 2/8/2018

Rainfall forecast for the next 8 days

During the next eight days, rainfall is expected to be restricted to the far south of the country. Little to no rainfall is forecast across the remainder of the country. Rainfall totals of between 10 and 50 millimetres are forecast for south-western Western Australia, isolated areas of south-eastern New South Wales, southern and alpine areas of Victoria, parts of southern South Australia, and Tasmania. Heavier falls in excess of 50 millimetres are forecast for western Tasmania.

In cropping regions, rainfall totals of between 1 and 10 millimetres are forecast for southern New South Wales. Higher totals of between 5 and 25 millimetres are expected for cropping regions in Victoria, South Australia and Western Australia during the next eight days. No rainfall is expected in cropping regions in Queensland.

This rainfall forecast is produced from computer models. As it contains no input from weather forecasters, it is important to check local forecasts and warnings issued by the Bureau of Meteorology.

Total forecast rainfall (mm) for the period 9 to 16 August 2018

Map of the total forecast rainfall for the next 8 days. Image provided by the Bureau of Meteorology. Please refer to accompanying text for a more detailed description. 

©Commonwealth of Australia 2018, Australian Bureau of Meteorology - Issued: 9/8/2018

Commodities

Current indicators – 9 August 2018

IndicatorWeek endedUnitLatest pricePrice week priorWeekly changePrice 12 months priorYear on year changeChart

Selected world indicator prices

Australian Dollar – AUD/USD Exchange Rate08-AugUS$/A$0.740.740%0.79-6%This is an image of a white arrow in a red circle indicating a decrease in percentage points. chart
Wheat – US no. 2 hard red winter wheat, fob Gulf07-AugUS$/t2602494%This is an image of an white arrow in a green circle indicating an increase in percentage points.20924%This is an image of an white arrow in a green circle indicating an increase in percentage points. chart
Coarse Grains – US no. 2 yellow corn, fob Gulf08-AugUS$/t167166<1%This is an image of an white arrow in a green circle indicating an increase in percentage points.1558%This is an image of an white arrow in a green circle indicating an increase in percentage points. chart
Canola – Rapeseed, Europe, fob Hamburga07-AugUS$/t444443<1%This is an image of an white arrow in a green circle indicating an increase in percentage points.4254%This is an image of an white arrow in a green circle indicating an increase in percentage points. chart
Cotton – Cotlook 'A' Index08-AugUSc/lb98.298.4<1%This is an image of a white arrow in a red circle indicating a decrease in percentage points.80.722%This is an image of an white arrow in a green circle indicating an increase in percentage points. chart
Sugar – Intercontinental Exchange, nearby futures, no.11 contract08-AugUSc/lb10.810.80%14.0-27%This is an image of a white arrow in a red circle indicating a decrease in percentage points. chart
Wool – Eastern Market Indicator12-JulAc/kg clean1,9811,994<1%This is an image of a white arrow in a red circle indicating a decrease in percentage points.1,52230%This is an image of an white arrow in a green circle indicating an increase in percentage points. chart
Wool – Western Market Indicator13-JulAc/kg clean2,1292,154-1%This is an image of a white arrow in a red circle indicating a decrease in percentage points.1,57036%This is an image of an white arrow in a green circle indicating an increase in percentage points. chart

Selected domestic crop indicator prices

Milling Wheat – ASW1, track quote, Port Adelaide, SA07-AugA$/t3203065%This is an image of an white arrow in a green circle indicating an increase in percentage points.22741%This is an image of an white arrow in a green circle indicating an increase in percentage points. chart
Feed Wheat – General purpose, Sydney, NSW08-AugA$/t380385-1%This is an image of a white arrow in a red circle indicating a decrease in percentage points.25251%This is an image of an white arrow in a green circle indicating an increase in percentage points. chart
Feed Barley – Sydney, NSW08-AugA$/t360390-8%This is an image of a white arrow in a red circle indicating a decrease in percentage points.23653%This is an image of an white arrow in a green circle indicating an increase in percentage points. chart
Canola – Portland, Vic.30-JulA$/t5475293%This is an image of an white arrow in a green circle indicating an increase in percentage points.5029%This is an image of an white arrow in a green circle indicating an increase in percentage points. chart
Grain Sorghum – Sydney, NSW08-AugA$/t375375 0%31220%This is an image of an white arrow in a green circle indicating an increase in percentage points. chart

Selected domestic livestock indicator prices

Beef – Eastern Young Cattle Indicator02-AugAc/kg cwt5035030%574-12%This is an image of a white arrow in a red circle indicating a decrease in percentage points. chart
Mutton – Mutton indicator (18-24 kg fat score 2-3), Vic03-AugAc/kg cwt428493-13%This is an image of a white arrow in a red circle indicating a decrease in percentage points.3929%This is an image of an white arrow in a green circle indicating an increase in percentage points. chart
Lamb – Eastern States Trade Lamb Indicator02-AugAc/kg cwt788798-1%This is an image of a white arrow in a red circle indicating a decrease in percentage points.59632%This is an image of an white arrow in a green circle indicating an increase in percentage points. chart
Pig – Eastern Seaboard (60.1-75 kg), average of buyers & sellers27-JulAc/kg cwt2472470%274-10%This is an image of a white arrow in a red circle indicating a decrease in percentage points. chart
Goat – Eastern States (12.1-16 kg)06-AugAc/kg cwt560556<1%This is an image of an white arrow in a green circle indicating an increase in percentage points.nana chart
Live cattle – Light steers ex Darwin to Indonesia04-AugAc/kg lwt300nana330-9%This is an image of a white arrow in a red circle indicating a decrease in percentage points. chart
Live sheep – Live wether (Muchea WA saleyard) to Middle East14-May$/head95nana116-18%This is an image of a white arrow in a red circle indicating a decrease in percentage points. chart

Global Dairy Trade weighted average pricesa

Dairy – Whole milk powder07-AugUS$/t2,9582,973<1%This is an image of a white arrow in a red circle indicating a decrease in percentage points.3,155-6%This is an image of a white arrow in a red circle indicating a decrease in percentage points. chart
Dairy – Skim milk powder07-AugUS$/t1,9721,959<1%This is an image of an white arrow in a green circle indicating an increase in percentage points.1,966<1%This is an image of an white arrow in a green circle indicating an increase in percentage points. chart
Dairy – Cheddar cheese07-AugUS$/t3,6633,5962%This is an image of an white arrow in a green circle indicating an increase in percentage points.3,932-7%This is an image of a white arrow in a red circle indicating a decrease in percentage points. chart
Dairy – Anhydrous milk fat07-AugUS$/t5,7095,6291%This is an image of an white arrow in a green circle indicating an increase in percentage points.6,289-9%This is an image of a white arrow in a red circle indicating a decrease in percentage points. chart

a Global Dairy Trade prices are updated twice monthly on the first and third Tuesday of each month.

Selected world indicator prices
Selected domestic crop indicator prices
Selected domestic livestock indicator prices
Global dairy trade weighted average prices
Movements in selected fruit and vegetable prices
Data attribution

Water

Water storages, water markets and water allocations - current week

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Last reviewed:
09 Aug 2018