Weekly update - 12 September 2019

​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​Weekly ​Australian Climate,
Water and Agricultural Update

Key issues

  • During the week ending 11 September 2019 little to no rainfall was recorded across most of Australia, with falls restricted to far south-east.  
  • Across cropping regions rainfall totals of between 5 to 15 millimetres were recorded in southern New South Wales, much of Victoria and parts of South Australia. Little to no rainfall was recorded across cropping regions in Queensland and Western Australia, and remaining cropping regions in New South Wales and South Australia.
  • Following below average August 2019 rainfall across much of Australia, 8‑month deficiencies have increased over north-eastern New South Wales, south-eastern Queensland, eastern South Australia, the Northern Territory and eastern Western Australia.
  • Over the next eight days, frontal activity is expected to result in limited rainfall, isolated to areas in the far south of Australia.
  • Across Australia’s winter cropping regions, the 8‑day rainfall forecast indicates that falls of between 5 and 10 millimetres are expected across part of southern Western Australia. Little to no rainfall is expected across remaining cropping regions.
  • Water storage levels in the Murray-Darling Basin (MDB) increased between 3 September and 10 September 2019 by 6 gigalitres (GL). Current volume of water held in storage is 10,353 GL which represents 41 per cent of total capacity. This is 28 percentage points or 4,109 GL less than at the same time last year.
  • Allocation prices in the Victorian Murray below the Barmah Choke increased from $703 per ML on 26 August 2019 to $792 per ML on 2 September 2019. Trade restrictions are currently binding in several catchments, leading to differences in water prices across the Murray Darling Basin.

Climate

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Rainfall this week

During the week ending 11 September 2019 little to no rainfall was recorded across most of Australia, with falls restricted to far south-eastern Australia.  

Across cropping regions rainfall totals of between 5 to 15 millimetres were recorded in southern New South Wales, much of Victoria and parts of South Australia. Little to no rainfall was recorded across cropping regions in Queensland and Western Australia, and remaining cropping regions in New South Wales and South Australia.

Rainfall for the week ending 11 September 2019

Map showing weekly rainfall totals in Australia. Image provided by the Bureau of Meteorology. Please refer to accompanying text for a more detailed description. 

©Commonwealth of Australia 2019, Australian Bureau of Meteorology - Issued: 11/09/2019

Note: The rainfall analyses and associated maps utilise data contained in the Bureau of Meteorology climate database, the Australian Data Archive for Meteorology (ADAM). The analyses are initially produced automatically from real-time data with limited quality control. They are intended to provide a general overview of rainfall across Australia as quickly as possible after the observations are received. For further information go to Weekly Rainfall Update.

Temperature anomalies this week

For the week ending 10 September  2019, maximum temperatures were 2°C to 4°C above average across large parts of Western Australia and isolated parts of eastern Australia. In contrast, minimum temperatures were 2°C to 6°C below average across parts of south-western, central and north-eastern Australia, with temperatures up to 10°C below average in small parts of northern Queensland. Average (- 2°C to 2°C) minimum and maximum temperatures were recorded across the remainder of the country.

Maximum temperature anomalies for the week ending 10 September 2019

Map showing maximum temperature anomalies for Australia. Image provided by the Bureau of Meteorology. Please refer to accompanying text for a more detailed description. 

©Commonwealth of Australia 2019, Australian Bureau of Meteorology - Issued: 11/09/2019

Minimum temperature anomalies for the week ending 10 September 2019

Map showing minimum temperature anomalies for Australia. Image provided by the Bureau of Meteorology. Please refer to accompanying text for a more detailed description. 

©Commonwealth of Australia 2019, Australian Bureau of Meteorology - Issued: 11/09/2019

Note: Spatial temperature analyses are based on historical weekly temperature data provided by the Bureau of Meteorology. These temperature anomaly maps show the departure of the maximum and minimum temperatures from the average over the 1961 to 1990 reference period. For further information go to Daily maximum temperature for Australia.

Rainfall deficiencies

The rainfall deficiencies presented below are sourced from the Bureau of Meteorology’s monthly ‘Drought Statement’. As short to longer-term deficiencies become evident the Bureau of Meteorology monitors these events through their lifecycle—from emergence through to their dissipation—with the time-period of analysis each month increasing from a fixed starting point to the easing of the deficiencies.

For further information, go to Drought

For the 8-month period ending August  2019, north-eastern New South Wales, south-eastern Queensland, large areas of southern and eastern Western Australia, and much of South Australia and the Northern Territory recorded rainfall totals in the lowest 5 to 10 per cent of the historical record (serious or severe rainfall deficiencies).

Areas recording rainfall totals in the lowest 5 to 10 per cent of the historical record are also evident at longer timescales. Following below average rainfall during August, rainfall deficiencies increased in severity and extent across New South Wales, northern Victoria, southern Queensland and eastern South Australia for the 17 months ending August 2019. Serious to severe rainfall deficiencies persist across much of northern and western New South Wales, parts of Victoria and south-eastern Queensland, large areas of eastern South Australia, parts of northern and southern Western Australia and much of the Northern Territory (Bureau of Meteorology ‘Drought Statement’, 5 September 2019).

Rainfall deficiencies for the 8 month period 1 January to 31 August 2019

 

©Commonwealth of Australia 2019, Australian Bureau of Meteorology - Issued: 05/09/2019

Rainfall deficiencies for the 17 month period 1 April 2018 to 31 August 2019

 

©Commonwealth of Australia 2019, Australian Bureau of Meteorology - Issued: 05/09/2019

Rainfall forecast for the next 8 days

Over the next eight days, frontal activity is expected to result in some rainfall over the far south of Australia. However, persistent high-pressure systems over the Great Australian Bight during the next eight days, is likely to restrict the movement of rain-bearing systems and resulting in little to no rainfall forecast for much of mainland Australia.

Rainfall of between 10 and 25 millimetres is forecast for southern Victoria and far south-west Western Australia. Higher rainfall totals up to 100 millimetres are forecast for western Tasmania. Rainfall of between 1 and 10 millimetres is forecast for south-eastern New South Wales, the south-west of Western Australia, south-eastern South Australia and remaining areas of Victoria.

In cropping regions, rainfall of between 5 and 10 millimetres is expected across part of southern Western Australia. Lighter falls of between 1 and 5 millimetres are forecast across cropping regions in south-eastern New South Wales, Victoria, south-eastern South Australia and much of Western Australia.  Little to no rainfall is expected across cropping regions in Queensland, northern Western Australia and remaining cropping regions in New South Wales and South Australia.

Total forecast rainfall (mm) for the period 12 September to 19 September 2019

Map of the total forecast rainfall for the next 8 days. Image provided by the Bureau of Meteorology. Please refer to accompanying text for a more detailed description. 

©Commonwealth of Australia 2019, Australian Bureau of Meteorology - Issued: 12/09/2019

Note: This rainfall forecast is produced from computer models. As the model outputs are not altered by weather forecasters, it is important to check local forecasts and warnings issued by the Bureau of Meteorology.

Commodities

Current indicators – 12 September 2019

IndicatorWeek endedUnitLatest pricePrice week priorWeekly changePrice 12 months priorYear on year changeChart

Selected World Indicator Prices

Australian Dollar – AUD/USD Exchange Rate11-SepUS$/A$0.680.671%This is an image of an white arrow in a green circle indicating an increase in percentage points.0.71-4%This is an image of a white arrow in a red circle indicating a decrease in percentage points. chart
Wheat – US no. 2 hard red winter wheat, fob Gulf10-SepUS$/t1991971%This is an image of an white arrow in a green circle indicating an increase in percentage points.239-17%This is an image of a white arrow in a red circle indicating a decrease in percentage points. chart
Coarse Grains – US no. 2 yellow corn, fob Gulf04-SepUS$/t155157-1%This is an image of a white arrow in a red circle indicating a decrease in percentage points.160-3%This is an image of a white arrow in a red circle indicating a decrease in percentage points. chart
Canola – Rapeseed, Europe, fob Hamburg10-SepUS$/t425422<1%This is an image of an white arrow in a green circle indicating an increase in percentage points.439-3%This is an image of a white arrow in a red circle indicating a decrease in percentage points. chart
Cotton – Cotlook 'A' Index11-SepUSc/lb70.470.0<1%This is an image of an white arrow in a green circle indicating an increase in percentage points.92.0-23%This is an image of a white arrow in a red circle indicating a decrease in percentage points. chart
Sugar – Intercontinental Exchange, nearby futures, no.11 contract11-SepUSc/lb11.011.2-2%This is an image of a white arrow in a red circle indicating a decrease in percentage points.11.2-2%This is an image of a white arrow in a red circle indicating a decrease in percentage points. chart
Wool – Eastern Market Indicator05-SepAc/kg clean1,3651,375<1%This is an image of a white arrow in a red circle indicating a decrease in percentage points.2,088-35%This is an image of a white arrow in a red circle indicating a decrease in percentage points. chart
Wool – Western Market Indicator06-SepAc/kg clean1,3831,416-2%This is an image of a white arrow in a red circle indicating a decrease in percentage points.2,255-39%This is an image of a white arrow in a red circle indicating a decrease in percentage points. chart

Selected domestic crop indicator prices

Milling Wheat – ASW1, track quote, Port Adelaide, SA10-SepA$/t3003000%367-18%This is an image of a white arrow in a red circle indicating a decrease in percentage points. chart
Feed Wheat – General purpose, Sydney, NSW11-SepA$/t3653650%430-15%This is an image of a white arrow in a red circle indicating a decrease in percentage points. chart
Feed Barley – Sydney, NSW11-SepA$/t3603600%410-12%This is an image of a white arrow in a red circle indicating a decrease in percentage points. chart
Grain Sorghum – Sydney, NSW11-SepA$/t3253250%410-21%This is an image of a white arrow in a red circle indicating a decrease in percentage points. chart

Selected domestic livestock indicator prices

Beef – Eastern Young Cattle Indicator05-SepAc/kg cwt500504<1%This is an image of a white arrow in a red circle indicating a decrease in percentage points.4892%This is an image of an white arrow in a green circle indicating an increase in percentage points. chart
Mutton – Mutton indicator (18–24 kg fat score 2–3), Vic06-SepAc/kg cwt579583<1%This is an image of a white arrow in a red circle indicating a decrease in percentage points.47921%This is an image of an white arrow in a green circle indicating an increase in percentage points. chart
Lamb – Eastern States Trade Lamb Indicator05-SepAc/kg cwt8038030%855-6%This is an image of a white arrow in a red circle indicating a decrease in percentage points. chart
Pig – Eastern Seaboard (60.1–75 kg), average of buyers & sellers30-AugAc/kg cwt3863851%This is an image of an white arrow in a green circle indicating an increase in percentage points.24856%This is an image of an white arrow in a green circle indicating an increase in percentage points. chart
Goat – Eastern States (12.1–16 kg)09-SepAc/kg cwt9029020%54067%This is an image of an white arrow in a green circle indicating an increase in percentage points. chart
Live cattle – Light steers ex Darwin to Indonesia07-SepAc/kg lwt3153102%This is an image of an white arrow in a green circle indicating an increase in percentage points.3005%This is an image of an white arrow in a green circle indicating an increase in percentage points. chart
Live sheep – Live wether (Muchea WA saleyard) to Middle East13-May$/head13511023%This is an image of an white arrow in a green circle indicating an increase in percentage points.9542%This is an image of an white arrow in a green circle indicating an increase in percentage points. chart

Global Dairy Trade (GDT) weighted average prices a

Dairy – Whole milk powder03-SepUS$/t3,0763,100<1%This is an image of a white arrow in a red circle indicating a decrease in percentage points.2,8219%This is an image of an white arrow in a green circle indicating an increase in percentage points. chart
Dairy – Skim milk powder03-SepUS$/t2,5002,478<1%This is an image of an white arrow in a green circle indicating an increase in percentage points.2,00525%This is an image of an white arrow in a green circle indicating an increase in percentage points. chart
Dairy – Cheddar cheese03-SepUS$/t3,8273,857<1%This is an image of a white arrow in a red circle indicating a decrease in percentage points.3,6315%This is an image of an white arrow in a green circle indicating an increase in percentage points. chart
Dairy – Anhydrous milk fat03-SepUS$/t4,9885,061-1%This is an image of a white arrow in a red circle indicating a decrease in percentage points.5,316-6%This is an image of a white arrow in a red circle indicating a decrease in percentage points. chart

a Global Dairy Trade prices are updated twice monthly on the first and third Tuesday of each month.

Selected world indicator prices
Selected domestic crop indicator prices
Selected domestic livestock indicator prices
Global dairy trade weighted average prices
Movements in selected fruit and vegetable prices
Data attribution

Water

Water storages, water markets and water allocations - current week

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Last reviewed:
12 Sep 2019