Weekly update - 24 August 2017

​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​Weekly Australian Climate,
Water and Agricultural Update

Key issues

  • During the week ending 23 August 2017 rainfall totals between 5 and 50 millimetres were recorded in south-western and south-eastern Australia, with little to no rainfall over the rest of mainland Australia.
  • Late-winter rainfall across western and south-eastern Australia has been beneficial for pastures and winter crops. However, rainfall in northern New South Wales and southern Queensland remains well below average as wheat and other winter crops enter temperature and moisture-sensitive stages of development.
  • For the week ending 22 August 2017 maximum temperatures were between 2°C and 6°C above average for most of northern Australia. Minimum temperatures were generally close to average across most of the country, with parts of central Australia recording above average (2°C to 6°C) minimum temperatures.
  • The National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) report that July 2017 tied with July 2016 for the warmest July globally in recorded history.
  • During the next eight days rainfall totals between 5 and 100 millimetres are forecast for western Tasmania and southern parts of Western Australia. Rainfall totals between 5 and 10 millimetres are forecast for eastern parts of Queensland and New South Wales, and parts of southern Victoria and South Australia. Little to no rainfall is forecast for the rest of mainland Australia during the next eight days.
  • Water storage levels in the Murray–Darling Basin (MDB) increased during the week ending 24 August 2017 by 431 gigalitres (GL) to 16,505 GL and are at 73 per cent of total capacity. This is 12 percentage points or 2,719 GL more than at the same time last year.
  • Allocation prices in the southern Murray–Darling Basin fell in the week up to 24 August 2017 in most systems. Average prices across the southern system excluding Victoria decreased to $130.

Climate

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Rainfall this week

During the week ending 23 August 2017 rainfall was recorded in far south-western and far south-eastern Australia, with little to no rainfall recorded over the rest of mainland Australia. Rainfall totals between 5 and 50 millimetres were recorded in south-western Western Australia, south-eastern South Australia, Victoria, southern New South Wales, and Tasmania. Rainfall totals exceeded 50 millimetres in far south-western Western Australia, western Tasmania, and in alpine regions of Victoria and New South Wales. The highest recorded weekly total was 118 millimetres at Koetong around 50 kilometres east of Wodonga in Victoria.

Late-winter rainfall across western and south-eastern Australia has been beneficial for pastures and winter crops. However, rainfall in northern New South Wales and southern Queensland remains well below average as wheat and other winter crops enter temperature and moisture-sensitive stages of development.

Rainfall - week ending 23 August 2017

Map showing weekly rainfall totals in Australia. Image provided by the Bureau of Meteorology. Please refer to accompanying text for a more detailed description. 

©Commonwealth of Australia 2017, Australian Bureau of Meteorology - Issued: 23/08/2017

Note: The rainfall analyses and associated maps utilise data contained in the Bureau of Meteorology climate database, the Australian Data Archive for Meteorology (ADAM). The analyses are initially produced automatically from real-time data with limited quality control. They are intended to provide a general overview of rainfall across Australia as quickly as possible after the observations are received. For further information go to Weekly Rainfall Update.

Temperature anomalies this week

During the week ending 22 August 2017 maximum temperatures were between 2°C and 6°C above average for most of northern Australia. Maximum temperature anomalies were close to average for the remainder of Australia. Minimum temperatures were generally close to average across most of the country, with parts of central Australia recording above average (2°C to 6°C) minimum temperatures.

These above average August temperatures, particularly in Queensland and the Northern Territory, follow well above average maximum and minimum temperatures in northern Australia during recent months. For the period May to July, northern Australia experienced its highest mean daily maximum temperature on record, at 1.93°C above average for this period (Bureau of Meteorology, ‘Weekly Tropical Climate note’, 22 August 2017). These warmer than average temperatures have assisted fruit set in avocados, but provided an extra stress factor for winter cereal and pulse crops.

Maximum temperature anomalies - week ending 22 August 2017

Map showing maximum temperature anomalies in Australia. Image provided by the Bureau of Meteorology. Please refer to accompanying text for a more detailed description. 

©Commonwealth of Australia 2017, Australian Bureau of Meteorology - Issued: 22/08/2017

Minimum temperature anomalies - week ending 22 August 2017

Map showing minimum temperature anomalies in Australia. Image provided by the Bureau of Meteorology. Please refer to accompanying text for a more detailed description.] 

©Commonwealth of Australia 2017, Australian Bureau of Meteorology - Issued: 22/08/2017

Note: Spatial temperature analyses are based on historical weekly temperature data provided by the Bureau of Meteorology. These temperature anomaly maps show the departure of the maximum and minimum temperatures from their long-term averages. Temperature anomalies are calculated using high-resolution gridded datasets from 1911 onwards. For further information go to Daily maximum temperature for Australia.

Monthly global temperature

Globally, July 2017 tied with July 2016 as the warmest July in recorded history according to the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA). NASA’s data combine sea surface temperature and air temperature on land and showed July 2017 was 0.83°C hotter than the long-term average (1951 to 1980) for July, which equalled the value for July 2016.

While July is typically the planet’s hottest month of the year, this record is particularly noteworthy because it occurred in the absence of a natural climate cycle, like El Niño, which helped increased global temperatures in 2016.

Annual global temperature anomaly; each line indicates a year, from 1880 to 2017

Graph showing GISTEMP Anomaly for 1880 to 2017 provided by the NASA Goddard Institute for Space Studies. Please refer to accompanying text for a more detailed description. 

Source: GISS Surface Temperature Analysis (GISTEMP). NASA Goddard Institute for Space Studies.
GISTEMP Update

Global land-ocean temperature index anomaly, relative to 1951-1980 July average

A global map of the July 2017 LOTI (land-ocean temperature index) anomaly, relative to the 1951-1980 July average.] 

Source: GISS Surface Temperature Analysis (GISTEMP). NASA Goddard Institute for Space Studies.
GISTEMP Update

Rainfall forecast for the next 8 days

During the next eight days rainfall totals between 5 and 100 millimetres are forecast for western Tasmania and southern parts of Western Australia. Rainfall totals between 5 and 10 millimetres are forecast for eastern parts of Queensland and New South Wales, and parts of southern Victoria and South Australia. Little to no rainfall is forecast for the rest of mainland Australia during the next eight days.

This rainfall forecast is produced from computer models. As it contains no input from weather forecasters, it is important to check local forecasts and warnings issued by the Bureau of Meteorology.

Total forecast rainfall (mm) for the period 24 to 31 August 2017

Map of the total forecast rainfall for the next 8 days. Image provided by the Bureau of Meteorology. Please refer to accompanying text for a more detailed description. 

Source: ©Commonwealth of Australia 2017, Australian Bureau of Meteorology - Issued: 24/08/2017

Water

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Water availability

Water storage levels in the Murray–Darling Basin (MDB) increased during the week ending 24 August 2017 by 431 gigalitres (GL) to 16,505 GL and are at 73 per cent of total capacity. This is 12 percentage points or 2,719 GL more than at the same time last year.

Water storages in the Murray-Darling Basin (NSW, Victoria and Queensland)

Line graph showing water storages in the Murray–Darling Basin (NSW, Victoria and Queensland) from 2000 to 2017, measured as a percentage of the total storage of 22,598 gigalitres. 

Information on water available in dams used for irrigation the Murray–Darling Basin from 1 January 2001 to 24 August 2017 is shown above. The top horizontal (short dash) line indicates the storage level during a similar time last year. The bottom horizontal (long dash) line indicates the amount of ‘dead’ or unusable storage.

Water allocations

Water allocations remain unchanged in the week to 24 August 2017.

Allocations at 24 August 201715 August 2017

New South Wales

General security

High security

General security

High security

NSW Murray

13%

97%

13%

97%

NSW Murrumbidgee

23%

95%

23%

95%

NSW Lower Darling

100%

100%

100%

100%

NSW Macquarie and Cudgegong

38%

100%

38%

100%

NSW Hunter

100%

100%

100%

100%

NSW Lachlan

2%

100%

2%

100%

NSW Lower Namoi

7%

100%

7%

100%

NSW Upper Namoi

100%

100%

100%

100%

NSW Gwydir

11%

100%

11%

100%

NSW Border Rivers

100%(a)/11.1%(b)

100%

100%(a)/11.1%(b)

100%

NSW Peel

100%

100%

100%

100%

Victoria

Low reliability

High reliability

Low reliability

High reliability

Victoria Murray

0%

70%

0%

70%

Victoria Goulburn

0%

45%

0%

45%

Victoria Campaspe

0%

100%

0%

100%

Victoria Loddon

0%

45%

0%

45%

Victoria Bullarook

35%

100%

35%

100%

Victoria Broken

0%

15%

0%

15%

South Australia

 

Class 3a/3b

 

Class 3a/3b

South Australia Murray

 

100%

 

100%

(a) General Security A class. (b) General Security B class

Water markets

Allocation prices in the southern Murray–Darling Basin fell in the week up to 24 August 2017 in most systems in part due to new inflows. Average prices across the southern system excluding Victoria were $130. This is $9 less than the price of the whole southern Murray–Darling Basin at the same time last week. This contrasts with an average price of $124 in July across the whole southern MDB.

At the time of preparation, Victorian trade data was unavailable.

Allocation trade activity in the southern Murray–Darling Basin

Allocation trade activity in the southern Murray-Darling Basin. The trades shown reflect market activity and do not encompass all register trades. The price line reflects locally fitted price values for the entire southern Murray-Darling Basin. 

Victorian trade data was unavailable at the time of preparation and is current only to 17 August 2017. Other trade data is current to 24 August 2017. The trades shown reflect estimated market activity and do not encompass all register trades. The price line reflects locally fitted price values for the entire southern Murray–Darling Basin. Trade activity is shown as colour density.

Allocation trade prices, southern Murray–Darling Basin trade zones

 

Southern MDB

Victoria Goulburn

SA Murray

NSW Murrumbidgee

Victoria Murray

NSW Murray

Current week: 18/08/17 - 24/08/17

$129.7*

NA*

$140.00

$133.88

NA*

$123.97

Last week: 11/08/17 - 17/08/17

$138.57

$122.00

$174.32

$109.46

$145.32

$141.84

July 2017

$124.67

$111.64

$191.30

$107.76

$118.65

$117.80

July 2016

$157.33

$229.63

$240.60

$115.56

$181.01

$208.58

* Victorian trade data was unavailable at the time of preparation and is current only to 17 August 2017. Other trade data is current to 24 August 2017

Current indicators – 24 August 2017

IndicatorWeek endedUnitLatest pricePrice week priorWeekly changePrice 12 months priorYear on year changeChart

Selected world indicator prices

Australian Dollar – AUD/USD Exchange Rate23-AugUS$/A$0.790.790%0.764%This is an image of an white arrow in a green circle indicating an increase in percentage points. chart
Wheat – US no. 2 hard red winter wheat, fob Gulf22-AugUS$/t198206-4%This is an image of a white arrow in a red circle indicating a decrease in percentage points.1942%This is an image of an white arrow in a green circle indicating an increase in percentage points. chart
Coarse Grains – US no. 2 yellow corn, fob Gulf23-AugUS$/t151153-1%This is an image of a white arrow in a red circle indicating a decrease in percentage points.153-1%This is an image of a white arrow in a red circle indicating a decrease in percentage points. chart
Canola – Rapeseed, Europe, fob Hamburg22-AugUS$/t4334213%This is an image of an white arrow in a green circle indicating an increase in percentage points.4262%This is an image of an white arrow in a green circle indicating an increase in percentage points. chart
Cotton – Cotlook 'A' Index23-AugUSc/lb77.778.9-2%This is an image of a white arrow in a red circle indicating a decrease in percentage points.78.1<1%This is an image of a white arrow in a red circle indicating a decrease in percentage points. chart
Sugar – Intercontinental Exchange, nearby futures, no.11 contract23-AugUSc/lb13.513.22%This is an image of an white arrow in a green circle indicating an increase in percentage points.20.2-33%This is an image of a white arrow in a red circle indicating a decrease in percentage points. chart
Wool – Eastern Market Indicatora13-JulAc/kg clean1,5221,524<1%This is an image of a white arrow in a red circle indicating a decrease in percentage points.1,31116%This is an image of an white arrow in a green circle indicating an increase in percentage points. chart
Wool – Western Market Indicatora18-AugAc/kg clean1,6801,6065%This is an image of an white arrow in a green circle indicating an increase in percentage points.1,39720%This is an image of an white arrow in a green circle indicating an increase in percentage points. chart

Selected domestic crop indicator prices

Milling Wheat – ASW1, track quote, Port Adelaide, SA15-AugA$/t223227-2%This is an image of a white arrow in a red circle indicating a decrease in percentage points.2230% chart
Feed Wheat – General purpose, Sydney, NSW23-AugA$/t237252-6%This is an image of a white arrow in a red circle indicating a decrease in percentage points.2313%This is an image of an white arrow in a green circle indicating an increase in percentage points. chart
Feed Barley – Sydney, NSW23-AugA$/t226236-4%This is an image of a white arrow in a red circle indicating a decrease in percentage points.18323%This is an image of an white arrow in a green circle indicating an increase in percentage points. chart
Canola – Portland, Vic.21-AugA$/t495502-1%This is an image of a white arrow in a red circle indicating a decrease in percentage points.505-2%This is an image of a white arrow in a red circle indicating a decrease in percentage points. chart
Grain Sorghum – Sydney, NSW23-AugA$/t314312<1%This is an image of an white arrow in a green circle indicating an increase in percentage points.20652%This is an image of an white arrow in a green circle indicating an increase in percentage points. chart

Selected domestic livestock indicator prices

Beef – Eastern Young Cattle Indicator17-AugAc/kg cwt551559-1%This is an image of a white arrow in a red circle indicating a decrease in percentage points.720-23%This is an image of a white arrow in a red circle indicating a decrease in percentage points. chart
Mutton – Mutton indicator (18-24 kg fat score 2-3), Vic18-AugAc/kg cwt401424-5%This is an image of a white arrow in a red circle indicating a decrease in percentage points.3806%This is an image of an white arrow in a green circle indicating an increase in percentage points. chart
Lamb – Eastern States Trade Lamb Indicator17-AugAc/kg cwt594604-2%This is an image of a white arrow in a red circle indicating a decrease in percentage points.596<1%This is an image of a white arrow in a red circle indicating a decrease in percentage points. chart
Pig – Eastern Seaboard (60.1-75 kg), average of buyers & sellers11-AugAc/kg cwt276274<1%This is an image of an white arrow in a green circle indicating an increase in percentage points.377-27%This is an image of a white arrow in a red circle indicating a decrease in percentage points. chart
Goat – Eastern States (12.1-16 kg)a21-JulAc/kg cwt457647-29%This is an image of a white arrow in a red circle indicating a decrease in percentage points.577-21%This is an image of a white arrow in a red circle indicating a decrease in percentage points. chart
Live cattle – Light steers ex Darwin to Indonesia19-AugAc/kg lwt3303203%This is an image of an white arrow in a green circle indicating an increase in percentage points.345-4%This is an image of a white arrow in a red circle indicating a decrease in percentage points. chart
Live sheep – Live wether (Muchea WA saleyard) to Middle East14-Aug$/head112140-20%This is an image of a white arrow in a red circle indicating a decrease in percentage points.9320%This is an image of an white arrow in a green circle indicating an increase in percentage points. chart

Global Dairy Trade weighted average pricesb

Dairy – Whole milk powder15-AugUS$/t3,1433,155<1%This is an image of a white arrow in a red circle indicating a decrease in percentage points.2,69517%This is an image of an white arrow in a green circle indicating an increase in percentage points. chart
Dairy – Skim milk powder15-AugUS$/t1,9681,966<1%This is an image of an white arrow in a green circle indicating an increase in percentage points.2,028-3%This is an image of a white arrow in a red circle indicating a decrease in percentage points. chart
Dairy – Cheddar cheese15-AugUS$/t4,0053,9322%This is an image of an white arrow in a green circle indicating an increase in percentage points.3,15727%This is an image of an white arrow in a green circle indicating an increase in percentage points. chart
Dairy – Anhydrous milk fat15-AugUS$/t6,1996,289-1%This is an image of a white arrow in a red circle indicating a decrease in percentage points.4,14849%This is an image of an white arrow in a green circle indicating an increase in percentage points. chart

a Previous week goat indicator price is from 31 July.
b Global Dairy Trade prices are updated twice monthly on the first and third Tuesday of each month.

Movements in selected fruit and vegetable prices
Data attribution

Last reviewed:
24 Aug 2017