Western Australia

​​​Australian Crop Report: June edition

With the exception of parts of the Esperance region, soil moisture levels during the winter crop planting window were below to very much below average across most of the Western Australian cropping region. Much of the crop was dry sown, or sown following scattered showers, and will require timely follow up rainfall to establish.

There is no strong tendency toward either higher or lower than average winter rainfall in Western Australian cropping regions, according to the latest three-month rainfall outlook (June to August) issued by the Bureau of Meteorology on 30 May 2019. Given the neutral rainfall outlook, ABARES has assumed average and timely winter rainfall that will sustain crops through to spring. Timely rainfall in the first few weeks of June has the potential to increase late plantings in some regions.

Winter crop planted area is forecast to fall by 3% to 7.8 million hectares in 2019–20. Winter crop production is forecast to be 14.4 million tonnes, which is around the 10 year average to 2018–19.

Area planted to wheat is forecast to fall by 5% to 4.5 million hectares. This is due to low levels of soil moisture discouraging planting in some regions, particularly more marginal cropping regions in the north. Production is expected to be 8.2 million tonnes.

Area planted to barley is forecast to rise by 10% to 1.6 million hectares. Expected margins on barley provided an incentive to increase planted area, and the longer planting window for cereals is expected to result in some late plantings following rainfall events. Production is forecast to be 3.7 million tonnes.

Area planted to canola is forecast to fall by 18% to 1.0 million hectares. Low levels of soil moisture during the canola planting window and higher expected returns from growing barley reduced the attractiveness of growing canola for many growers. Production is expected to be 1.2 million tonnes.

Table 11 Winter crop forecasts, Western Australia, 2019–20
’000 ha
Area change
Prod. change

Note: Yields are based on area planted. Area based on planted crop that is harvested, fed off or failed.

Statistical tables​​​


Last reviewed:
11 Jun 2019