Attachment 6: Themes and Sub-themes relevant to forested areas of Australia Step A

The Panel advised that the themes and sub-themes relevant to the forested areas of Australia are:

Theme: Origin and development of biota and landforms as a result of Gondwanan plate tectonics and more recent stability and long isolation

Sub-theme: Passive continental margins

Sub-theme: Palaeoplains

Sub-theme: Palaeo-drainage systems

Sub-theme: Fossils

Sub-theme: Refugia, relicts

Sub-theme: Rainforest

Theme: Evolution of landforms, species and ecosystems under conditions of stress

Sub-theme: Scleromorphy

Sub-theme: Eucalyptus-dominated vegetation

Theme: Climate change and its impacts

Sub-theme: Records of ancient climates

Theme: Traditional human settlement and land use

Sub-theme: Complex persistence of a hunting-and-gathering society on a single continent

Theme: Artistic expression

Sub-theme: Rock art

Theme: Religious expression

Sub-theme: Dreaming sites

Theme: European expansion of the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries

Sub-theme: Forced migration - a major way in which the expansion took place

Sub-theme: Land barriers as historical themes

Sub-theme: Integration of a continent into the global economy

Cultural Values (Aboriginal, European)

Theme of outstanding universal value

Sub-themes,

Exemplars

Explanatory Sentence

Listed World Heritage Areas which best express the themes, sub-themes, or aspects of these

Traditional human settlement and land use

Complex persistence of a hunting- and-gathering society on a single continent

Australia provides the only example of where the hunting-and-gathering way of life has dominated a complete continent up to modern times. This way of life continues to play a significant role in the occupation of the continent, particularly in its northern and central sections.

Kakadu National Park.

Uluru-Kata Tjuta National Park.

Willandra Lakes Region.

The Tasmanian Wilderness World Heritage Area.

Artistic expression

Rock art

Australia has Aboriginal art sites that represent a unique artistic achievement, as well as providing an outstanding record of human interaction with the environment over tens of thousands of years.

Kakadu National Park.

The Tasmanian Wilderness World Heritage Area.

Religious expression

Dreaming sites

Australia provides an outstanding example of where the religious system of hunting-and-gathering societies is embodied in the landscape.

Uluru-Kata Tjuta National Park.