Seasonal measures for Brown marmorated stink bug (BMSB)

​​​​​We introduce seasonal import measures to manage the risk of Brown marmorated stink bug (BMSB) during the high risk season.

New seasonal measures will apply for goods shipped on or between 1 September 2018 and 30 April 2019 inclusive.

Risks

The Brown marmorated stink bug (BMSB) is not found in Australia and needs to be kept out. It could severely impact our agricultural industries. Juveniles and adults feed on, and can severely damage, fruit and vegetable crops rendering them unsellable or reducing production yields. Adult BMSB can also be a nuisance, entering vehicles, homes and factories for shelter over winter.

They can arrive in Australia on cargo and containers shipped between September and April. This coincides with autumn and winter in the Northern Hemisphere.

Find out how to identify and report brown marmorated stink bug.

2018-19 season measures

You must comply with seasonal measures for certain goods arriving from certain countries that are shipped between 1 September 2018 and 30 April 2019 inclusive.

Details of the seasonal measures for the 2018-19 BSMB season are outlined below. Throughout the season we will continue to review the measures based on detections of BMSB and the risk pathways.

Goods

  • Certain goods (target high risk and target risk goods) manufactured in, or shipped from the target risk countries as sea cargo.
  • Mandatory offshore treatment of target high risk goods shipped as break bulk, in open top containers or on flat rack containers.
  • Mandatory offshore treatment of target high risk goods shipped as LCL (less than container load) or FAK (freight of all kinds) prior to arrival into Australian territory.
  • Mandatory treatment (onshore or offshore) of target high risk goods shipped as FCL (full container load) or FCX (full container consolidated).
  • Target high risk goods shipped as FCL and FCX may be treated on arrival in Australia at the container level. However, deconsolidation or removal of goods (for example, exempt goods) will not be permitted prior to the treatment.
  • Export or destruction of target high risk goods requiring mandatory offshore treatment and arriving untreated, or treated by an unapproved treatment provider, unless exceptional circumstances are granted.
  • Target risk goods will be subject to increased onshore intervention through random inspection and will be directed for onshore treatment if BMSB is detected.
  • Random inspection of goods after treatment to validate the effectiveness of treatments.
  • Random inspection of goods from all other emerging BMSB risk countries.
  • All goods must still meet standard import conditions in BICON.

Vessels

Heightened surveillance on all roll-on/roll-off (ro-ro) and general cargo vessels through additional pre-arrival reporting with a BMSB questionnaire and daily checks conducted by vessel masters.

Target risk countries

Any target high risk or target risk goods manufactured in, or shipped from these countries are subject to the BMSB seasonal measures.

Any vessel that tranships or loads goods from these countries are also subject to heightened vessel surveillance.
  • United States of America
  • Italy
  • Germany
  • France
  • Russia
  • Greece
  • Hungary
  • Romania
  • Georgia
  • Japan (heightened vessel surveillance will be the only measure applied).

Target high risk goods

Goods in this category require mandatory treatment for BMSB risk.

All tariffs under the following chapters are categorised as target high risk goods.

36 - Explosives; pyrotechnic products; matches; pyrophoric alloys; certain combustible preparations74 - Copper and articles thereof84 - Nuclear reactors, boilers, machinery and mechanical appliances; parts thereof
44 - Wood and articles of wood; wood charcoal75 - Nickel and articles thereof85 - Electrical machinery and equipment and parts thereof; sound recorders and reproducers, television image and sound recorders and reproducers, and parts and accessories of such articles
45 - Cork and articles of cork76 - Aluminium and articles thereof86 - Railway or tramway locomotives, rolling-stock and parts thereof; railway or tramway track fixtures and fittings and parts thereof; mechanical (including electro-mechanical) traffic signalling equipment of all kinds
57 - Carpets and other textile floor coverings78 - Lead and articles thereof87 - Vehicles other than railway or tramway rolling-stock, and parts and accessories thereof
68 - Articles of stone, plaster, cement, asbestos, mica or similar materials79 - Zinc and articles thereof88 - Aircraft, spacecraft, and parts thereof
69 - Ceramic products – including sub chapters I and II80 - Tin and articles thereof89 - Ships, boats and floating structures
70 – Glass and glass ware 81 - Other base metals; cermets; articles thereof93 - Arms and ammunition; parts and accessories thereof
72 - Iron and steel - including sub chapters I, II, III, IV82 - Tools, implements, cutlery, spoons and forks, of base metal; parts thereof of base metal
73 - Articles of iron or steel83 - Miscellaneous articles of base metals

Target risk goods

Goods in this category will be subject to increased onshore intervention through random inspection. If BMSB is detected the goods will be directed for onshore treatment.

All tariffs under the following chapters are categorised as target risk goods.

25 - Salt; sulphur; earths and stone; plastering materials, lime and cement31 - Fertilisers47 - Pulp of wood or of other fibrous cellulosic material; recovered (waste and scrap) paper or paperboard
26 - Ores, slag and ash38 - Miscellaneous chemical products48 - Paper and paperboard; articles of paper pulp, of paper or of paperboard
27 - Mineral fuels, mineral oils and products of their distillation; bituminous substances; mineral waxes39 - Plastics and articles thereof - – including sub chapters I and II49 - Printed books, newspapers, pictures and other products of the printing industry; manuscripts, typescripts and plans
28 - Inorganic chemicals; organic or inorganic compounds of precious metals, of rare-earth metals, of radioactive elements or of isotopes - including sub chapters I, II, III, IV and V40 - Rubber and articles thereof56 - Wadding, felt and nonwovens; special yarns; twine, cordage, ropes and cables and articles thereof
29 - Organic chemicals - including sub chapters I, II, III, IV, V, VI, VII, VIII, IX, X, XII and X11146 - Manufactures of straw, of esparto or of other plaiting materials; basket ware and wickerwork

All other goods

BMSB seasonal measures do not apply to goods not identified as ‘target high risk’ and ‘target risk’. However, these goods may be subject to the measures if they are part of a consignment that contains target high risk and target risk goods.

Treatments

Treatment options

  • heat treatment
  • methyl bromide fumigation
  • sulfuryl fluoride fumigation.

Treatment rates

Heat

  • At 50°C or higher for at least 20 minutes. Note: the minimum temperature of the coldest part of the treated goods should reach at least 50 °C for at least 20 minutes.

Methyl Bromide

  • A dose of 16 g/m3 or above, at 15°C or above, for 12 hours or longer, with an end point reading of 50% or more of the initial concentration. Note: this minimum temperature is 5°C higher than the sulfuryl fluoride conditions.

Sulfuryl Fluoride

There are two sets of rates for sulfuryl fluoride treatments.

Treatment providers not using an approved third party program*:

  • A dose of 24 g/m3 or above, at 10oC or above, for 12 hours or longer, with a minimum end point concentration of 12 g/m3.
or
  • A dose of 16 g/m3 or above, at 10oC or above, for 24 hours or longer, with a minimum end point concentration of 8 g/m3.

Treatment providers using an approved third party program*:

  • Achieve a CT of 200 g-h/m3 or more, while conducting the treatment at 10°C or above, for 12 hours or longer, with a minimum end point concentration of 12 g/m3.

or

  • Achieve a CT of 200 g-h/m3 or more, while conducting the treatment at 10oC or above, for 24 hours or longer, with a minimum end point concentration of 8 g/m3.

*The approved third party programs are:

  • Douglas Products Fumiguide
  • Ensystex II, Inc Fumicalc

Treatment minimum standards

There are minimum standards for the application of BMSB treatments. Treatments applied for biosecurity purposes are part of managing the risk of introducing exotic pests and diseases. These treatments are only effective when conducted correctly.

It is important that treatment providers understand these requirements to effectively treat consignments for import into Australia.

Our standards outline best practice methodologies for applying biosecurity treatments.

Offshore BMSB Treatment Providers Scheme

The Offshore Brown Marmorated Stink Bug (BMSB) Treatment Providers Scheme (the scheme) sets out the department’s registration and compliance requirements for BMSB treatment providers. 

Treatment providers who meet the requirements of the scheme will be added to our approved list of offshore BMSB treatment providers.

Treatment providers in target risk countries

All BMSB treatment providers in France, Georgia, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Italy, Romania, Russia and the United States of America must register with us.

Treatment providers in non-target risk countries

Treatment providers in other countries who intend to conduct BMSB treatments for goods that are manufactured in France, Georgia, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Italy, Romania, Russia or the United States of America are also encouraged to register.

Treatment certificates from providers in non-target risk countries who do not register will be accepted. These goods will be subject to increased intervention compared to those treated by approved treatment providers.

Treatment providers in non-target risk countries who perform multiple BMSB treatments during the season must join the Offshore BSMB Treatment Providers Scheme.

If unregistered treatment providers continue to treat and present treatment certificates throughout the season and have not made any effort to register, future treated goods may be exported or destroyed.

Fraudulent certificates

For treatments conducted in target risk countries, we will only accept BMSB treatment certificates from approved treatment providers.

We have developed a system to monitor and detect the use of fraudulent certificates.

We will identify consignments that arrive in Australia with a fraudulent certificate. We will also target consignments with a certificate from a treatment provider that is not approved.

These consignments will either be:

  • exported, or
  • destroyed, in an approved manner.

Industry consultation

We held industry information sessions in Sydney and Melbourne on 5 and 6 July 2018 where we released the draft measures. The final measures published on this page is an update of the information provided to industry during the sessions.

You can download and read:

  • our powerpoint presentation
  • industry questions and our answers provided during the sessions.

Download

DocumentPagesFile size
Presentation — Information session PPTPDF Icon3215 MB
Presentation — Information session PDFWord Icon322 MB
Questions and answers — Information session PDFWord Icon6380 KB
Questions and answers — Information session DOCXWord Icon668 KB

If you have difficulty accessing these files, visit web accessibility for assistance.

Further information

For further information regarding BMSB measures, please contact Air and Sea Cargo.

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