Japan quotas

​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​With the entry into force of the Japan – Australia Economic Partnership Agreement (JAEP​A), as well as tariff reductions and eliminations for many agricultural products, Australian exporters can ac​cess lower tariff rates within quotas for particular products. The Australian Gove​rnment Department of Agriculture and Water Resources manages quotas for the following:​

​Prescribed goods:​

Please note: if your application in EXDOC does not meet the requirements – as outlined under ‘how to apply’, you will not receive quota. You must indicate you would like quota in EXDOC.

Non-prescribed goods:

JAEPA quotas mean Australian exporters can apply for reduced tariff rates on certain products to Japan. The value of the tariff rate reduction can be assessed using the table below:

Quota years will align with the Japanese financial year, beginning on 1 April.

To access these quotas, you need to apply for a quota certificate issued by the Department of Agriculture and Water Resources. More information is provided below.

Can’t find your HS code? Then the product can’t be exported under quota. Visit the Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade’s website to find out what JAEPA means for your export.

Can’t find the correct AHECC code? Check the Australian Bureau of Statistics website to find it.

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Quota position for 2016

Position for the 2016 quota year as at 22 September 2016.

 

Total quota for Year 2 (tonnes)

Issued amount (to the nearest tonne)

% remaining

​Number of certificates issued

Bovine Offal

17,800

10,041

56

2,801

Pork

8,960

266

97

21

Poultry

72

10

87

1

Preserved/prepared meats 1

1,740

1

100

6

Preserved/prepared meats 2

5,900

1,835

69

116

Apple juice

1,600

122

92

34

Orange juice

1,300

645

50

51

Honey

96

96

0

13

Quota position by quarter for edible bovine offal (tonnes) as at 22 September 2016.

 

Quarter 1

Quarter 2

Quarter 3

Quarter 4

Total for year 2

Available

4,450

4,450

4,450

4,450

17,800

Issued (tonnes)

4,430*

4,448*

1,163

0

10,041

Certificates issued

1,281

1,281

240

0

2,801

Issued (%)

100

100

26

0

56

* discrepancies due to cancellations (cancelled tonnage rolled into following quarter)

Historical quota usage (2014 and 2015)

Position for the 2015 quota year as at 31 March 2016.

Total quota for Year 2 (tonnes)

Issued amount (to the nearest tonne)

% remaining

​Number of certificates issued

Bovine Offal

17,400

17,399

0.0

4,203

Pork

7,280

467

94

31

Poultry

56

34

38

6

Preserved/prepared meats 1

1,420

51

96.4

17

Preserved/prepared meats 2

5,600

3,571

36

220

Apple juice

1,600

388

76

71

Orange juice

1,300

882

32

74

Honey

88

86.4

1.8

13

Quota position by quarter for edible bovine offal (tonnes) as at 31 March 2016.

Quarter 1

Quarter 2

Quarter 3

Quarter 4

Total for year 2

Available

4,350

4,350

4,350

4,350

17,400

Issued (tonnes)

4,341*

4,359

4,346*

4,353*

17,399

Certificates issued

1099

1002

1054

1041

4,203

Issued (%)

100*

100

100*

100

100

* Discrepancies due to cancellations (cancelled tonnage rolled into following quarter).

Please see below the final position for the 2014 quota year for each of the Japanese quotas.


 

Total quota for 15 January – 31 March 2015 (Year 1)

Volume of quota issued (to the nearest tonne)

Volume issued %

​Number of certificates issued

Apple juice

267 tonnes

3

1.1

1

Bovine Offal

2833 tonnes

2833

100

661

Honey

13 tonnes

13

100

1

Orange juice

217 tonnes

7

3.2

1

Pork

933 tonnes

56

6

9

Poultry

7 tonnes

0

0

0

Preserved/prepared meats 1

183 tonnes

11

6.0

4

Preserved/prepared meats 2

883 tonnes

441

49.9

27

Year three arrangements (1 April 2016 to 31 March 2017)

Quota will be allocated on a first-come-first-served basis in year 3 (1 April 2016 to 31 March 2017).

The following amounts will be available for year three:

  • ​​​Apple Juice – 1,600 tonnes
  • Edible bovine offal - 4,450 tonnes quarterly
  • Honey – 96 tonnes
  • Orange Juice – 1,300 tonnes
  • Pork – 8,960 tonnes
  • Poultry – 72 tonnes
  • Preserved meats 1 – 1,740 tonnes
  • Preserved meats 2 – 5,900 tonnes

Edible bovine offal quota will be allocated quarterly on a first-come-first-served basis.

The quarters will run as follows:

  • ​Quarter 1: 1 April – 30 June 2016
  • Quarter 2: 1 July – 30 September 2016
  • Quarter 3: 1 October – 31 December 2016
  • Quarter 4: 1 January – 31 March 2017

FAQs - Bovine offal quarterly allocation

Why was a quarterly allocation system put in place?

Given the popularity of the offal quota in the first year, a quarterly allocation system was chosen as it will help facilitate year-round trade into Japan and ensure quota is still available at the end of the quota year. This approach has the support of the Australian Meat Industry Council (AMIC).

How will the quarterly allocation work for Edible Bovine Offal?

The 4350 tonnes will be allocated on a first come first serve basis until it is exhausted each quarter.

The quarters will run as follows:

QuarterApplications for quarter accepted (changeover)TimeQuota available (tonnes)
113 March1 April – 30 June 4450
210 June1 July – 30 September4450
310 September1 October – 31 December4450
410 December1 January – 31 March4450

How will the change in quarters work?

When quota for the quarter is filled, the quota will be closed and no further applications will be accepted for that quarter. The queue for new quarter certificates will open 3 weeks prior to the new quarter commencing to allow for shipping time to Japan.

What happens if my RFP goes to COMP between quota becoming filled for the quarter, and acceptance of applications for the next quarter?

To ensure the quarterly allocation system runs effectively, any RFP’s that go to COMP after quota is filled for the quarter will not receive quota or be eligible for the following quarterly allocation.

For example:

The quota filled for the first quarter on 3 June.

Company X has an RFP which goes to COMP on 6 June. Company X is considered to have applied while the quota is closed and therefore will not be issued a quota certificate.

Given there is no quota available for the quarter, this product cannot receive a tariff reduction and the shipment will be subject to full tariff rates.

To avoid this situation, Company X could check the website, and regularly check their email to see that quota was running low for the quarter. Company X would then have been aware that the chances of getting quota were slim and could adjust their business decisions accordingly.

How long is my quota certificate valid for given the quarterly allocation?

Your certificate is still valid until the end of the quota year.

Note: This quarterly allocation applies to edible bovine offal only.

How much quota is available each quota year?

The total volume of quota may vary from year to year. The following table outlines the total quota tonnage available by commodity each quota year.

PeriodQuota YearEdible Bovine OffalPreserved meats 1Preserved meats 2PorkPoultryHoney Apple JuiceOrange Juice
15/1/15 – 31/3/1512,833 tonnes183 tonnes883 tonne 933 tonnes7 tonnes13 tonnes267 tonnes217 tonnes
1/4/15 – 31/3/16 2 17,400 tonnes 1,420 tonnes 5,600 tonnes 7,280 tonnes 56 tonnes 88 tonnes In perpetuity: 1,600 tonnes In perpetuity: 1,300 tonnes
1/4/16 – 31/3/17317,800 tonnes1,740 tonnes5,900 tonnes8,960 tonnes72 tonnes96 tonnes
1/4/17 – 31/3/18418,200 tonnes2,060 tonnes6,200 tonnes10,640 tonnes88 tonnes104 tonnes
1/4/18 – 31/3/195 18,600 tonnes2,380 tonnes6,500 tonnes 12,320 tonnes104 tonnes112 tonnes
1/4/19 – 31/3/20619,000 tonnesIn perpetuity: 2,700 tonnes 6,800 tonnes In perpetuity: 14,000 tonnes 120 tonnes 120 tonnes
1/4/20 – 31/3/21719,400 tonnes7,100 tonnes136 tonnes128 tonnes
1/4/21 – 31/3/22 8 19,800 tonnes 7,400 tonnes 152 tonnes 136 tonnes
1/4/22 – 31/3/23 9 20,200 tonnes 7,700 tonnes 168 tonnes 144 tonnes
1/4/23 – 31/3/24 10 20,600 tonnes 8,000 tonnes 184 tonnes 152 tonnes
From 1/4/24 11 In perpetuity: 21,000 tonnes In perpetuity: 8,300 tonnes In perpetuity: 200 tonnes In perpetuity: 160 tonnes

How to apply

JAEPA quotas are allocated on a first-come-first-served basis. There are two different ways to apply for JAEPA quota, depending on what product is being exported. The Quota Unit has developed guidelines for how it manages the JAEPA quotas, which includes information about how certificates are issued.

1. Prescribed goods

Exporters of prescribed goods, as described under the Export Control Act 1982, must comply with certain requirements, including lodging a Request for Permit (RFP) through EXDOC. Applying for JAEPA quota has been made easy. Make sure you have registered your email address in EXDOC before applying - otherwise you may not be able to receive the electronic certificate. You can check and update your details by contacting the EXDOC Help Desk.

Step 1: Apply for RFP through EXDOC
Step 2: Indicate quota is required*
Step 3: It is your responsibility to ensure all AHECC codes are listed and correct​
Step 4: Proceed with RFP as normal. 

*There are several versions of EXDOC-compatible software, which may provide different options to indicate quota preference. If you have trouble locating the specific area, please contact your software provider.

Please note: if your application in EXDOC does not meet the requirements – as outlined above, you will not receive quota. This includes indicating you would like quota in EXDOC.

2. Non-prescribed goods

Exporters of non-prescribed goods need to contact the Quota Unit directly to apply for quota. You can do this in two easy steps:

Step 1: Download and complete the JAEPA Quota Application form

Step 2: Email the completed form to Quota Unit

Exporters are advised that quota certificates will not be issued more than 3 weeks in advance of a shipment departing. It is important that applications are sent in when the product is ‘ready to ship’.

Questions and answers

What is JAEPA?

The Japan-Australia Economic Partnership Agreement (JAEPA) eliminates or reduces barriers to trade in goods between Japan and Australia. This benefits Australian businesses that seek to export Australian goods to Japan or want to import Japanese goods for sale in Australia or for use as inputs into further manufacturing. A key impediment to importing and exporting goods are tariffs (customs duties) – taxes imposed by governments on goods arriving from overseas. On full implementation, JAEPA will provide 97 per cent of Australian exports (by 2013 import value) with duty-free or preferential access to Japanese markets. This includes rapid reduction of prohibitive tariffs on agricultural products and elimination of tariffs on 99.7 per cent of Australian resources, energy and manufacturing exports on day one of JAEPA’s operation. JAEPA entered into force on 15 January 2015. More information on the broader outcomes of the agreement can be found on the Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade’s website.

Which bovine offal ‘internal organs’ can enter Japan under the quota, and which do not need quota as they enter Japan tariff-free?

Japanese authorities have advised that a number of bovine offal products can enter Japan tariff-free and do not need a quota certificate. Please see the following outline, consistent with advice from Japan, and the relevant AHECC codes below.
  • Skirts are classified by Japan as ‘internal organs’, qualify for the edible bovine offal quota, and are to be exported under the applicable 0206xxxx AHECC code.
  • Tripe, intestines and rumen pillars going to Japan are not subject to the edible bovine quota or any tariff rate from Japan. These products can enter Japan at a zero tariff-rate under the applicable 0504xxxx AHECC code.

0206 AHECC Codes

AHECC Codes Description
02061000 Fresh or chilled edible offal of bovine animals
02062100 Frozen edible tongues of bovine animals
02062200 Frozen edible livers of bovine animals
02062900 Frozen edible offal of bovine animals (excl. tongues and livers)

0504 AHECC Codes

AHECC Codes Description
0504xxxx Guts, bladders and stomachs of animals (other than fish), whole and pieces thereof, fresh, chilled, frozen, salted, in brine, dried or smoked:
0504001x Animal casings:
05040010 Unassembled
05040016 Assembled
05040031 Tripe
05040092 Other

Can't find the correct AHECC code? Check the Australian Bureau of Statistics website to find it.

What tariff rate reductions are available?

Under JAEPA there are 19 new quotas, eight of which are administered by the Australian Government. Tariff rate reductions and national tonnage limits under quota vary according to each product:

How is quota allocated?

JAEPA quotas are allocated by consignment on a first-come-first-served basis until an annual tonnage limit is reached. JAEPA quota years are aligned with the commencement of the Japanese financial year on 1 April. Each product has a different tonnage limit under quota, which increases annually under the agreement, for some products. Specific information is available on the webpage for each quota product (see above).

How long is a quota certificate valid for?

A quota certificate to Japan is valid until the end of the quota year.

Who can apply for quota?

Any exporter of bovine offal, preserved/prepared meats, poultry, pork, apple juice, orange juice and/or honey products can apply for quota to Japan. Quota can be applied for on a per consignment basis and once it is ready to be shipped.

How much does the quota certificate cost?

The department will administer the JAEPA quotas at no cost until a comprehensive cost recovery impact statement is completed. This statement will quantify the costs associated with issuing the quota certificate, and will include industry consultation. It is expected that this process will be completed in mid-2015.

How do I apply?

There are two ways to apply for JAEPA quotas, depending on the export product. See the ‘How to Apply’ section above. The department will issue quota certificates electronically directly to the applicant. For exporters of prescribed goods, it’s important that you’ve registered your email address in EXDOC in order to receive the quota certificate.

Exporters are advised that quota certificates will not be issued more than 3 weeks in advance of a shipment departing. It is important that applications are sent in when the product is ‘ready to ship’.

I am having issues applying. Who do I contact?

If you are experiencing difficulties lodging your application for prescribed goods, please contact your software provider. If the issue is related directly to the EXDOC system, you can contact the EXDOC Help Desk. For non-prescribed goods (honey, apple and orange juice), please contact the Quota Unit or call (02) 6272 4010.

I’ve received my quota certificate, what next?

Electronic certificates will be issued by the Australian Government Department of Agriculture and Water Resources. These certificates will need to be printed and provided in hardcopy to Japan’s Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries in order to satisfy quota requirements in Japan.

I’ve received my quota certificate, but I need to change it. What can I do?

JAEPA quota certificates are unable to be changed and must be cancelled and reissued for a particular consignment. It is important that exporters apply for quota at the point of export to minimise the risk of having to reissue a quota certificate. You will only need to consider applying for a new certificate if there is a change to one or more of the following fields:
  • exporter details
  • importer details
  • product type
  • quantity of product

Change required to Exporter/ Importer details, product type or quantity of product. Who do I contact?

If the change relates to volumes or exporter/importer details that need to be amended on both the health certificate and the quota certificate please email a completed and signed “RFP Amendment Request” form to your local Regional Export Documentation office to make the changes. Amendments requiring a new health certificate may incur a fee.

Note: Please notify the Quota Admin Unit after the changes have been made.

Change to AHECC codes required. Who do I contact?

If the change relates to AHECC codes that were entered incorrectly, please contact by email the Quota Admin Unit or by phone 02 6272 4010.

Exporters should be aware that changing certificates will mean a new application is required, which will be assessed as part of the normal first-come-first-served process according to when the new application was lodged. The availability to access the required tonnage of quota, therefore, is not assured.

I forgot to indicate that an application made in EXDOC required quota. Who do I contact?

If the Quota box is not ticked and the certificate status is at “COMP”. Please contact the by email Quota Admin Unit or by phone 02 6272 4010 with the relevant RFP number. The application will enter the queue once the Quota Admin Unit is notified of the issue and all the information to receive a quota certificate is provided.

What is the manual process?

Any applications that are not processed through the EXDOC system are considered a manual certificate. This applies to all non-prescribed goods, and any RFPs that:

  • need quota but did not tick for quota in EXDOC
  • have listed the wrong AHECC codes, and require an amended certificate
  • require an amendment to details on the certificate such as importer details or kilograms

My product is on the water but there's no quota left. Can I apply for quota for next year?

For prescribed goods (see above), quota is applied for through the EXDOC system and processed at the time the Request for Permit reaches ‘COMP’ status. This practice is designed to ensure that products are ‘ready to go’ and maximise the use of Australia’s quota entitlement under JAEPA. It is not possible for RFPs that have previously reached ‘COMP’ status to retrospectively apply for JAEPA quotas outside of the EXDOC system.

Where do I apply for a Certificate of Origin for JAEPA?

Under JAEPA, there are two options available to indicate that goods originate from Australia and therefore are eligible for preferential tariff treatment: self-certification by means of an Origin Certification Document (OCD) or through a Certificate of Origin (COO) issued by an authorised body. Further information about the OCD. To enquire about a COO, please contact either of Australia’s authorised bodies:

How has the industry been consulted about JAEPA?

The department consulted regularly with representatives of the red meat, pork, poultry, honey and juice industries to develop and implement JAEPA.

What about products that are not included in the quotas?

Under JAEPA, many products received tariff reductions, but had no quota attached to them. These items do not require any form of quota certificate as a result, and you can export to Japan as you normally would. More information as to which commodities received tariff reductions out-of-quota can be found on DFAT’s website.

Further information

Get updates about Japan Quotas directly by joining our subscription list. Simply email the Quota Unit with your name and the word ‘subscribe’ in the heading.

E-mail: Quota Unit
Phone: (02) 6272 4010

Quota Administration Unit
Exports Division
Department of Agriculture and Water Resources
GPO Box 858
Canberra ACT 2601​​​​

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