Weekly update - 19 September 2019

​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​Weekly ​Australian Climate,
Water and Agricultural Update

Key issues

  • During the week ending 18 September 2019 little to no rainfall was recorded across most of Australia, with falls restricted to the far south-east.  
  • Across cropping regions rainfall totals of between 10 to 25 millimetres were recorded in part of eastern New South Wales. Lighter falls of between 1 and 10 millimetres were recorded across cropping regions in central and southern New South Wales, Victoria, isolated parts of Western Australia and eastern South Australia.
  • Cropping regions in Western Australia have experienced unfavourable climatic conditions during early spring. Low rainfall totals, and frost and heat events during the critical flowering and grain filling stage of growth are likely to lower crop production prospects across the state.
  • Over the next eight days, frontal activity is expected to result in limited rainfall, restricted to small areas in the south and far east of Australia, and an isolated area of central Australia.
  • Across Australia’s winter cropping regions, the 8-day rainfall forecast indicates that falls of between 10 and 25 millimetres are expected across western South Australia. Lighter falls of between 1 and 10 millimetres are expected across remaining cropping regions.
  • Water storage levels in the Murray-Darling Basin (MDB) increased between 10 September and 17 September 2019 by 30 gigalitres (GL). Current volume of water held in storage is 10,413 GL which represents 41 per cent of total capacity. This is 28 percentage points or 3,976 GL less than at the same time last year.
  • Allocation prices in the Victorian Murray below the Barmah Choke remained steady at $792 per ML from 2 September 2019 to 9 September 2019. Trade restrictions are currently binding in several catchments, leading to differences in water prices across the Murray Darling Basin.

Climate

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Rainfall this week

During the week ending 18 September 2019 little to no rainfall was recorded across most of Australia, with falls restricted to the far south-east.  

Across cropping regions, rainfall totals of between 10 to 25 millimetres were recorded in part of eastern New South Wales. Lighter falls of between 1 and 10 millimetres were recorded across cropping regions in central and southern New South Wales, Victoria, isolated parts of Western Australia and eastern South Australia. Little to no rainfall was recorded across cropping regions in Queensland, and remaining cropping regions in New South Wales, Western Australia and South Australia.

Cropping regions in Western Australia have experienced unfavourable conditions during the start of spring, with warm and dry conditions persisting in northern cropping regions and frost events occurring in southern cropping regions. While sufficient rainfall was recorded across most cropping regions during August, low rainfall totals and the frost and heat events during the critical flowering and grain filling stage of growth are likely to lower crop production prospects across the state.

Rainfall for the week ending 18 September 2019

Map showing weekly rainfall totals in Australia. Image provided by the Bureau of Meteorology. Please refer to accompanying text for a more detailed description. 

©Commonwealth of Australia 2019, Australian Bureau of Meteorology - Issued: 18/09/2019

Note: The rainfall analyses and associated maps utilise data contained in the Bureau of Meteorology climate database, the Australian Data Archive for Meteorology (ADAM). The analyses are initially produced automatically from real-time data with limited quality control. They are intended to provide a general overview of rainfall across Australia as quickly as possible after the observations are received. For further information go to Weekly Rainfall Update.

Temperature anomalies this week

For the week ending 17 September  2019, maximum temperatures were 2°C to 6°C above average across southern Australia, with temperatures up to 10°C above average across large parts of Western Australia. Similarly, minimum temperatures were 2°C to 8°C above average across south-western Australia. In contrast, minimum temperatures were 2°C to 6°C below average across large parts of northern and eastern Australia. Average (- 2°C to 2°C) minimum and maximum temperatures were recorded across the remainder of the country.

Maximum temperature anomalies for the week ending 17 September 2019

Map showing maximum temperature anomalies for Australia. Image provided by the Bureau of Meteorology. Please refer to accompanying text for a more detailed description. 

©Commonwealth of Australia 2019, Australian Bureau of Meteorology - Issued: 18/09/2019

Minimum temperature anomalies for the week ending 17 September 2019

Map showing minimum temperature anomalies for Australia. Image provided by the Bureau of Meteorology. Please refer to accompanying text for a more detailed description. 

©Commonwealth of Australia 2019, Australian Bureau of Meteorology - Issued: 18/09/2019

Note: Spatial temperature analyses are based on historical weekly temperature data provided by the Bureau of Meteorology. These temperature anomaly maps show the departure of the maximum and minimum temperatures from the average over the 1961 to 1990 reference period. For further information go to Daily maximum temperature for Australia.

Rainfall forecast for the next 8 days

Over the next eight days, frontal and trough activity is expected to result in some rainfall over parts of southern, eastern and central Australia. However, a high-pressure system across the south-west of Australia is forecast to move over the Great Australian Bight during the next eight days, and is likely to restrict the movement of rain-bearing systems and result in limited rainfall forecast for much of mainland Australia.

Rainfall of between 10 and 25 millimetres is forecast for small parts of far eastern New South Wales, southern and eastern Victoria, southern South Australia and the south-east of the Northern Territory. Higher rainfall totals up to 100 millimetres are forecast for western Tasmania. Rainfall of between 1 and 10 millimetres is forecast for south-eastern Queensland, the south-west of Western Australia, parts of western and southern South Australia and remaining areas of eastern New South Wales, Victoria and south of the Northern Territory.

In cropping regions, rainfall of between 10 and 25 millimetres is expected across western South Australia. Lighter falls of between 1 and 10 millimetres are forecast across cropping regions in eastern and northern New South Wales, southern Queensland, Victoria, eastern South Australia and Western Australia.  Little to no rainfall is expected across remaining cropping regions in southern New South Wales and northern Queensland.

Total forecast rainfall (mm) for the period 19 September to 26 September 2019

Map of the total forecast rainfall for the next 8 days. Image provided by the Bureau of Meteorology. Please refer to accompanying text for a more detailed description. 

©Commonwealth of Australia 2019, Australian Bureau of Meteorology - Issued: 19/09/2019

Note: This rainfall forecast is produced from computer models. As the model outputs are not altered by weather forecasters, it is important to check local forecasts and warnings issued by the Bureau of Meteorology.

Commodities

Current indicators – 19 September 2019

Indicator Week ended Unit Latest price Price week prior Weekly change Price 12 months prior Year on year change Chart

Selected World Indicator Prices

Australian Dollar – AUD/USD Exchange Rate 18-Sep US$/A$ 0.69 0.68 1%This is an image of an white arrow in a green circle indicating an increase in percentage points. 0.72 -4%This is an image of a white arrow in a red circle indicating a decrease in percentage points. chart
Wheat – US no. 2 hard red winter wheat, fob Gulf 17-Sep US$/t 203 199 2%This is an image of an white arrow in a green circle indicating an increase in percentage points. 238 -15%This is an image of a white arrow in a red circle indicating a decrease in percentage points. chart
Coarse Grains – US no. 2 yellow corn, fob Gulf 18-Sep US$/t 159 153 4%This is an image of an white arrow in a green circle indicating an increase in percentage points. 150 6%This is an image of an white arrow in a green circle indicating an increase in percentage points. chart
Canola – Rapeseed, Europe, fob Hamburg 17-Sep US$/t 429 425 <1%This is an image of an white arrow in a green circle indicating an increase in percentage points. 429 0% chart
Cotton – Cotlook 'A' Index 18-Sep USc/lb 72.8 70.4 3%This is an image of an white arrow in a green circle indicating an increase in percentage points. 90.7 -20%This is an image of a white arrow in a red circle indicating a decrease in percentage points. chart
Sugar – Intercontinental Exchange, nearby futures, no.11 contract 18-Sep USc/lb 10.6 11.0 -4%This is an image of a white arrow in a red circle indicating a decrease in percentage points. 11.0 -4%This is an image of a white arrow in a red circle indicating a decrease in percentage points. chart
Wool – Eastern Market Indicator 12-Sep Ac/kg clean 1,535 1,365 12%This is an image of an white arrow in a green circle indicating an increase in percentage points. 2,094 -27%This is an image of a white arrow in a red circle indicating a decrease in percentage points. chart
Wool – Western Market Indicator 13-Sep Ac/kg clean 1,625 1,383 17%This is an image of an white arrow in a green circle indicating an increase in percentage points. 2,256 -28%This is an image of a white arrow in a red circle indicating a decrease in percentage points. chart

Selected domestic crop indicator prices

Milling Wheat – ASW1, track quote, Port Adelaide, SA 10-Sep A$/t 300 na na 367 -18%This is an image of a white arrow in a red circle indicating a decrease in percentage points. chart
Feed Wheat – General purpose, Sydney, NSW 18-Sep A$/t 375 365 3%This is an image of an white arrow in a green circle indicating an increase in percentage points. 430 -13%This is an image of a white arrow in a red circle indicating a decrease in percentage points. chart
Feed Barley – Sydney, NSW 18-Sep A$/t 360 360 0% 410 -12%This is an image of a white arrow in a red circle indicating a decrease in percentage points. chart
Grain Sorghum – Sydney, NSW 18-Sep A$/t 345 325 6%This is an image of an white arrow in a green circle indicating an increase in percentage points. 410 -16%This is an image of a white arrow in a red circle indicating a decrease in percentage points. chart

Selected domestic livestock indicator prices

Beef – Eastern Young Cattle Indicator 12-Sep Ac/kg cwt 477 500 -5%This is an image of a white arrow in a red circle indicating a decrease in percentage points. 496 -4%This is an image of a white arrow in a red circle indicating a decrease in percentage points. chart
Mutton – Mutton indicator (18–24 kg fat score 2–3), Vic 13-Sep Ac/kg cwt 558 579 -4%This is an image of a white arrow in a red circle indicating a decrease in percentage points. 481 16%This is an image of an white arrow in a green circle indicating an increase in percentage points. chart
Lamb – Eastern States Trade Lamb Indicator 12-Sep Ac/kg cwt 811 803 <1%This is an image of an white arrow in a green circle indicating an increase in percentage points. 792 2%This is an image of an white arrow in a green circle indicating an increase in percentage points. chart
Pig – Eastern Seaboard (60.1–75 kg), average of buyers & sellers 06-Sep Ac/kg cwt 389 386 <1%This is an image of an white arrow in a green circle indicating an increase in percentage points. 249 56%This is an image of an white arrow in a green circle indicating an increase in percentage points. chart
Goat – Eastern States (12.1–16 kg) 16-Sep Ac/kg cwt 880 902 -2%This is an image of a white arrow in a red circle indicating a decrease in percentage points. 540 63%This is an image of an white arrow in a green circle indicating an increase in percentage points. chart
Live cattle – Light steers ex Darwin to Indonesia 14-Sep Ac/kg lwt 315 315 0% 300 5%This is an image of an white arrow in a green circle indicating an increase in percentage points. chart
Live sheep – Live wether (Muchea WA saleyard) to Middle East 13-May $/head 135 110 23%This is an image of an white arrow in a green circle indicating an increase in percentage points. 95 42%This is an image of an white arrow in a green circle indicating an increase in percentage points. chart

Global Dairy Trade (GDT) weighted average prices a

Dairy – Whole milk powder 17-Sep US$/t 3,133 3,076 2%This is an image of an white arrow in a green circle indicating an increase in percentage points. 2,768 13%This is an image of an white arrow in a green circle indicating an increase in percentage points. chart
Dairy – Skim milk powder 17-Sep US$/t 2,599 2,500 4%This is an image of an white arrow in a green circle indicating an increase in percentage points. 1,980 31%This is an image of an white arrow in a green circle indicating an increase in percentage points. chart
Dairy – Cheddar cheese 17-Sep US$/t 3,846 3,827 <1%This is an image of an white arrow in a green circle indicating an increase in percentage points. 3,503 10%This is an image of an white arrow in a green circle indicating an increase in percentage points. chart
Dairy – Anhydrous milk fat 17-Sep US$/t 5,030 4,988 <1%This is an image of an white arrow in a green circle indicating an increase in percentage points. 5,296 -5%This is an image of a white arrow in a red circle indicating a decrease in percentage points. chart

a Global Dairy Trade prices are updated twice monthly on the first and third Tuesday of each month.

Selected world indicator prices
Selected domestic crop indicator prices
Selected domestic livestock indicator prices
Global dairy trade weighted average prices
Movements in selected fruit and vegetable prices
Data attribution

Water

Water storages, water markets and water allocations - current week

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Last reviewed: 13 January 2021
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