Weekly update - 6 June 2019

​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​Weekly ​Australian Climate,
Water and Agricultural Update

Key issues

  • During the week ending 5 June 2019 rainfall was largely restricted to eastern and south-eastern Australia.
  • In cropping regions, rainfall of between 10 and 25 millimetres was recorded across parts of eastern New South Wales, and south-eastern Queensland during the week ending 5 June 2019. Lighter falls of between 1 and 10 millimetres were recorded across Victoria, South Australia, southern and far northern Queensland and the remaining cropping regions in New South Wales.
  • Rainfall for May 2019 was mixed across Australia, with particularly low rainfall across much of Western Australia and well below average rainfall across parts of eastern New South Wales and south-eastern Queensland.
  • For cropping regions in southern New South Wales, eastern Victoria and western South Australia, May 2019 rainfall was above average to extremely high. Cropping regions in central New South Wales, eastern Queensland, and much of Western Australia recorded well below average to severely deficient rainfall in May.
  • Autumn 2019 rainfall was well below average to extremely low for cropping regions in northern and central New South Wales, eastern and western Victoria, eastern South Australia and much of Western Australia. Autumn rainfall was above average for north-western Queensland and average for the remaining cropping regions. Autumn 2019 was particularly dry across the western half of Australia.
  • Upper and lower layer soil moisture in May across Western Australia, as well as parts of eastern New South Wales and eastern Queensland, was extremely low to well below average for this time of year. Soil moisture was generally average to above average for cropping regions in southern New South Wales, Victoria, north-western Queensland and South Australia.
  • During the next eight days, rainfall is expected across north-eastern, south-eastern and western Australia. In cropping regions, rainfall of between 10 and 50 millimetres is expected across southern New South Wales, Victoria, northern Queensland, South Australia and much of Western Australia. Lighter falls of between 1 and 10 millimetres are expected in the remaining cropping regions of New South Wales, Queensland and Western Australia.
  • Water storage levels in the Murray-Darling Basin (MDB) increased between 29 May and 5 June 2019 by 140 gigalitres (GL). Current volume of water held in storage is 8,500 GL which represents 34 per cent of total capacity. This is 35 percentage points or 4,560 GL less than at the same time last year.
  • Water allocation prices in the southern Murray-Darling Basin remained stable at $545 per ML in the week ending 27 May 2019 on low trade volumes.

Climate

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Rainfall this week

During the week ending 5 June 2019 rainfall was restricted to eastern and south-eastern Australia. Little to no rainfall was recorded across the rest of Australia.

Rainfall of between 10 and 50 millimetres was recorded across eastern New South Wales, southern Victoria, parts of eastern Queensland and much of Tasmania. Rainfall in excess of 50 millimetres was recorded across isolated parts of coastal New South Wales, south-eastern Victoria and western Tasmania. 

In cropping regions, rainfall of between 10 and 25 millimetres was recorded across parts of eastern New South Wales, and south-eastern Queensland during the week ending 5 June 2019. Lighter falls of between 1 and 10 millimetres were recorded across Victoria, South Australia, southern and far northern Queensland and the remaining cropping regions in New South Wales. Little to no rainfall was recorded across the remaining cropping regions in Queensland and Western Australia.

Rainfall analysis for the week ending 5 June 2019

Map showing weekly rainfall totals in Australia. Image provided by the Bureau of Meteorology. Please refer to accompanying text for a more detailed description. 

©Commonwealth of Australia 2019, Australian Bureau of Meteorology - Issued: 05/06/2019

Note: The rainfall analyses and associated maps utilise data contained in the Bureau of Meteorology climate database, the Australian Data Archive for Meteorology (ADAM). The analyses are initially produced automatically from real-time data with limited quality control. They are intended to provide a general overview of rainfall across Australia as quickly as possible after the observations are received. For further information go to Weekly Rainfall Update.

Monthly temperature

May 2019 mean maximum and minimum temperatures were above average for large parts of the country, in contrast, mean minimum temperatures were below average across southern Western Australia. The national mean temperature was 0.65 °C above average. Mean maximum temperatures were 1.04 °C above average and mean minimum temperatures were 0.25 °C above average.

Maximum temperature deciles for May 2019

Map showing maximum temperature anomalies for Australia. Image provided by the Bureau of Meteorology. Please refer to accompanying text for a more detailed description. 

©Commonwealth of Australia 2019, Australian Bureau of Meteorology - Issued: 03/06/2019

Minimum temperature deciles for May 2019

Map showing minimum temperature anomalies for Australia. Image provided by the Bureau of Meteorology. Please refer to accompanying text for a more detailed description. 

©Commonwealth of Australia 2019, Australian Bureau of Meteorology - Issued: 03/06/2019

Note: Maximum and minimum temperatures for May 2019 compared with temperature recorded for that period during the historical record (1900 to present). For further information go to Daily maximum temperature for Australia.

Monthly rainfall

Rainfall for May  2019 was mixed across Australia, with particularly low rainfall across much of Western Australia. Additionally, rainfall was well below average across parts of eastern New South Wales and south-eastern Queensland.

May rainfall was well above average to extremely high for parts of southern New South Wales, large areas of Victoria, parts of south-western and northern Queensland, the north and south-east of South Australia and much of the north and south of the Northern Territory.

May  2019 rainfall was above average to extremely high for cropping regions in southern New South Wales, eastern Victoria and western South Australia. Well below average to severely deficient rainfall was recorded across isolated cropping regions in central New South Wales, eastern Queensland, and much of Western Australia.

Rainfall percentiles for May 2019

 

Source: Bureau of Meteorology - Issued: 03/06/2019

Note: Rainfall for May 2019 is compared with rainfall recorded for that period during the historical record (1900 to present). For further information, go to Australian Water Availability Project

Seasonal rainfall

Autumn 2019 was particularly dry across the western half of Australia. Rainfall for the season was severely deficient to well below average for large areas of Western Australia, western and south-eastern South Australia, the west of the Northern Territory, and parts of north-eastern New South Wales, western Victoria, north-western Queensland and eastern Tasmania.

In contrast, two tropical cyclones in March contributed to above average rainfall in Queensland and the Pilbara. Well above average to extremely high rainfall was experienced across much of central and northern Queensland, and parts of western New South Wales, the north-west of Western Australia and east of the Northern Territory.

Autumn 2019 rainfall was well below average to extremely low for cropping regions in northern and central New South Wales, western Victoria, eastern South Australia and much of Western Australia. Autumn rainfall was above average for north-western Queensland and average for the remaining cropping regions.

Rainfall percentiles for autumn 2019 (1 March to 31 May 2019)

 

©Commonwealth of Australia 2018, Australia Bureau of Meteorology - Issued: 03/06/2019

Monthly soil moisture

Upper layer soil moisture in May 2019 was generally average to well above average across western and southern New South Wales, Victoria, Tasmania, the Northern Territory, much of Queensland and South Australia, and the north-east of Western Australia. In contrast, it was extremely low to well below average across eastern New South Wales, south-eastern Queensland and much of Western Australia.

In cropping regions, upper layer soil moisture was generally above average to well above average across part of southern New South Wales, Victoria and South Australia. It was generally extremely low to below average across cropping regions in Queensland and Western Australia, and was average in remaining cropping regions.

Modelled upper layer soil moisture for May 2019

 

Source: Bureau of Meteorology (Australian Water Resources Assessment Landscape model)

Note: This map shows the levels of modelled upper layer soil moisture (0 to 10 centimetres) during May 2019. This map shows how modelled soil conditions during May 2019 compare with May conditions modelled over the reference period (1911 to 2015). Dark blue areas on the maps were much wetter in May 2019 than during the reference period. The dark red areas were much drier than during the reference period. The bulk of plant roots occur in the top 20 centimetres of the soil profile. Soil moisture in the upper layer of the soil profile is therefore useful indicator of the availability of water, particularly for germinating seed.

Lower layer soil moisture for May  2019 was extremely low to well below average across eastern New South Wales, south-eastern Victoria, parts of south-eastern Queensland, parts of south-western, central and northern Western Australia, and north of the Northern Territory. In contrast, it was well above average to extremely high across much of western New South Wales, south-western and central Queensland, and parts of inland Western Australia, north-eastern and southern South Australia and north of the Northern Territory.

In cropping regions, lower layer soil moisture in May was extremely low to well below average across parts of central and north-eastern New South Wales, eastern Queensland and much of Western Australia. Lower layer soil moisture in cropping regions was above average to extremely high across southern New South Wales, central Victoria, western Queensland and western South Australia. Average lower layer soil moisture was recorded across remaining cropping regions.

Modelled lower layer soil moisture for May 2019

 

Source: Bureau of Meteorology (Australian Water Resources Assessment Landscape model)

Note: This map shows the levels of modelled lower layer soil moisture (10 to 100 centimetres) during May 2019. This map shows how modelled soil conditions during May 2019 compare with May conditions modelled over the reference period (1911 to 2015). Dark blue areas on the maps were much wetter in May 2019 than during the reference period. The dark red areas were much drier than during the reference period. The bulk of plant roots occur in the top 20 centimetres of the soil profile. The lower layer soil moisture is a larger, deeper store that is slower to respond to rainfall and tends to reflect accumulated rainfall events over longer time periods.

Rainfall forecast for the next 8 days

During the next eight days, rainfall is expected across north-eastern, south-eastern and western Australia.

Rainfall totals of between 10 and 50 millimetres are forecast for parts of southern New South Wales, Victoria, north-eastern Queensland, the west of Western Australia, south-east South Australia and much of Tasmania. Rainfall in excess of 50 millimetres is forecast for parts of eastern Victoria, south-west Western Australia and western Tasmania.

In cropping regions, rainfall of between 10 and 50 millimetres is expected across southern New South Wales, Victoria, northern Queensland, South Australia and much of Western Australia. Heavier falls in excess of 50 millimetres are forecast for cropping regions in the west of Western Australia. Lighter falls of between 1 and 10 millimetres are expected in the remaining cropping regions of New South Wales, Queensland and Western Australia.

Total forecast rainfall (mm) for the period 6 June to 13 June 2019

Map of the total forecast rainfall for the next 8 days. Image provided by the Bureau of Meteorology. Please refer to accompanying text for a more detailed description. 

©Commonwealth of Australia 2019, Australian Bureau of Meteorology - Issued: 06/06/2019

Note: This rainfall forecast is produced from computer models. As the model outputs are not altered by weather forecasters, it is important to check local forecasts and warnings issued by the Bureau of Meteorology.

Commodities

Current indicators – 6 June 2019

IndicatorWeek endedUnitLatest pricePrice week priorWeekly changePrice 12 months priorYear on year changeChart

Selected World Indicator Prices

Australian Dollar – AUD/USD Exchange Rate05-JunUS$/A$0.70.691%This is an image of an white arrow in a green circle indicating an increase in percentage points.0.76-8%This is an image of a white arrow in a red circle indicating a decrease in percentage points. chart
Wheat – US no. 2 hard red winter wheat, fob Gulf04-JunUS$/t2302195%This is an image of an white arrow in a green circle indicating an increase in percentage points.251-8%This is an image of a white arrow in a red circle indicating a decrease in percentage points. chart
Coarse Grains – US no. 2 yellow corn, fob Gulf05-JunUS$/t1911834%This is an image of an white arrow in a green circle indicating an increase in percentage points.17310%This is an image of an white arrow in a green circle indicating an increase in percentage points. chart
Canola – Rapeseed, Europe, fob Hamburg04-JunUS$/t4154101%This is an image of an white arrow in a green circle indicating an increase in percentage points.4062%This is an image of an white arrow in a green circle indicating an increase in percentage points. chart
Cotton – Cotlook 'A' Index05-JunUSc/lb80.079.11%This is an image of an white arrow in a green circle indicating an increase in percentage points.99.7-20%This is an image of a white arrow in a red circle indicating a decrease in percentage points. chart
Sugar – Intercontinental Exchange, nearby futures, no.11 contract05-JunUSc/lb12.011.63%This is an image of an white arrow in a green circle indicating an increase in percentage points.12.3-2%This is an image of a white arrow in a red circle indicating a decrease in percentage points. chart
Wool – Eastern Market Indicator30-MayAc/kg clean1,8871,8333%This is an image of an white arrow in a green circle indicating an increase in percentage points.2,027-7%This is an image of a white arrow in a red circle indicating a decrease in percentage points. chart
Wool – Western Market Indicator31-MayAc/kg clean1,9921,9373%This is an image of an white arrow in a green circle indicating an increase in percentage points.2,167-8%This is an image of a white arrow in a red circle indicating a decrease in percentage points. chart

Selected domestic crop indicator prices

Milling Wheat – ASW1, track quote, Port Adelaide, SA04-JunA$/t30727611%This is an image of an white arrow in a green circle indicating an increase in percentage points.2906%This is an image of an white arrow in a green circle indicating an increase in percentage points. chart
Feed Wheat – General purpose, Sydney, NSW05-JunA$/t4003805%This is an image of an white arrow in a green circle indicating an increase in percentage points.3757%This is an image of an white arrow in a green circle indicating an increase in percentage points. chart
Feed Barley – Sydney, NSW05-JunA$/t3693690%3505%This is an image of an white arrow in a green circle indicating an increase in percentage points. chart
Canola – Portland, Vic.29-OctA$/t597-na53611%This is an image of an white arrow in a green circle indicating an increase in percentage points. chart
Grain Sorghum – Sydney, NSW05-JunA$/t3603600%410-12%This is an image of a white arrow in a red circle indicating a decrease in percentage points. chart

Selected domestic livestock indicator prices

Beef – Eastern Young Cattle Indicator30-MayAc/kg cwt472469<1%This is an image of an white arrow in a green circle indicating an increase in percentage points.4671%This is an image of an white arrow in a green circle indicating an increase in percentage points. chart
Mutton – Mutton indicator (18–24 kg fat score 2–3), Vic31-MayAc/kg cwt605611<1%This is an image of an white arrow in a green circle indicating an increase in percentage points.48624%This is an image of an white arrow in a green circle indicating an increase in percentage points. chart
Lamb – Eastern States Trade Lamb Indicator30-MayAc/kg cwt8888297%This is an image of an white arrow in a green circle indicating an increase in percentage points.61943%This is an image of an white arrow in a green circle indicating an increase in percentage points. chart
Pig – Eastern Seaboard (60.1–75 kg), average of buyers & sellers24-MayAc/kg cwt344 3382%This is an image of an white arrow in a green circle indicating an increase in percentage points.26032%This is an image of an white arrow in a green circle indicating an increase in percentage points. chart
Goat – Eastern States (12.1–16 kg)03-JunAc/kg cwt9329320%50883%This is an image of an white arrow in a green circle indicating an increase in percentage points. chart
Live cattle – Light steers ex Darwin to Indonesia01-JunAc/kg lwt2902900%26012%This is an image of an white arrow in a green circle indicating an increase in percentage points. chart
Live sheep – Live wether (Muchea WA saleyard) to Middle East13-May$/head13511023%This is an image of an white arrow in a green circle indicating an increase in percentage points.9542%This is an image of an white arrow in a green circle indicating an increase in percentage points. chart

Global Dairy Trade (GDT) weighted average prices a

Dairy – Whole milk powder04-JunUS$/t3,1383,180-1%This is an image of a white arrow in a red circle indicating a decrease in percentage points.3,205-2%This is an image of a white arrow in a red circle indicating a decrease in percentage points. chart
Dairy – Skim milk powder04-JunUS$/t2,4362,529-4%This is an image of a white arrow in a red circle indicating a decrease in percentage points.2,05119%This is an image of an white arrow in a green circle indicating an increase in percentage points. chart
Dairy – Cheddar cheese04-JunUS$/t3,9504,851-19%This is an image of a white arrow in a red circle indicating a decrease in percentage points.3,998-1%This is an image of a white arrow in a red circle indicating a decrease in percentage points. chart
Dairy – Anhydrous milk fat04-JunUS$/t5,7526,140-6%This is an image of a white arrow in a red circle indicating a decrease in percentage points.6,222-8%This is an image of a white arrow in a red circle indicating a decrease in percentage points. chart

a Global Dairy Trade prices are updated twice monthly on the first and third Tuesday of each month.

Selected world indicator prices
Selected domestic crop indicator prices
Selected domestic livestock indicator prices
Global dairy trade weighted average prices
Movements in selected fruit and vegetable prices
Data attribution

Water

Water storages, water markets and water allocations - current week

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Last reviewed: 4 November 2019
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