Weekly update - 8 August 2019

​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​Weekly ​Australian Climate,
Water and Agricultural Update

Key issues

  • During the week ending 7 August 2019 little to no rainfall was recorded across most of Australia, with falls restricted to isolated areas of eastern and southern Australia.
  • Rainfall of between 10 to 25 millimetres recorded across southern Western Australia, will particularly benefit crop and pasture growth in those regions that recorded below average falls during July.
  • Following below average July 2019 rainfall across large areas of southern Australia, 7-month deficiencies have increased over north-eastern New South Wales and south-eastern Queensland, and south-western Western Australia.
  • Over the next eight days, an intense low-pressure system is expected to produce a mix of dangerous weather, including heavy rain, thunderstorms, hail, snow, damaging winds and blizzards across a broad region of south-eastern Australia.
  • Across Australia’s winter cropping regions, the 8-day rainfall forecast indicates falls of between 10 and 25 millimetres are expected across southern Victoria and central South Australia. Lighter falls of between 1 and 10 millimetres are forecast across the remainder of Victoria, South Australia and Western Australia, and across southern New South Wales.
  • Water storage levels in the Murray-Darling Basin (MDB) increased between 30 July and 6 August 2019 by 122 gigalitres (GL). Current volume of water held in storage is 9,653 GL which represents 38% of total capacity. This is 31% or 4,390 GL less than at the same time last year.
  • Allocation prices in the southern Murray-Darling Basin increased from $610 per ML in the week ending 29 July 2019 to $622 per ML in the week ending 5 August 2019.

Climate

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Rainfall this week

During the week ending 7 August 2019 little to no rainfall was recorded across most of Australia, with falls restricted to isolated areas of eastern and southern Australia.

Rainfall of between 10 to 25 millimetres was recorded across winter cropping regions in northern Queensland and southern Western Australia during the week ending 7 August 2019. These falls will particularly benefit crop and pasture growth those areas in southern Western Australia that recorded below average falls during July.

Lighter rainfall between 1 to 10 millimetres was recorded across most remaining winter cropping Queensland and Western Australia during the week ending 7 August 2019. Cropping regions in New South Wales, Victoria and South Australia recorded little to no rainfall.

Rainfall for the week ending 7 August 2019

Map showing weekly rainfall totals in Australia. Image provided by the Bureau of Meteorology. Please refer to accompanying text for a more detailed description. 

©Commonwealth of Australia 2019, Australian Bureau of Meteorology - Issued: 07/08/2019

Note: The rainfall analyses and associated maps utilise data contained in the Bureau of Meteorology climate database, the Australian Data Archive for Meteorology (ADAM). The analyses are initially produced automatically from real-time data with limited quality control. They are intended to provide a general overview of rainfall across Australia as quickly as possible after the observations are received. For further information go to Weekly Rainfall Update.

Temperature anomalies this week

For the week ending 6 August  2019, maximum temperatures were 2°C to 4°C above average across much of eastern New South Wales and large areas of Western Australia, and minimum temperatures were 2°C to 6°C above average across isolated parts of western and northern Australia. In contrast, minimum temperatures were - 2°C to - 8°C below average across most of New South Wales and eastern South Australia. Average (- 2°C to 2°C) minimum and maximum temperatures were recorded across the remainder of the country.

Maximum temperature anomalies for the week ending 6 August 2019

Map showing maximum temperature anomalies for Australia. Image provided by the Bureau of Meteorology. Please refer to accompanying text for a more detailed description 

©Commonwealth of Australia 2019, Australian Bureau of Meteorology - Issued: 06/08/2019

Minimum temperature anomalies for the week ending 6 August 2019

Map showing minimum temperature anomalies for Australia. Image provided by the Bureau of Meteorology. Please refer to accompanying text for a more detailed description. 

©Commonwealth of Australia 2019, Australian Bureau of Meteorology - Issued: 06/08/2019

Note: Spatial temperature analyses are based on historical weekly temperature data provided by the Bureau of Meteorology. These temperature anomaly maps show the departure of the maximum and minimum temperatures from the average over the 1961 to 1990 reference period. For further information go to Daily maximum temperature for Australia.

Rainfall deficiencies

The rainfall deficiencies presented below are sourced from the Bureau of Meteorology’s monthly ‘Drought Statement’. As short to longer-term deficiencies become evident the Bureau of Meteorology monitors these events through their lifecycle—from emergence through to their dissipation—with the time-period of analysis each month increasing from a fixed starting point to the easing of the deficiencies.

For further information, go to Drought

For the 7-month period ending July  2019, north-eastern New South Wales, south-eastern Queensland, large areas of southern and eastern Western Australia, western and central South Australia and much of the Northern Territory recorded rainfall totals in the lowest 5 to 10 per cent of the historical record (serious or severe rainfall deficiencies).

Areas recording rainfall totals in the lowest 5 to 10 per cent of the historical record are also evident at longer timescales. For the 16-months ending July  2019, serious or severe rainfall deficiencies have decreased along the west coast of Western Australia. In contrast, rainfall deficiencies increased in severity and extent across New South Wales, southern Western Australia and southern Queensland. Serious to severe rainfall deficiencies persist across much of northern and western New South Wales, parts of Victoria and south-eastern Queensland, large areas of eastern South Australia, parts of northern and southern Western Australia and much of the Northern Territory (Bureau of Meteorology ‘Drought Statement’, 7 August 2019).

Rainfall deficiencies for the 7 month period 1 January to 31 July 2019

 

©Commonwealth of Australia 2019, Australian Bureau of Meteorology - Issued: 07/08/2019

Rainfall deficiencies for the 16-month period 1 April 2018 to 31 July 2019

 

©Commonwealth of Australia 2019, Australian Bureau of Meteorology - Issued: 07/08/2019

Rainfall forecast for the next 8 days

Over the next eight days, an intense low-pressure system is expected to produce a mix of dangerous weather, including heavy rain, thunderstorms, hail, snow, damaging winds and blizzards across a broad region of south-eastern Australia. However, heavy rainfall is expected to be mainly restricted to the far east and south of Australia, with little to no rainfall forecast for most of the country.

Rainfall of between 10 and 50 millimetres is forecast for parts of southern New South Wales, much of Victoria, the far south and west of Western Australia, southern South Australia and much of Tasmania.  Rainfall of between 50 and 100 millimetres is forecast for alpine regions of New South Wales, parts of southern Victoria and the far south of Tasmania.

In cropping regions, rainfall of between 10 and 25 millimetres is expected across southern Victoria and central South Australia. Lighter falls of between 1 and 10 millimetres are forecast across the remainder of Victoria, South Australia and Western Australia, and across southern New South Wales. Little to no rainfall is expected across Queensland and remaining areas of New South Wales.

Total forecast rainfall (mm) for the period 8 August to 15 August 2019

Map of the total forecast rainfall for the next 8 days. Image provided by the Bureau of Meteorology. Please refer to accompanying text for a more detailed description. 

©Commonwealth of Australia 2019, Australian Bureau of Meteorology - Issued: 15/08/2019

Note: This rainfall forecast is produced from computer models. As the model outputs are not altered by weather forecasters, it is important to check local forecasts and warnings issued by the Bureau of Meteorology.

Commodities

Current indicators – 8 August 2019

IndicatorWeek endedUnitLatest pricePrice week priorWeekly changePrice 12 months priorYear on year changeChart

Selected World Indicator Prices

Australian Dollar – AUD/USD Exchange Rate07-AugUS$/A$0.680.69-1%This is an image of a white arrow in a red circle indicating a decrease in percentage points.0.74-8%This is an image of a white arrow in a red circle indicating a decrease in percentage points. chart
Wheat – US no. 2 hard red winter wheat, fob Gulf06-AugUS$/t211216-2%This is an image of a white arrow in a red circle indicating a decrease in percentage points.260-19%This is an image of a white arrow in a red circle indicating a decrease in percentage points. chart
Coarse Grains – US no. 2 yellow corn, fob Gulf07-AugUS$/t175186-6%This is an image of a white arrow in a red circle indicating a decrease in percentage points.1675%This is an image of an white arrow in a green circle indicating an increase in percentage points. chart
Canola – Rapeseed, Europe, fob Hamburg06-AugUS$/t420423<1%This is an image of a white arrow in a red circle indicating a decrease in percentage points.444-5%This is an image of a white arrow in a red circle indicating a decrease in percentage points. chart
Cotton – Cotlook 'A' Index07-AugUSc/lb71.975.4-5%This is an image of a white arrow in a red circle indicating a decrease in percentage points.98.2-27%This is an image of a white arrow in a red circle indicating a decrease in percentage points. chart
Sugar – Intercontinental Exchange, nearby futures, no.11 contract31-JulUSc/lb12.111.73%This is an image of an white arrow in a green circle indicating an increase in percentage points.10.8 12%This is an image of an white arrow in a green circle indicating an increase in percentage points. chart
Wool – Eastern Market Indicator11-JulAc/kg clean1,7541,7232%This is an image of an white arrow in a green circle indicating an increase in percentage points.1,981-11%This is an image of a white arrow in a red circle indicating a decrease in percentage points. chart
Wool – Western Market Indicator12-JulAc/kg clean1,8941,8671%This is an image of an white arrow in a green circle indicating an increase in percentage points.2,129-11%This is an image of a white arrow in a red circle indicating a decrease in percentage points. chart

Selected domestic crop indicator prices

Milling Wheat – ASW1, track quote, Port Adelaide, SA02-JulA$/t242274-12%This is an image of a white arrow in a red circle indicating a decrease in percentage points.284-15%This is an image of a white arrow in a red circle indicating a decrease in percentage points. chart
Feed Wheat – General purpose, Sydney, NSW07-AugA$/t345350-1%This is an image of a white arrow in a red circle indicating a decrease in percentage points.380-9%This is an image of a white arrow in a red circle indicating a decrease in percentage points. chart
Feed Barley – Sydney, NSW07-AugA$/t3603600%390-8%This is an image of a white arrow in a red circle indicating a decrease in percentage points. chart
Grain Sorghum – Sydney, NSW07-AugA$/t325335-3%This is an image of a white arrow in a red circle indicating a decrease in percentage points.410-21%This is an image of a white arrow in a red circle indicating a decrease in percentage points. chart

Selected domestic livestock indicator prices

Beef – Eastern Young Cattle Indicator01-AugAc/kg cwt533532<1%This is an image of an white arrow in a green circle indicating an increase in percentage points.47712%This is an image of an white arrow in a green circle indicating an increase in percentage points. chart
Mutton – Mutton indicator (18–24 kg fat score 2–3), Vic02-AugAc/kg cwt593599-1%This is an image of a white arrow in a red circle indicating a decrease in percentage points.42839%This is an image of an white arrow in a green circle indicating an increase in percentage points. chart
Lamb – Eastern States Trade Lamb Indicator01-AugAc/kg cwt876926-5%This is an image of a white arrow in a red circle indicating a decrease in percentage points.78811%This is an image of an white arrow in a green circle indicating an increase in percentage points. chart
Pig – Eastern Seaboard (60.1–75 kg), average of buyers & sellers26-JulAc/kg cwt3753643%This is an image of an white arrow in a green circle indicating an increase in percentage points.24752%This is an image of an white arrow in a green circle indicating an increase in percentage points. chart
Goat – Eastern States (12.1–16 kg)05-AugAc/kg cwt902908<1%This is an image of a white arrow in a red circle indicating a decrease in percentage points.56061%This is an image of an white arrow in a green circle indicating an increase in percentage points. chart
Live cattle – Light steers ex Darwin to Indonesia03-AugAc/kg lwt3103100%3003%This is an image of an white arrow in a green circle indicating an increase in percentage points. chart
Live sheep – Live wether (Muchea WA saleyard) to Middle East13-May$/head13511023%This is an image of an white arrow in a green circle indicating an increase in percentage points.9542%This is an image of an white arrow in a green circle indicating an increase in percentage points. chart

Global Dairy Trade (GDT) weighted average prices a

Dairy – Whole milk powder06-AugUS$/t3,0393,074-1%This is an image of a white arrow in a red circle indicating a decrease in percentage points.2,9583%This is an image of an white arrow in a green circle indicating an increase in percentage points. chart
Dairy – Skim milk powder06-AugUS$/t2,4822,505<1%This is an image of a white arrow in a red circle indicating a decrease in percentage points.1,97226%This is an image of an white arrow in a green circle indicating an increase in percentage points. chart
Dairy – Cheddar cheese06-AugUS$/t3,8383,869<1%This is an image of a white arrow in a red circle indicating a decrease in percentage points.3,6635%This is an image of an white arrow in a green circle indicating an increase in percentage points. chart
Dairy – Anhydrous milk fat06-AugUS$/t5,2465,523-5%This is an image of a white arrow in a red circle indicating a decrease in percentage points.5,709-8%This is an image of a white arrow in a red circle indicating a decrease in percentage points. chart

a Global Dairy Trade prices are updated twice monthly on the first and third Tuesday of each month.

Selected world indicator prices
Selected domestic crop indicator prices
Selected domestic livestock indicator prices
Global dairy trade weighted average prices
Movements in selected fruit and vegetable prices
Data attribution

Water

Water storages, water markets and water allocations - current week

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Last reviewed: 4 November 2019
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