About my region – Greater Brisbane Queensland
About my region is a series of individual profiles of the agricultural, forestry and fisheries industries in your region. This regional profile presents an overview of the agriculture, fisheries and forestry sectors in the Greater Brisbane region and the recent Queensland financial performance of the broadacre, dairy and vegetable industries.
The Greater Brisbane region comprises eight local government areas. It includes the city of Brisbane and the regional centres of Caboolture and Ipswich. The region covers a total area of around 15,800 square kilometres or 1 per cent of Queensland’s total area and is home to approximately 2,413,500 people (ABS 2018).
Agricultural land in the Greater Brisbane region occupies 9,600 square kilometres, or 61 per cent of the region. Areas classified as conservation and natural environments (nature conservation, protected areas and minimal use) occupy 2,700 square kilometres, or 17 per cent of the region. The most common land use by area is grazing modified pastures, which occupies 5,200 square kilometres or 33 per cent of the Greater Brisbane region (ABARES 2016).
Australian Bureau of Statistics (ABS) data from the November 2019 Labour Force Survey indicate that around 1.3 million people were employed in the Greater Brisbane region. The region accounts for 50 per cent of total employment in Queensland and 14 per cent of all people employed in the Queensland agriculture, forestry and fishing sector.
Health care and social assistance was the largest employment sector with 176,600 people, followed by construction with 119,700 people, and retail trade with 119,200 people. Other important employment sectors in the region were, professional, scientific and technical services; education and training; and accommodation and food services. The agriculture, forestry and fishing sector employed 10,700 people, representing 1 per cent of the region's workforce.
Value of agricultural production
In 2017-18, the gross value of agricultural production in the Greater Brisbane region was $993 million, which was 7 per cent of the total gross value of agricultural production in Queensland ($13 billion).
The Greater Brisbane region has a diverse agricultural sector. The most important commodities in the Greater Brisbane region based on the gross value of agricultural production were poultry ($225 million), followed by strawberries ($117 million) and by cattle and calves ($114 million). These commodities together contributed 46 per cent of the total value of agricultural production in the region. In 2017–18 the Greater Brisbane region accounted for around 78 per cent ($34 million) of the total value of Queensland's carrots production.
Number and type of farms
ABS data indicate that in 2017–18 there were 1,276 farms in the Greater Brisbane region with an estimated value of agricultural operations of $40,000 or more. The region contains 7 per cent of all farm businesses in Queensland.
|Industry classification||Greater Brisbane region||Queensland|
|Number of farms||% of Region||Number of farms||Contribution of region to state total %|
|Beef Cattle Farming (Specialised)||503||39.5||8,288||6.1|
|Vegetable Growing (Outdoors)||221||17.4||639||34.7|
|Dairy Cattle Farming||123||9.6||423||29.0|
|Poultry Farming (Meat)||58||4.5||92||62.8|
|Other Fruit and Tree Nut Growing||43||3.4||761||5.6|
|Berry Fruit Growing||38||2.9||82||45.8|
|Other Crop Growing nec||34||2.7||238||14.3|
|Nursery Production (Outdoors)||27||2.1||78||34.3|
Note: Estimated value of agricultural operations $40,000 or more. Industries that constitute less than 1 per cent of the region's industry are not shown. nec Not elsewhere classified
Source: Australian Bureau of Statistics 2019
Farms in the table above are classified according to the activities that generate most of their value of production. Beef cattle farms (503 farms) were the most common, accounting for 39 per cent of all farms in the Greater Brisbane region, and 6 per cent of all beef farms in Queensland.
Estimated value of agricultural operations (EVAO) is a measure of the value of production from farms and a measure of their business size. Around 42 per cent of farms in the Greater Brisbane region had an EVAO between $50,000 and $150,000. These farms accounted for only 7 per cent of the total value of agricultural operations in 2017–18. In comparison, 12 per cent of farms in the region had an EVAO of more than $1 million and accounted for an estimated 61 per cent of the total value of agricultural operations in the Greater Brisbane region in 2017–18.
Farm financial performance
Estimates of financial performance are available for all broadacre, diary and vegetable farms in Queensland.
The Greater Brisbane area is a key commercial fishing area in Queensland. The coastal area contains Moreton Bay, Moreton Island, North and South Stradbroke Island. The waters of Moreton Bay are within the Queensland Moreton Bay Marine Park. The marine park has five types of zones that allow different types of use and afford various levels of protection. Wild-caught species in the area include prawns (greasyback, banana and school prawns), a principal catch of the River and Inshore Beam Trawl Fishery, which is a subsector of the Queensland East Coast Trawl fishery. Blue swimmer crabs are also caught in the area—Moreton Bay is a high catch and effort region for this species. Common finfish species targeted by commercial fishers in the area are dusky and bartail flathead. The coastal areas in the vicinity of Moreton Bay are also popular for recreational fishing. The key recreational finfish species targeted are flathead, crabs, prawns and squid.
The Brisbane and Moreton area produced 3.1 tonnes of aquaculture production in 2016–17 utilising a pond area of 0.4 hectares (Lobegeiger 2018). Aquaculture species produced in the Moreton area are prawns and Sydney rock oysters.
Although the participation rate (14 per cent) of Greater Brisbane region residents in recreational fishing is much lower than in regional centres, the large population means that 37 per cent of Queensland fishers live in this region (Taylor et al 2012). Greater Brisbane residents mostly fish in south-eastern Queensland, with equal amounts of fishing effort in estuarine and coastal waters. More days are spent fishing from the shore than from boats. The most numerous species harvested by Brisbane residents were sand whiting, trumpeter whiting, yellowfin bream, tailor, dusky flathead, blue swimmer crab and mud crab. The results of the 2010 statewide recreational fishing survey revealed that Brisbane region residents caught over 95 per cent of the Queensland harvest of blue swimmer crab and about half the harvest of whiting, tailor, snapper and pearl perch.
In 2015–16 the total gross value of Queensland's fisheries production was $291.1 million, a decrease of 1 per cent ($2.1 million) from 2014-15. Queensland contributed 10 per cent of the total value of Australian fisheries production in 2015–16. In value terms, the wild-catch sector accounted for 60 per cent ($175.9 million) of the state's total production and the aquaculture sector accounted for the remaining 40 per cent ($118.3 million).
Queensland's wild-catch fisheries sector provides a range of fisheries products. The highest contribution being from prawns, which account for 36 per cent of the total value of wild-catch fisheries production with a value of $62.7 million, followed by coral trout (15 per cent; $26.8 million) and crabs (14 per cent; $24.2 million). Over the last decade the real value of Queensland's wild-caught fisheries products has reduced by 37 per cent. Prawns, snapper and shark, showed the largest decline in the value of production over the past decade, reducing by 35 per cent, 77 per cent and 66 per cent respectively. Competition from imported prawns in the domestic market has also placed significant downward pressure on prices in recent years.
The value of Queensland's aquaculture production has increased by 4 per cent in 2015–16 to $118.3 million. Prawn and barramundi farming account for the largest share of production by value, with prawns accounting for 68 per cent, and $80.5 million of production, followed by barramundi (25 per cent; $29.3 million).
Commonwealth fisheries active in the waters off the east coast of Queensland include the Commonwealth Eastern Tuna and Billfish fishery (mainly supplying export markets with tuna) and the Coral Sea Fishery.
In 2015–16, Queensland's fisheries product exports were valued at $199.6 million. The main export products include live and fresh, chilled or frozen fish, prawns and rock lobster Hong Kong, Japan and the United States are the major destinations for Queensland fisheries exports, accounting for 42 per cent, 17 per cent and 14 per cent of the total value of exports in 2015–16, respectively. Other major export destinations include China (7 per cent) and Vietnam (4 per cent).
Recreational fishing is popular in Queensland. The results of the 2013–14 state wide and regional recreational fishing survey report that recreational fishing continues to be a popular activity; however the participation rate has dropped from 17 per cent in 2010 to 15 per cent in 2013. In the 12 months prior to November 2013 approximately 700,000 Queenslanders went recreational fishing (QDAFF 2015). Total expenditure in the sector is estimated to be between $350 million and $420 million in 2008–09 (DEEDI 2009). The tropical waters of Queensland are also a key area for tourism, attracting anglers from around the world and Australia. Popular target species include crabs, prawns and a range of finfish species including cods and groupers, coral trout, redthroat emperor, rosy snapper, and mackerel. For freshwater activity some key species caught include barramundi, eels, silver perch, and yabby and blueclaw crayfish.
In 2014–15, the most recent year for which regional data are available, the total plantation area in the Greater Brisbane region was 27,600 hectares, comprised of 3,200 hectares of hardwood plantations and 24,500 hectares of softwood plantations. The main hardwood plantation species in Queensland is Dunns white gum (Eucalyptus dunnii). The main softwood plantation species in Queensland are Slash Pine hybrid (Pinus elliottii hybrid), Southern Pine hybrid (Pinus caribaea hybrid) and Hoop pines (Araucaria cunninghamii).
In 2016 there were 655,000 hectares of native forests in the Greater Brisbane region, comprised mainly of Eucalypt Medium Open (282,000 hectares), Other native forest (166,300 hectares) and Eucalypt Medium Woodland (99,700 hectares). The majority of the native forests were privately managed (427,000 hectares), while 127,700 hectares were in conservation reserves and 55,700 hectares were on multiple use public forest available for timber production.
Queensland state data
In 2017–18, the total plantation area in Queensland was 230,500 hectares, comprised of 34,800 hectares of hardwood plantations and 195,600 hectares of softwood plantations.
In 2016, Queensland had 77 sawmills (including 31 softwood sawmills), 3 post and pole processors, 6 wood-based panel processors and 2 paper and paperboard processors.
In 2016, there were 51.6 million hectares of native forests in Queensland, comprised mainly of Eucalypt Medium Woodland (27.1 million hectares), Melaleuca (5.1 million hectares) and Acacia (5.1 million hectares).
In 2017–18 the volume of native hardwood logs harvested in Queensland was 279 thousand cubic metres valued at $39.7 million. There were no plantation hardwood logs harvested in this period. The volume of softwood logs harvested was 2.9 million cubic metres valued at $257.6 million.
In 2017–18, the estimated sales and service income generated from the sale of wood products in Queensland was $2.6 billion. Sales and service income for paper and paper products is not available for 2017–18.
In 2016 the Queensland forestry sector employed 9,520 workers (0.45 per cent) of the total employed workforce in Queensland compared with 12,840 (0.63 per cent) in 2011. The number of people employed includes the following categories: forestry and logging, forestry support services, wood product manufacturing and pulp, paper and converted paper product manufacturing.
ABARES 2016, Land Use of Australia 2010–11, ABARES, Canberra, May.
ABARES 2018, Catchment scale land use of Australia – December 2018, Canberra, December.
ABS 2018, Population by Age and Sex, Regions of Australia, 2017, cat. no. 3235.0 Australian Bureau of Statistics, Canberra, accessed 10 January 2019.
ABS 2019a Labour Force, Australia, Detailed, Quarterly, November 2019, cat. no. 6291.0 Australian Bureau of Statistics, Canberra, accessed 15 January 2020.
ABS 2019b Value of Agricultural Commodities Produced, Australia, 2017-18, cat. no. 7503.0 Australian Bureau of Statistics, Canberra, accessed 15 May 2019.
DEEDI 2009, Prospects for Queensland's primary industries 2009–10, Department of Employment, Economic Development and Innovation, Brisbane, Queensland.
Lobegeiger, R, 2018, Aquaculture production summary for Queensland 2016–17, Queensland Government.
QDAF 2015, Statewide recreational Fishing Surveys, Department of Agriculture and Fisheries, Brisbane, Queensland.
Taylor, S, Webley, J & McInnes, K 2012, 2010 Statewide Recreational Fishing Survey, Department of Agriculture, Fisheries and Forestry, Brisbane, Queensland.