About my region – Mid North Coast New South Wales
About my region is a series of individual profiles of the agricultural, forestry and fisheries industries in your region. This regional profile presents an overview of the agriculture, fisheries and forestry sectors in the Mid North Coast region and the recent New South Wales financial performance of the broadacre, dairy and vegetable industries.
The Mid North Coast region of New South Wales is located north of Newcastle. The region includes the major towns of Port Macquarie and Taree and comprises the four local government areas of Kempsey, Mid-Coast, Nambucca, and Port Macquarie—Hastings. It also includes a part of the Armidale Regional local government area in the north-west. The region covers a total area of around 18,800 square kilometres or 2 per cent of New South Wales and is home to approximately 218,300 people (ABS 2018).
Agricultural land in the Mid North Coast region occupies 9,700 square kilometres, or 51 per cent of the region. Areas classified as conservation and natural environments (nature conservation, protected areas and minimal use) occupy 6,000 square kilometres, or 32 per cent of the region. The most common land use by area is grazing modified pastures, which occupies 5,100 square kilometres or 27 per cent of the Mid North Coast region.
Australian Bureau of Statistics (ABS) data from the May 2020 Labour Force Survey indicate that around 82,800 people were employed in the Mid North Coast region. The region accounts for 2 per cent of total employment in New South Wales and 3 per cent of all people employed in the New South Wales agriculture, forestry and fishing sector.
Health care and social assistance was the largest employment sector with 19,400 people, followed by retail trade with 9,500 people, and construction with 8,500 people. Other important employment sectors in the region were accommodation and food services; manufacturing; and education and training. The agriculture, forestry and fishing sector employed 2,800 people, representing 3 per cent of the region's workforce.
Value of agricultural production
In 2018–19, the gross value of agricultural production in the Mid North Coast region was $468 million, which was 4 per cent of the total gross value of agricultural production in New South Wales ($11.7 billion).
The Mid North Coast region has a diverse agricultural sector. The most important commodities in the region based on the gross value of agricultural production were cattle and calves ($153 million) followed by milk ($143 million) and poultry ($41 million). These commodities together contributed 72 per cent of the total value of agricultural production in the region. In 2018–19 the Mid North Coast region accounted for 50 per cent ($20 million) of the total value of the state's avocado production.
Number and type of farms
ABS data indicate that in 2017–18 there were 936 farms in the Mid North Coast region with an estimated value of agricultural operations of $40,000 or more. The region contains 4 per cent of all farm businesses in New South Wales.
|Industry classification||Mid north Coast region||New South Wales|
|Number of farms||% of Region||Number of farms||Contribution of region
to state total
|Beef Cattle Farming (Specialised)||545||58.2||6,250||8.7|
|Dairy Cattle Farming||167||17.8||691||24.1|
|Other Fruit and Tree Nut Growing||67||7.2||538||12.5|
|Vegetable Growing (Outdoors)||22||2.3||582||3.8|
|Poultry Farming (Eggs)||16||1.7||107||14.9|
|Poultry Farming (Meat)||14||1.5||212||6.7|
|Floriculture Production (Outdoors)||10||1.1||105||9.9|
|Berry Fruit Growing||9||1.0||141||6.7|
Note: Estimated value of agricultural operations $40,000 or more. Industries that constitute less than 1 per cent of the region's industry are not shown.
Source: Australian Bureau of Statistics 2019
Farms in the table above are classified according to the activities that generate most of their value of production. Beef cattle farms (545 farms) were the most common, accounting for 58 per cent of all farms in the Mid North Coast region, and 9 per cent of all beef cattle farms in New South Wales.
Estimated value of agricultural operations (EVAO) is a measure of the value of production from farms and a measure of their business size. Around 48 per cent of farms in the Mid North Coast region had an EVAO between $50,000 and $150,000. These farms accounted for only 10 per cent of the total value of agricultural operations in 2017–18. In comparison, 10 per cent of farms in the region had an EVAO of more than $1 million and accounted for an estimated 54 per cent of the total value of agricultural operations in the Mid North Coast region in 2017–18.
Farm financial performance
Estimates of financial performance are available for all broadacre, dairy and vegetable farms in New South Wales.
The New South Wales Mid North Coast region includes Port Macquarie, a key landing area for state fisheries, and Tuncurry, a landing area for Commonwealth fisheries. The Wallis Lake Estuary is also in the region and an important area for aquaculture Oysters.
The state fisheries operating in the area include the Ocean Prawn Trawl Fishery and the Ocean Trap and Line Fishery. A range of species are targeted by these fisheries and landed in the region, including King Prawns, School Prawns, Royal Red Prawns, Balmain Bugs, Silver Trevally, Tiger Flathead, Redfish, Southern Calamari, School Whiting, Leatherjackets and Crabs (NSW DPI 2007).
Recreational fishing is also popular in the Mid North Coast region, for both local and state-wide residents. Breams were the most commonly caught species in the region, followed by Dusky Flathead, Sand Flathead, Tailors, Sand Whiting, Prawns and Breams (West et al 2015). Forty-four per cent of fishing effort was attributed to local fishers, followed by fishers from Sydney (29%) and the Hunter (12%) (West et al 2015). Gamefishing is also a popular recreational pursuit in the region, targeting larger finfish species such as Tuna, Marlin and Billfish.
Sydney Rock Oyster is the principal aquaculture species grown in New South Wales, accounting for 67% of the value all aquaculture species grown in New South Wales, with a value of $53.6 million in 2018–19 (Gippel 2020). The Mid North Coast Region is a key region for Sydney Rock Oyster production, producing over 2.5 million dozens of Oysters with a combined value of $21.1 million in 2018–19. The key producing area in the region is Wallis Lake, which produced 1.55 million dozen Sydney Rock Oysters in 2018–19, at a value of $13.1 million. Other Sydney Rock Oyster producing areas in the region include Camden Haven ($3.2 million), the Hastings River estuary ($2.4 million), the Manning River Estuary ($1.1 million), the Macleay River ($0.8 million) and the Nambucca River Estuary ($0.4 million).
New South Wales state data
In 2017–18 the gross value product (GVP) of New South Wales fisheries production was $170.2 million, increasing by 11% ($16.3 million) from 2016–17. New South Wales contributed 5% of the total gross value of Australian fisheries production in 2017–18. In value terms, the wild-catch sector accounted for 58.5% ($99.5 million) of the state's total production and the aquaculture sector accounted for the remaining 41.5% ($70.7 million).
New South Wales wild-catch fishery production increased by 11% ($10.2 million) to $99.5 million in 2017–18. Finfish species contributed 46% of the total New South Wales wild-catch production, valued at $45.6 million, while Crustaceans contributed 44% to the total production. The most valuable Finfish species landed were Sea Mullet ($10.2 million), Eastern School Whiting ($5 million) and Black and Yellowfin Bream ($3.2 million). Prawns contributed 20% of the total value of wild-catch fisheries with a value of $19.6 million, while Eastern Rock Lobster contributed $11.6 million and Crabs $8.4 million. Abalone GVP increased by 50% to $5.5 million from 2016–17, despite an 11% decline in catch volume. The increase in wild-catch Abalone GVP was driven by a unit price increase due to growing demand from China.
In 2017–18 the value of New South Wales aquaculture production increased by 9% ($6.1 million) to $70.7 million. Oysters production (largely Sydney Rock Oysters) made the greatest contribution to New South Wales aquaculture production, increasing by 14% to $51.8 million – the highest value since 2003–04. Prawns ($5.8 million) and Finfish aquaculture species, including Silver Perch ($2.8 million), Trouts ($2.7 million) and Barramundi ($0.7 million) make up most of the remaining aquaculture production.
Commonwealth fisheries active in New South Wales include the Small Pelagic Fishery, the Eastern Tuna and Billfish fishery (mainly supplying export markets with Tunas) and the Commonwealth trawl sector of the Southern and Eastern Scalefish and Shark fishery. The Southern Squid Jig Fishery also operates in the waters of New South Wales.
In 2018–19, New South Wales fisheries product exports were valued at $28.8 million. The main export products include live and fresh, chilled or frozen Finfish, Tropical Rock Lobsters, and Abalone. Japan and China are the major destinations for New South Wales fisheries exports, accounting for 44% and 18% of the total value of exports in 2018–19, respectively. Other major export destinations include United States of America (14%) and Vietnam (8%).
The New South Wales coastline is an important recreational fishing area, with a multitude of inlets and estuaries from which to fish. There are also a range of game fishing tournaments throughout the year, including in the Bermagui and Port Stephens areas, targeting Tunas and Marlin species. New South Wales also contains several recreational only fishing areas, especially in the far south coast of New South Wales, a popular destination for both marine and freshwater recreational fishers. A large number of recreational fishers also fish in the Greater Sydney area, stretching from Newcastle to the Illawarra area, and comprising the city areas of Newcastle, Sydney, and Wollongong. Species commonly targeted in the area include Yellowfin Bream, Dusky Flathead, Blue Swimmer Crab, Squids, and Southern Calamari (Steffe & Murphy 2011).
Note: Where applicable the Australian Fish Names Standard AS SSA 5300-2019 is now used in this section. In this section standard fish names for groups of species or species families are not capitalised and employ the use of initial capital letters.
In 2014–15 the most recent year for which regional data are available, the total plantation area in the Mid North Coast region was about 14,100 hectares, comprised of 13,480 hectares of hardwood plantations and 650 hectares of softwood plantations. The main hardwood plantation species in New South Wales are Dunns white gum (Eucalyptus dunnii), blackbutt (Eucalyptus pilularis) and shining gum (Eucalyptus nitens). The main softwood plantation species in New South Wales are radiata pine (Pinus radiata) and other pine species (various).
In 2016 there were about 1.3 million hectares of native forests in the Mid North Coast region, comprised mainly of Eucalypt Tall Open (627,200 hectares), Eucalypt Medium Open (275,600 hectares) and Rainforest (185,000 hectares). The majority of the native forests were privately managed (616,300 hectares), while 378,500 hectares were in conservation reserves and 245,500 hectares were on multiple use public forest available for timber production.
New South Wales state data
In 2017–18, the total plantation area in New South Wales was 393,200 hectares, comprised of 87,100 hectares of hardwood plantations and 306,000 hectares of softwood plantations.
In 2016, New South Wales had 85 sawmills (including 17 softwood sawmills), 2 post and pole processors, 7 wood based panel processors and 5 paper and paperboard processors.
In 2016, there were 19.9 million hectares of native forests in New South Wales, comprised mainly of Eucalypt Medium Woodland (6.0 million hectares), Eucalypt Medium Open (4.7 million hectares) and Eucalypt Tall Open (2.3 million hectares).
In 2017–18, the volume of native hardwood logs harvested in New South Wales was 977,000 cubic metres, valued at $128.5 million. The volume of plantation hardwood logs harvested in New South Wales was 254,000 cubic metres, valued at $21.9 million. The volume of plantation softwood logs harvested in New South Wales was 5.0 million cubic metres, valued at $393.5 million.
In 2017–18, the estimated sales and service income generated from the sale of wood products in New South Wales was $4.7 billion and for paper and paper products was $4.0 billion.
In 2016, the New South Wales forestry sector employed 16,396 workers (0.52 per cent of the total employed workforce in New South Wales) compared with 21,082 (0.62 per cent) in 2011. The number of people employed includes the following categories: forestry and logging, forestry support services, wood product manufacturing and pulp, paper and converted paper product manufacturing.
ABARES 2016, Land Use of Australia 2010–11, ABARES, Canberra, May.
ABARES 2018, Catchment scale land use of Australia – December 2018, Canberra, December.
ABS 2018, Population by Age and Sex, Regions of Australia, 2017, cat. no. 3235.0 Australian Bureau of Statistics, Canberra, accessed 10 January 2019.
ABS 2020a, Labour Force, Australia, Detailed, Quarterly, May 2020, cat. no. 6291.0 Australian Bureau of Statistics, Canberra, accessed 30 June 2020.
ABS 2020b, Value of Agricultural Commodities Produced, Australia, 2018-19, cat. no. 7503.0 Australian Bureau of Statistics, Canberra, accessed 29 May 2020.
Gippel, E 2020, Aquaculture production report 2018–2019 (PDF 1.86 MB), NSW Department of Primary Industries, New South Wales.
NSW DPI 2007 Fishery Management Strategy for the Ocean Trawl Fishery (PDF 4.9 MB), NSW Department of Primary Industries, New South Wales.
Steffe, AS & Murphy, JJ 2011, Recreational fishing surveys in the Greater Sydney Region. Fisheries final report series, no. 131, NSW Department of Primary Industries, Cronulla, New South Wales.
West et al. 2015, Survey of recreational fishing in New South Wales and the ACT, 2013/14 (PDF 3.8 MB), NSW Department of Primary Industries, New South Wales.