About my region — Capital Region New South Wales
About my region is a series of individual profiles of the agricultural, forestry and fisheries industries in your region. This regional profile presents an overview of the agriculture, fisheries, and forestry sectors in the Capital region and the recent financial performance of the New South Wales broadacre, dairy and vegetable industries.
The Capital region of New South Wales is located in the south–east of the state from the southern tablelands, east around the ACT, to the far south coast. The region comprises the eight local government areas of Bega Valley, Eurobodalla, Goulburn Mulwaree, Hilltops, Queanbeyan-Palerang, Snowy-Monaro, Upper Lachlan Shire, Yass Valley, and small parts of Shoalhaven, Snowy Valleys, and Wingecarribee. The region covers a total area of around 51,900 square kilometres or 6 per cent of New South Wales and is home to approximately 225,700 people (ABS 2018).
Agricultural land in the Capital region occupies 33,400 square kilometres, or 64 per cent of the region. Areas classified as conservation and natural environments (nature conservation, protected areas and minimal use) occupy 12,900 square kilometres, or 25 per cent of the region. The most common land use by area is grazing modified pastures, which occupies 25,200 square kilometres or 49 per cent of the Capital region (ABARES 2016).
Australian Bureau of Statistics (ABS) data from the August 2020 Labour Force Survey indicate that around 113,000 people were employed in the Capital region. The region accounts for 3 per cent of total employment in New South Wales and 5 per cent of all people employed in the New South Wales agriculture, forestry, and fishing sector.
Public administration and safety was the largest employment sector with 18,400 people, followed by retail trade with 13,900 people, and health care and social assistance with 13,000 people. Other important employment sectors in the region were construction; accommodation and food services; and professional, scientific and technical services. The agriculture, forestry, and fishing sector employed 3,900 people, representing 3 per cent of the region's workforce.
Value of agricultural production
In 2018–19, the gross value of agricultural production in the Capital Region was $976 million, which was 8 per cent of the total gross value of agricultural production in New South Wales of $11.7 billion.
The Capital Region has a diverse agricultural sector. The most important commodities in the region based on the gross value of agricultural production were cattle and calves ($268 million), followed by wool ($224 million), and sheep and lambs ($207 million). These commodities together contributed 72 per cent of the total value of agricultural production in the region. Additionally, in 2018–19 the Capital Region accounted for 36 per cent ($9 million) of the total value of the state's cherry production.
Number and type of farms
ABS data indicate that in 2018–19 there were 2,603 farms in the Capital Region with an estimated value of agricultural operations of $40,000 or more. The region contains 11 per cent of all farm businesses in New South Wales.
|Industry classification||Capital Region||New South Wales|
|Number of farms||% of Region||Number of farms||Contribution of region to state total %|
|Sheep Farming (Specialised)||995||38.2||3,786||26.3|
|Beef Cattle Farming (Specialised)||586||22.5||7,009||8.4|
|Sheep-Beef Cattle Farming||514||19.8||2,593||19.8|
|Grain-Sheep or Grain-Beef Cattle Farming||122||4.7||3,037||4.0|
|Dairy Cattle Farming||47||1.8||709||6.6|
|Poultry Farming (Meat)||38||1.5||206||18.6|
|Stone Fruit Growing||38||1.5||85||44.8|
|Other Grain Growing||36||1.4||1,904||1.9|
Note: Estimated value of agricultural operations $40,000 or more. Industries that constitute less than 1 per cent of the region's industry are not shown.
Source: Australian Bureau of Statistics, Customised report, 2020
Farms in the table above are classified according to the activities that generate most of their value of production. Sheep farms (995 farms) were the most common, accounting for 38 per cent of all farms in the Capital Region, and 26 per cent of all sheep farms in New South Wales.
Estimated value of agricultural operations (EVAO) is a measure of the value of production from farms and a measure of their business size. Around 51 per cent of farms in the Capital Region had an EVAO between $50,000 and $150,000. These farms accounted for only 15 per cent of the total value of agricultural operations in 2018–19. In comparison, 15 per cent of farms in the region had an EVAO of more than $500,000 and accounted for an estimated 55 per cent of the total value of agricultural operations in the Capital Region in 2018–19.
Farm financial performance
Estimates of financial performance are available for all broadacre, beef, sheep, grains, dairy and vegetable farms in New South Wales.
The coastline of the Capital Region extends from the Kioloa State Forest, north of Batemans Bay, to the Victorian border. As such, the area includes a number of fishing ports, including Eden, Bermagui, Narooma and Batemans Bay. In 2018–19, Commonwealth fisheries landed a total of 8,781 tonnes in Eden including 1,618 tonnes of Tiger Flathead, 1,231 tonnes of Blue Grenadier, 885 tonnes of Pink Ling and 818 tonnes of Orange Roughy. In the same financial year a further 1,428 tonnes was landed in Bermagui, including 683 tonnes of Southern Bluefin Tuna, 110 tonnes of Yellowfin Tuna, 97 tonnes of Albacore and 95 tonnes of Tiger Flathead. In total 76.5% of the Commonwealth catch landed in the region was from the Commonwealth Trawl Sector and a further 10% from the Eastern Tuna and Billfish Fishery.
Sydney Rock Oyster is the principal aquaculture species grown in New South Wales, accounting for 67% ($53.6 million) of all aquaculture in the state in 2018–19 (Gippel 2020). The Capital Region is estimated to have produced around 2.1 million dozens of Sydney Rock Oysters in 2018–19, at a combined value of $18.2 million. The region is home to several important producing areas including the Clyde River and Merimbula Lake, which accounted for 9% ($4.8 million) and 9.2% ($5 million) of total New South Wales production value of this species, respectively. Other areas of Sydney Rock Oyster production in the region include Pambula River ($2.4 million), Wagonga Inlet ($2.36 million) and Waponga Lake ($1.7 million).
New South Wales state data
In 2017–18 the gross value product (GVP) of New South Wales fisheries production was $170.2 million, increasing by 11% ($16.3 million) from 2016–17. New South Wales contributed 5% of the total gross value of Australian fisheries production in 2017–18. In value terms, the wild-catch sector accounted for 58.5% ($99.5 million) of the state's total production and the aquaculture sector accounted for the remaining 41.5% ($70.7 million).
New South Wales wild-catch fishery production increased by 11% ($10.2 million) to $99.5 million in 2017–18. Finfish species contributed 46% of the total New South Wales wild-catch production, valued at $45.6 million, while Crustaceans contributed 44% to the total production. The most valuable Finfish species landed were Sea Mullet ($10.2 million), Eastern School Whiting ($5 million) and Black and Yellowfin Bream ($3.2 million). Prawns contributed 20% of the total value of wild-catch fisheries with a value of $19.6 million, while Eastern Rock Lobster contributed $11.6 million and Crabs $8.4 million. Abalone GVP increased by 50% to $5.5 million from 2016–17, despite an 11% decline in catch volume. The increase in wild-catch Abalone GVP was driven by a unit price increase due to growing demand from China.
In 2017–18 the value of New South Wales aquaculture production increased by 9% ($6.1 million) to $70.7 million. Oysters production (largely Sydney Rock Oysters) made the greatest contribution to New South Wales aquaculture production, increasing by 14% to $51.8 million – the highest value since 2003–04. Prawns ($5.8 million) and Finfish aquaculture species, including Silver Perch ($2.8 million), Trouts ($2.7 million) and Barramundi ($0.7 million) make up most of the remaining aquaculture production.
Commonwealth fisheries active in New South Wales include the Small Pelagic Fishery, the Eastern Tuna and Billfish fishery (mainly supplying export markets with Tunas) and the Commonwealth trawl sector of the Southern and Eastern Scalefish and Shark fishery. The Southern Squid Jig Fishery also operates in the waters of New South Wales.
In 2018–19, New South Wales fisheries product exports were valued at $28.8 million. The main export products include live and fresh, chilled or frozen Finfish, Tropical Rock Lobsters, and Abalone. Japan and China are the major destinations for New South Wales fisheries exports, accounting for 44% and 18% of the total value of exports in 2018–19, respectively. Other major export destinations include United States of America (14%) and Vietnam (8%).
The New South Wales coastline is an important recreational fishing area, with a multitude of inlets and estuaries from which to fish. There are also a range of game fishing tournaments throughout the year, including in the Bermagui and Port Stephens areas, targeting Tunas and Marlin species. New South Wales also contains several recreational only fishing areas, especially in the far south coast of New South Wales, a popular destination for both marine and freshwater recreational fishers. A large number of recreational fishers also fish in the Greater Sydney area, stretching from Newcastle to the Illawarra area, and comprising the city areas of Newcastle, Sydney, and Wollongong. Species commonly targeted in the area include Yellowfin Bream, Dusky Flathead, Blue Swimmer Crab, Squids, and Southern Calamari (Steffe & Murphy 2011).
Note: Where applicable the Australian Fish Names Standard AS SSA 5300-2019 is now used in this section. In this section standard fish names for groups of species or species families are not capitalised and employ the use of initial capital letters.
In 2014–15 the most recent year for which regional data are available, the total plantation area in the Capital Region was about 56,400 hectares, comprised of 4,290 hectares of hardwood plantations and 52,110 hectares of softwood plantations. The main hardwood plantation species in New South Wales are Dunns white gum (Eucalyptus dunnii), blackbutt (Eucalyptus pilularis) and shining gum (Eucalyptus nitens). The main softwood plantation species in New South Wales are radiata pine (Pinus radiata) and other pine species (various).
In 2016 there were about 2.3 million hectares of native forests in the Capital Region, comprised mainly of Eucalypt Medium Open (1.0 million hectares), Eucalypt Medium Woodland (765,900 hectares) and Eucalypt Tall Open (192,300 hectares). The majority of the native forests were privately managed (939,900 hectares), while 931,000 hectares were in conservation reserves and 323,200 hectares were on multiple use public forest available for timber production.
New South Wales state data
In 2017–18, the total plantation area in New South Wales was 393,200 hectares, comprised of 87,100 hectares of hardwood plantations and 306,000 hectares of softwood plantations.
In 2016, New South Wales had 85 sawmills (including 17 softwood sawmills), 2 post and pole processors, 7 wood based panel processors and 5 paper and paperboard processors.
In 2016, there were 19.9 million hectares of native forests in New South Wales, comprised mainly of Eucalypt Medium Woodland (6.0 million hectares), Eucalypt Medium Open (4.7 million hectares) and Eucalypt Tall Open (2.3 million hectares).
In 2017–18, the volume of native hardwood logs harvested in New South Wales was 977,000 cubic metres, valued at $128.5 million. The volume of plantation hardwood logs harvested in New South Wales was 254,000 cubic metres, valued at $21.9 million. The volume of plantation softwood logs harvested in New South Wales was 5.0 million cubic metres, valued at $393.5 million.
In 2017–18, the estimated sales and service income generated from the sale of wood products in New South Wales was $4.7 billion and for paper and paper products was $4.0 billion.
In 2016, the New South Wales forestry sector employed 16,396 workers (0.52 per cent of the total employed workforce in New South Wales) compared with 21,082 (0.62 per cent) in 2011. The number of people employed includes the following categories: forestry and logging, forestry support services, wood product manufacturing and pulp, paper and converted paper product manufacturing.
ABARES 2016, Land Use of Australia 2010–11, ABARES, Canberra, May.
ABARES 2018, Catchment scale land use of Australia – December 2018, Canberra, December.
ABS 2018, Population by Age and Sex, Regions of Australia, 2017, cat. no. 3235.0 Australian Bureau of Statistics, Canberra, accessed 10 January 2019.
ABS 2020a, Labour Force, Australia, Detailed, Quarterly, August 2020, cat. no. 6291.0 Australian Bureau of Statistics, Canberra, accessed 12 December 2020.
ABS 2020b, Value of Agricultural Commodities Produced, Australia, 2018-19, cat. no. 7503.0 Australian Bureau of Statistics, Canberra, accessed 29 May 2020.
Gippel, E 2020, Aquaculture production report 2018–2019 (PDF 1.86 MB), NSW Department of Primary Industries, New South Wales.
Steffe, AS & Murphy, JJ 2011, Recreational fishing surveys in the Greater Sydney Region. Fisheries final report series, no. 131, NSW Department of Primary Industries, Cronulla, New South Wales.
Trenaman, R, Livingstone, S & Creese, A 2015, Aquaculture production report 2013–2014, Port Stephens Fisheries Institute report for the Department of Primary Industries, New South Wales.