About my region – Central West New South Wales
About my region is a series of individual profiles of the agricultural, forestry and fisheries industries in your region. This regional profile presents an overview of the agriculture and forestry sectors in the Central West region and the recent financial performance of the New South Wales broadacre, dairy, vegetable, and sugarcane industries.
The Central West region of New South Wales is located west of Sydney and the Great Dividing Range, extending from Lithgow into the plains areas surrounding Condobolin and West Wyalong. The region comprises the eleven local government areas of Bathurst Regional, Bland, Blayney, Cowra, Forbes, Lachlan, Lithgow, Mid—Western Regional, Orange, Parkes and Weddin, and parts of Blue Mountains, Cabonne, Oberon, Singleton, Warrumbungle Shire and Western Plains Regional. The region covers a total area of around 70,300 square kilometres or 9 per cent of New South Wales and is home to approximately 211,200 people (ABS 2018).
Agricultural land in the Central West region of New South Wales occupies 57,300 square kilometres, or 81 per cent of the region. Areas classified as conservation and natural environments (nature conservation, protected areas and minimal use) occupy 9,700 square kilometres, or 14 per cent of the region. The most common land use by area is grazing modified pastures, which occupies 38,100 square kilometres or 54 per cent of the Central West region of New South Wales (ABARES 2016).
Australian Bureau of Statistics (ABS) data from the August 2020 Labour Force Survey indicate that around 110,900 people were employed in the Central West region. The region accounts for 3 per cent of total employment in New South Wales and 22 per cent of all people employed in the New South Wales agriculture, forestry and fishing sector.
Agriculture, forestry and fishing was the largest employment sector with 17,800 people, representing 16 per cent of the region’s workforce. Health care and social assistance was the second largest employment sector with 15,200 people, followed by retail trade with 12,500 people. Other important employment sectors in the region were education and training; construction; and manufacturing.
Value of agricultural production
In 2018–19, the gross value of agricultural production in the Central West region was $1.4 billion, which was 12 per cent of the total gross value of agricultural production in New South Wales of $11.7 billion.
The Central West region has a diverse agricultural sector. The most important commodities in the region based on the gross value of agricultural production were cattle and calves ($314 million), followed by wool ($238 million) and sheep and lambs ($212 million). These commodities together contributed 55 per cent of the total value of agricultural production in the region. In addition, in 2018–19 the Central West region accounted for 65 per cent ($7 million) of the total value of the state’s Cauliflower production.
Number and type of farms
ABS data indicate that in 2018–19 there were 3,654 farms in the Central West region with an estimated value of agricultural operations of $40,000 or more. The region contains 15 per cent of all farm businesses in New South Wales.
|Industry classification||Central West region||New South Wales|
|Number of farms||% of Region||Number of farms||Contribution of region to state total %|
|Grain-Sheep or Grain-Beef Cattle Farming||867||23.7||3,037||28.6|
|Sheep Farming (Specialised)||801||21.9||3,786||21.1|
|Beef Cattle Farming (Specialised)||773||21.1||7,009||11.0|
|Sheep-Beef Cattle Farming||521||14.3||2,593||20.1|
|Other Grain Growing||306||8.4||1,904||16.1|
|Other Crop Growing nec||69||1.9||294||23.5|
Note: Estimated value of agricultural operations $40,000 or more. Industries that constitute less than 1 per cent of the region's industry are not shown. nec Not elsewhere classified.
Source: Australian Bureau of Statistics, Customised report, 2020
Farms in the table above are classified according to the activities that generate most of their value of production. Grain-sheep or grain-beef cattle farms (867 farms) were the most common, accounting for 24 per cent of all farms in the Central West region, and 29 per cent of all grain-sheep or grain-beef cattle farms in New South Wales.
Estimated value of agricultural operations (EVAO) is a measure of the value of production from farms and a measure of their business size. Around 39 per cent of farms in the Central West region had an EVAO between $50,000 and $150,000. These farms accounted for only 10 per cent of the total value of agricultural operations in 2018–19. In comparison, 6 per cent of farms in the region had an EVAO of more than $1 million and accounted for an estimated 36 per cent of the total value of agricultural operations in the Central West region in 2018–19.
Farm financial performance
Estimates of financial performance are available for all broadacre, beef, sheep, grains, dairy and vegetable farms in New South Wales.
In 2014–15 the most recent year for which regional data are available, the total plantation area in the Central West region was about 87,000 hectares, comprised of less than 100 hectares of hardwood plantations and 86,910 hectares of softwood plantations. The main hardwood plantation species in New South Wales are Dunns white gum (Eucalyptus dunnii), blackbutt (Eucalyptus pilularis) and shining gum (Eucalyptus nitens). The main softwood plantation species in New South Wales are radiata pine (Pinus radiata) and other pine species (various).
In 2016 there were about 1.7 million hectares of native forests in the Central West region, comprised mainly of Eucalypt Medium Woodland (973,700 hectares), Eucalypt Medium Open (297,400 hectares) and Other native forest (152,000 hectares). The majority of the native forests were privately managed (901,600 hectares), while 518,800 hectares were in conservation reserves and 159,500 hectares were on Crown land. There were 137,500 hectares in multiple use native forest available for wood production.
New South Wales state data
In 2017–18, the total plantation area in New South Wales was 393,200 hectares, comprised of 87,100 hectares of hardwood plantations and 306,000 hectares of softwood plantations.
In 2016, New South Wales had 85 sawmills (including 17 softwood sawmills), 2 post and pole processors, 7 wood based panel processors and 5 paper and paperboard processors.
In 2016, there were 19.9 million hectares of native forests in New South Wales, comprised mainly of Eucalypt Medium Woodland (6.0 million hectares), Eucalypt Medium Open (4.7 million hectares) and Eucalypt Tall Open (2.3 million hectares).
In 2017–18, the volume of native hardwood logs harvested in New South Wales was 977,000 cubic metres, valued at $128.5 million. The volume of plantation hardwood logs harvested in New South Wales was 254,000 cubic metres, valued at $21.9 million. The volume of plantation softwood logs harvested in New South Wales was 5.0 million cubic metres, valued at $393.5 million.
In 2017–18, the estimated sales and service income generated from the sale of wood products in New South Wales was $4.7 billion and for paper and paper products was $4.0 billion.
In 2016, the New South Wales forestry sector employed 16,396 workers (0.52 per cent of the total employed workforce in New South Wales) compared with 21,082 (0.62 per cent) in 2011. The number of people employed includes the following categories: forestry and logging, forestry support services, wood product manufacturing and pulp, paper and converted paper product manufacturing.
ABARES 2016, Land Use of Australia 2010–11, ABARES, Canberra, May.
ABARES 2018, Catchment scale land use of Australia – December 2018, Canberra, December.
ABS 2018, Population by Age and Sex, Regions of Australia, 2017, cat. no. 3235.0 Australian Bureau of Statistics, Canberra, accessed 10 January 2019.
ABS 2020a, Labour Force, Australia, Detailed, Quarterly, August 2020, cat. no. 6291.0 Australian Bureau of Statistics, Canberra, accessed 12 December 2020.
ABS 2020b, Value of Agricultural Commodities Produced, Australia, 2018-19, cat. no. 7503.0 Australian Bureau of Statistics, Canberra, accessed 29 May 2020.