About my region – Coffs Harbour - Grafton New South Wales
About my region is a series of individual profiles of the agricultural, forestry and fisheries industries in your region. This regional profile presents an overview of the agriculture, fisheries, and forestry sectors in the Coffs Harbour - Grafton region and the recent financial performance of the New South Wales broadacre, dairy and vegetable industries.
The Coffs Harbour - Grafton region of New South Wales is located on the northern coast of the state, extending inland from the coast to the Great Dividing Range. The region includes the towns of Coffs Harbour, Grafton, Yamba, and Dorrigo and comprises the three local government areas of Bellingen, Clarence Valley, and Coffs Harbour. It also includes small parts of Nambucca and Richmond Valley local government areas. The region covers a total area of around 13,200 square kilometres or 2 per cent of New South Wales and is home to approximately 140,100 people (ABS 2018).
Agricultural land in the Coffs Harbour - Grafton region occupies 6,100 square kilometres, or 46 per cent of the region. Areas classified as conservation and natural environments (nature conservation, protected areas and minimal use) occupy 3,900 square kilometres, or 30 per cent of the region. The most common land use by area is grazing native vegetation, which occupies 3,500 square kilometres or 26 per cent of the Coffs Harbour - Grafton region (ABARES 2016).
Australian Bureau of Statistics (ABS) data from the May 2020 Labour Force Survey indicate that around 55,400 people were employed in the Coffs Harbour - Grafton region. The region accounts for 1 per cent of total employment in New South Wales and 5 per cent of all people employed in the New South Wales agriculture, forestry and fishing sector.
Health care and social assistance was the largest employment sector with 10,300 people, followed by construction with 7,100 people, and retail trade with 6,400 people. Other important employment sectors in the region were accommodation and food services; education and training; and agriculture, forestry and fishing. The agriculture, forestry and fishing sector employed 3,900 people, representing 7 per cent of the region's workforce.
Value of agricultural production
In 2018–19, the gross value of agricultural production in the Coffs Harbour - Grafton region was $275 million, which was 2 per cent of the total gross value of agricultural production in New South Wales ($11.7 billion).
The Coffs Harbour - Grafton region has a diverse agricultural sector. The most important commodities in the region based on the gross value of agricultural production were cattle and calves ($60 million), followed by sugarcane ($32 million) and milk ($16 million). These commodities together contributed 39 per cent of the total value of agricultural production in the region. Additionally, in 2018–19 the Coffs Harbour – Grafton region accounted for 48 per cent ($4 million) of the total value of the state's banana production.
Number and type of farms
ABS data indicate that in 2017–18 there were 744 farms in the Coffs Harbour - Grafton region with an estimated value of agricultural operations of $40,000 or more. The region contains 3 per cent of all farm businesses in New South Wales.
|Industry classification||Coffs Harbour - Grafton region||New South Wales|
|Number of farms||% of Region||Number of farms||Contribution of region to state total %|
|Beef Cattle Farming (Specialised)||335||45.0||6,250||5.4|
|Sugar Cane Growing||118||15.9||362||32.7|
|Berry Fruit Growing||101||13.6||141||72.1|
|Other Fruit and Tree Nut Growing||43||5.8||538||8.0|
|Dairy Cattle Farming||35||4.7||691||5.1|
|Vegetable Growing (Outdoors)||23||3.1||582||3.9|
|Nursery Production (Outdoors)||21||2.8||87||23.8|
|Nursery Production (Under Cover)||10||1.4||105||9.9|
|Floriculture Production (Outdoors)||10||1.4||105||9.9|
Note: Estimated value of agricultural operations $40,000 or more. Industries that constitute less than 1 per cent of the region's industry are not shown.
Source: Australian Bureau of Statistics 2019
Farms in the table above are classified according to the activities that generate most of their value of production. Beef cattle farms (335 farms) were the most common, accounting for 45 per cent of all farms in the Coffs Harbour - Grafton region, and 5 per cent of all beef cattle farms in New South Wales.
Estimated value of agricultural operations (EVAO) is a measure of the value of production from farms and a measure of their business size. Around 33 per cent of farms in the Coffs Harbour - Grafton region had an EVAO between $50,000 and $150,000. These farms accounted for only 8 per cent of the total value of agricultural operations in 2017–18. In comparison, 5 per cent of farms in the region had an EVAO of more than $1 million and accounted for an estimated 30 per cent of the total value of agricultural operations in the Coffs Harbour - Grafton region in 2017–18.
Farm financial performance
Estimates of financial performance are available for all broadacre, beef, sheep, grains, dairy and vegetable farms in New South Wales.
The Coffs Harbour – Grafton region is a key area for commercial fishing in New South Wales and includes several important ports including Coffs Harbour, Iluka and Yamba. In 2018–19 over 2,000 tonnes of Commonwealth catch was landed in the Coffs Harbour – Grafton region, including 470 tonnes of Yellowfin Tuna, 330 tonnes of Swordfish, 322 tonnes of Albacore and 128 tonnes of Bigeye Tuna, with 71% of the catch sourced from the Eastern Tuna and Billfish Fishery.
New South Wales state fisheries also operate in the area, targeting School Prawns, Eastern King Prawns, School Whiting and other Finfish. State fisheries include the Estuary Prawn Trawl Fishery, the Ocean Prawn Trawl Fishery and the Ocean Trap and Line Fishery. Aquaculture species produced in the region includes Oysters and Prawns.
The Coffs Harbour – Grafton region is also popular for recreational fishing. In a 2013–14 survey it was found that the majority (88%; over 250, 000 days) of fishing effort on the North Coast was attributable to local or nearly residents. Sixty-eight per cent of recreational fishing in the North Coast Fishing Zone was shore-based and 58% of effort concentrated in estuarine waters. Target species include Breams, Dusky Flathead, Sand Whiting, Darts, Red Rock Cod and Tailor (West et al 2015).
New South Wales state data
In 2017–18 the gross value product (GVP) of New South Wales fisheries production was $170.2 million, increasing by 11% ($16.3 million) from 2016–17. New South Wales contributed 5% of the total gross value of Australian fisheries production in 2017–18. In value terms, the wild-catch sector accounted for 58.5% ($99.5 million) of the state's total production and the aquaculture sector accounted for the remaining 41.5% ($70.7 million).
New South Wales wild-catch fishery production increased by 11% ($10.2 million) to $99.5 million in 2017–18. Finfish species contributed 46% of the total New South Wales wild-catch production, valued at $45.6 million, while Crustaceans contributed 44% to the total production. The most valuable Finfish species landed were Sea Mullet ($10.2 million), Eastern School Whiting ($5 million) and Black and Yellowfin Bream ($3.2 million). Prawns contributed 20% of the total value of wild-catch fisheries with a value of $19.6 million, while Eastern Rock Lobster contributed $11.6 million and Crabs $8.4 million. Abalone GVP increased by 50% to $5.5 million from 2016–17, despite an 11% decline in catch volume. The increase in wild-catch Abalone GVP was driven by a unit price increase due to growing demand from China.
In 2017–18 the value of New South Wales aquaculture production increased by 9% ($6.1 million) to $70.7 million. Oysters production (largely Sydney Rock Oysters) made the greatest contribution to New South Wales aquaculture production, increasing by 14% to $51.8 million – the highest value since 2003–04. Prawns ($5.8 million) and Finfish aquaculture species, including Silver Perch ($2.8 million), Trouts ($2.7 million) and Barramundi ($0.7 million) make up most of the remaining aquaculture production.
Commonwealth fisheries active in New South Wales include the Small Pelagic Fishery, the Eastern Tuna and Billfish fishery (mainly supplying export markets with Tunas) and the Commonwealth trawl sector of the Southern and Eastern Scalefish and Shark fishery. The Southern Squid Jig Fishery also operates in the waters of New South Wales.
In 2018–19, New South Wales fisheries product exports were valued at $28.8 million. The main export products include live and fresh, chilled or frozen Finfish, Tropical Rock Lobsters, and Abalone. Japan and China are the major destinations for New South Wales fisheries exports, accounting for 44% and 18% of the total value of exports in 2018–19, respectively. Other major export destinations include United States of America (14%) and Vietnam (8%).
The New South Wales coastline is an important recreational fishing area, with a multitude of inlets and estuaries from which to fish. There are also a range of game fishing tournaments throughout the year, including in the Bermagui and Port Stephens areas, targeting Tunas and Marlin species. New South Wales also contains several recreational only fishing areas, especially in the far south coast of New South Wales, a popular destination for both marine and freshwater recreational fishers. A large number of recreational fishers also fish in the Greater Sydney area, stretching from Newcastle to the Illawarra area, and comprising the city areas of Newcastle, Sydney, and Wollongong. Species commonly targeted in the area include Yellowfin Bream, Dusky Flathead, Blue Swimmer Crab, Squids, and Southern Calamari (Steffe & Murphy 2011).
Note: Where applicable the Australian Fish Names Standard AS SSA 5300-2019 is now used in this section. In this section standard fish names for groups of species or species families are not capitalised and employ the use of initial capital letters.
In 2014–15 the most recent year for which regional data are available, the total plantation area in the Coffs Harbour - Grafton region was about 30,100 hectares, comprised of 27,740 hectares of hardwood plantations and 2,400 hectares of softwood plantations. The main hardwood plantation species in New South Wales are Dunns white gum (Eucalyptus dunnii), blackbutt (Eucalyptus pilularis) and shining gum (Eucalyptus nitens). The main softwood plantation species in New South Wales are radiata pine (Pinus radiata) and other pine species (various).
In 2016 there were about 961,400 hectares of native forests in the Coffs Harbour - Grafton region, comprised mainly of Eucalypt Tall Open (447,000 hectares), Eucalypt Medium Open (304,900 hectares) and Rainforest (94,400 hectares). The majority of the native forests were privately managed (413,600 hectares), while 278,600 hectares were in conservation reserves and 250,800 hectares were on multiple use public forest available for timber production.
New South Wales state data
In 2017–18, the total plantation area in New South Wales was 393,200 hectares, comprised of 87,100 hectares of hardwood plantations and 306,000 hectares of softwood plantations.
In 2016, New South Wales had 85 sawmills (including 17 softwood sawmills), 2 post and pole processors, 7 wood based panel processors and 5 paper and paperboard processors.
In 2016, there were 19.9 million hectares of native forests in New South Wales, comprised mainly of Eucalypt Medium Woodland (6.0 million hectares), Eucalypt Medium Open (4.7 million hectares) and Eucalypt Tall Open (2.3 million hectares).
In 2017–18, the volume of native hardwood logs harvested in New South Wales was 977,000 cubic metres, valued at $128.5 million. The volume of plantation hardwood logs harvested in New South Wales was 254,000 cubic metres, valued at $21.9 million. The volume of plantation softwood logs harvested in New South Wales was 5.0 million cubic metres, valued at $393.5 million.
In 2017–18, the estimated sales and service income generated from the sale of wood products in New South Wales was $4.7 billion and for paper and paper products was $4.0 billion.
In 2016, the New South Wales forestry sector employed 16,396 workers (0.52 per cent of the total employed workforce in New South Wales) compared with 21,082 (0.62 per cent) in 2011. The number of people employed includes the following categories: forestry and logging, forestry support services, wood product manufacturing and pulp, paper and converted paper product manufacturing.
ABARES 2016, Land Use of Australia 2010–11, ABARES, Canberra, May.
ABARES 2018, Catchment scale land use of Australia – December 2018, Canberra, December.
ABS 2018, Population by Age and Sex, Regions of Australia, 2017, cat. no. 3235.0 Australian Bureau of Statistics, Canberra, accessed 10 January 2019.
ABS 2020a, Labour Force, Australia, Detailed, Quarterly, May 2020, cat. no. 6291.0 Australian Bureau of Statistics, Canberra, accessed 30 June 2020.
ABS 2020b, Value of Agricultural Commodities Produced, Australia, 2018-19, cat. no. 7503.0 Australian Bureau of Statistics, Canberra, accessed 29 May 2020.
Steffe, AS & Murphy, JJ 2011, Recreational fishing surveys in the Greater Sydney Region. Fisheries final report series, no. 131, NSW Department of Primary Industries, Cronulla, New South Wales.
West et al. 2015, Survey of recreational fishing in New South Wales and the ACT, 2013/14 (PDF 3.8 MB), NSW Department of Primary Industries, New South Wales.