About my region – Toowoomba Queensland

About my region is a series of individual profiles of the agricultural, forestry and fisheries industries in your region. This regional profile presents an overview of the agriculture sector in the Toowoomba region and the recent Queensland financial performance of the broadacre, dairy and vegetable industries.

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​​​Regional overview

The Toowoomba region of Queensland is located in the south–east of the state. The region comprises the local government area of Lockyer Valley and part of Toowoomba, and the major regional centre of Toowoomba. The region covers a total area of around 2,250 square kilometres or less than 1 per cent of Queensland's total area and is home to approximately 154,800 people (ABS 2018).

Agricultural land in the Toowoomba region occupies 1,700 square kilometres, or 75 per cent of the region. Areas classified as conservation and natural environments (nature conservation, protected areas and minimal use) occupy 320 square kilometres, or 14 per cent of the region. The most common land use by area is grazing native vegetation, which occupies 760 square kilometres or 34 per cent of the Toowoomba region (ABARES 2016).

Broad land use in the Toowoomba region
Shows a map of broad land use in the Toowoomba region. It includes a legend which shows the broad land use categories— nature conservation, protected areas and minimal use; grazing native vegetation; production forestry; grazing modified pastures; plantation forestry; cropping; horticulture; intensive uses and water. This map is discussed in the above paragraph.
Source: Catchment scale land use of Australia - Update December 2018

Employment

Australian Bureau of Statistics (ABS) data from the November 2019 Labour Force Survey indicate that around 64,300 people were employed in the Toowoomba region. The Toowoomba region accounts for 3 per cent of total employment in Queensland and 4 per cent of all people employed in the Queensland agriculture, forestry and fishing sector.

Health care and social assistance was the largest employment sector with 13,300 people, followed by retail trade with 8,000 people, and education and training with 7,500 people. Other important employment sectors in the region were construction; professional, scientific and technical services; and public administration and safety. The agriculture, forestry and fishing sector employed 2,900 people representing 5 per cent of the region's workforce.

Employment profile, Toowoomba region, November 2019
Shows the number of people employed in the Toowoomba region by industry in thousands. The figure is discussed in the previous two paragraphs.
Note: Annual average of the preceding 4 quarters.
Source: Australian Bureau of Statistics, cat. no. 6291.0, Labour Force, Australia 2019

Agricultural sector

Value of agricultural production

In 2017–18, the gross value of agricultural production in the Toowoomba region was $348 million, which was 3 per cent of the total gross value of agricultural production in Queensland ($13 billion).

The most important commodities in the Toowoomba region based on the gross value of agricultural production were poultry ($50 million), followed by sweet corn ($44 million) and lettuce ($36 million). These commodities together contributed 37 per cent of the total value of agricultural production in the region.

Value of agricultural production, Toowoomba region, 2017–18
Shows the gross value of agricultural production in the region in millions of dollars. The figure is discussed in the previous three paragraphs.

Note: The graph shows only data published by the ABS. Some values were not published by the ABS to ensure confidentiality.
The "Other commodities" category includes the total value of commodities not published as well as those with small values.
Source: Australian Bureau of Statistics, cat. no. 7503.0, Value of agricultural commodities produced, Australia 2019

Number and type of farms

ABS data indicate that in 2017–18 there were 321 farms in the Toowoomba region with an estimated value of agricultural operations of $40,000 or more. The region contains 2 per cent of all farm businesses in Queensland.

Number of farms, by industry classification, Toowoomba region, 2017–18
Industry classification Toowoomba region Queensland
Number of farms % of Region Number of farms Contribution of region to state total %
Beef Cattle Farming (Specialised)        117 36.6      8,288 1.4
Vegetable Growing (Outdoors)           42 13.2          639 6.6
Grain-Sheep or Grain-Beef Cattle Farming           34 10.7          821 4.2
Dairy Cattle Farming           30 9.5          423 7.2
Other Grain Growing           25 7.8          985 2.5
Other Crop Growing nec           17 5.4          238 7.2
Horse Farming           15 4.8          346 4.4
Other  38 12.0  5,608 0.7
Total agriculture  321 100  17,348 1.8

Note: Estimated value of agricultural operations $40,000 or more.
Industries that constitute less than 1 per cent of the region's industry are not shown.
Source: Australian Bureau of Statistics 2019

Farms in the table above are classified according to the activities that generate most of their value of production. Beef cattle farms (117 farms) were the most common, accounting for 37 per cent of all farms in the Toowoomba region, and 1 per cent of all beef farms in Queensland.

Estimated value of agricultural operations (EVAO) is a measure of the value of production from farms and a measure of their business size. Around 45 per cent of farms in the Toowoomba region had an EVAO between $50,000 and $150,000. These farms accounted for only 7 per cent of the total value of agricultural operations in 2017–18. In comparison, 16 per cent of farms in the region had an EVAO of more than $1 million and accounted for an estimated 71 per cent of the total value of agricultural operations in the Toowoomba region in 2017–18.

Distribution of farms by estimated value of agricultural operations, Toowoomba region, 2017–18
Shows share of farms and share of value of agricultural operations in the Toowoomba region. The figure is discussed in the previous paragraph.
Note: Only farms with an EVAO of $50,000 or more in 2017–18 are included in these data. The scope of ABS Rural Environment and Agricultural Collections changed in 2015–16 to include only agricultural businesses with an EVAO of $40,000 or greater.
Source: Australian Bureau of Statistics 2019

Farm financial performance

Estimates of financial performance are available for all broadacre, beef, grain, dairy and vegetable farms in Queensland.

Forestry sector

In 2014–15, the most recent year for which regional data are available, the Toowoomba region recorded less than 100 hectares of hardwood plantations. The main hardwood plantation species in Queensland is Dunns white gum (Eucalyptus dunnii). The main softwood plantation species in Queensland are Slash Pine hybrid (Pinus elliottii hybrid), Southern Pine hybrid (Pinus caribaea hybrid) and Hoop pines (Araucaria cunninghamii).

In 2016 there were 96,700 hectares of native forests in the Toowoomba region, comprised mainly of Eucalypt Medium Open (36,600 hectares), Eucalypt Medium Woodland (34,500 hectares) and Other native forest (19,100 hectares). The majority of the native forests were privately managed (69,300 hectares), while 17,400 hectares were in conservation reserves and 5,500 hectares were on multiple use public forest available for timber production.

Queensland state data

In 2017–18, the total plantation area in Queensland was 230,500 hectares, comprised of 34,800 hectares of hardwood plantations and 195,600 hectares of softwood plantations.

In 2016, Queensland had 77 sawmills (including 31 softwood sawmills), 3 post and pole processors, 6 wood-based panel processors and 2 paper and paperboard processors.

In 2016, there were 51.6 million hectares of native forests in Queensland, comprised mainly of Eucalypt Medium Woodland (27.1 million hectares), Melaleuca (5.1 million hectares) and Acacia (5.1 million hectares).

In 2017–18 the volume of native hardwood logs harvested in Queensland was 279 thousand cubic metres valued at $39.7 million. There were no plantation hardwood logs harvested in this period. The volume of softwood logs harvested was 2.9 million cubic metres valued at $257.6 million.

In 2017–18, the estimated sales and service income generated from the sale of wood products in Queensland was $2.6 billion. Sales and service income for paper and paper products is not available for 2017–18.

In 2016 the Queensland forestry sector employed 9,520 workers (0.45 per cent) of the total employed workforce in Queensland compared with 12,840 (0.63 per cent) in 2011. The number of people employed includes the following categories: forestry and logging, forestry support services, wood product manufacturing and pulp, paper and converted paper product manufacturing.

References

ABARES 2016, Land Use of Australia 2010–11, ABARES, Canberra, May.

ABARES 2018, Catchment scale land use of Australia – December 2018, Canberra, December.

ABS 2018, Population by Age and Sex, Regions of Australia, 2017, cat. no. 3235.0 Australian Bureau of Statistics, Canberra, accessed 10 January 2019.

ABS 2019a Labour Force, Australia, Detailed, Quarterly, November 2019, cat. no. 6291.0 Australian Bureau of Statistics, Canberra, accessed 15 January 2020.

ABS 2019b Value of Agricultural Commodities Produced, Australia, 2017-18, cat. no. 7503.0 Australian Bureau of Statistics, Canberra, accessed 15 May 2019.

Last reviewed: 22 January 2020
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