About my region – Townsville Queensland
About my region is a series of individual profiles of the agricultural, forestry and fisheries industries in your region. This regional profile presents an overview of the agriculture, fisheries and forestry sectors in the Townsville region and the recent Queensland financial performance of the broadacre, dairy and vegetable industries.
The Townsville region of Queensland is located in the north east of the state. The region comprises the four local government areas of Burdekin, Charters Towers, Hinchinbrook, and Townsville, and the major regional centres of Charters Towers, Townsville, Ayr and Ingham. The region covers a total area of around 79,900 square kilometres, or 5 per cent of Queensland's total area, and is home to approximately 235,700 people (ABS 2018).
Agricultural land in the Townsville region occupies 68,200 square kilometres, or 85 per cent of the region. Areas classified as conservation and natural environments (nature conservation, protected areas and minimal use) occupy 10,400 square kilometres, or 13 per cent of the region. The most common land use by area is grazing native vegetation, which occupies 61,700 square kilometres or 77 per cent of the Townsville region (ABARES 2016).
Australian Bureau of Statistics (ABS) data from the May 2020 Labour Force Survey indicate that around 111,700 people were employed in the Townsville region. The region accounts for 4 per cent of total employment in Queensland and 8 per cent of all people employed in the Queensland agriculture, forestry and fishing sector.
Health care and social assistance was the largest employment sector with 17,100 people, followed by retail trade with 11,200 people, and construction with 9,700 people. Other important employment sectors in the region were public administration and safety; accommodation and food services; and education and training. The agriculture, forestry and fishing sector employed 6,400 people, representing 6 per cent of the region's workforce.
Value of agricultural production
In 2018–19, the gross value of agricultural production in the Townsville region was $944 million, which was 7 per cent of the total gross value of agricultural production in Queensland ($12.9 billion).
The most important commodities in the Townsville region based on the gross value of agricultural production were sugarcane ($479 million), followed by cattle and calves ($295 million) and melons ($40 million). These commodities together contributed 86 per cent of the total value of agricultural production in the region. The Townsville region accounted for 100 per cent ($3 million) of the total value of Queensland's rice production in 2018–19.
Number and type of farms
ABS data indicate that in 2017–18 there were 1,295 farms in the Townsville region with an estimated value of agricultural operations of $40,000 or more. The region contains 7 per cent of all farm businesses in Queensland.
|Industry classification||Townsville region||Queensland|
|Number of farms||% of Region||Number of farms||Contribution of region to state total %|
|Sugar Cane Growing||887||68.5||2,939||30.2|
|Beef Cattle Farming (Specialised)||311||24.0||8,288||3.8|
|Vegetable Growing (Outdoors)||29||2.3||639||4.6|
|Other Fruit and Tree Nut Growing||22||1.7||761||2.9|
Note: Estimated value of agricultural operations $40,000 or more.
Industries that constitute less than 1 per cent of the region's industry are not shown.
Source: Australian Bureau of Statistics 2019
Farms in the table above are classified according to the activities that generate most of their value of production. Sugar cane farms (887 farms) were the most common, accounting for 68 per cent of all farms in the Townsville region, and 30 per cent of all sugar cane farms in Queensland.
Estimated value of agricultural operations (EVAO) is a measure of the value of production from farms and a measure of their business size. Around 14 per cent of farms in the Townsville region had an EVAO between $50,000 and $150,000. These farms accounted for about 2 per cent of the total value of agricultural operations in 2017–18. In comparison, 18 per cent of farms in the region had an EVAO of more than $1 million and accounted for an estimated 59 per cent of the total value of agricultural operations in the Townsville region in 2017–18.
Farm financial performance
Estimates of financial performance are available for all broadacre, dairy and vegetable farms in Queensland.
Townsville is one of the main commercial fishing regions in Queensland, with 1,420 tonnes of state commercial catch sourced in the area in 2018–19. This included 323 tonnes of Tiger Prawns, 208 tonnes of Banana Prawns, 116 tonnes of Moreton Bay Bugs, 106 tonnes of Coral Trouts and 92 tonnes of Mud Crabs (QDAF 2020a). The East Coast Trawl Fishery is the largest of Queensland's commercial fisheries operating in the region targeting mostly Prawns (Tiger, Red-Spot King, Endeavour and Banana), and also harvesting Bugs and Squids. Other key commercial species for Queensland fisheries in the region include Mackerels, Barramundi, Garfishes, Mullets, Threadfins and Queenfishes.
The Townsville region is also a major aquaculture producer for Queensland, harvesting 1,862 tonnes of aquaculture production ($27.2 million in value) in 2018–19, second only to Cairns in value and production (Schofield 2020). In 2018–19, Townsville aquaculture utilised 136.4 hectares of ponds and employed 91 people, producing several species including Barramundi, Redclaw and Prawns (Schofield 2020).
The proportion of residents in the Townsville region that fish at least once each year is 21.2%, higher than the Queensland average of 18.7% (QDAF 2020b). Residents of the region mainly fish in estuaries, enclosed coastal waters and adjacent reefs within the Great Barrier Reef Marine Park near Townsville and Cairns, preferring to fish by boat than onshore. In terms of numbers, the most common species caught in this region are Mud Crabs, followed by Redclaw, Coral Trouts, Mangrove Jack and Redthroat Emperor (Webley et al 2015). This region is a popular destination for fishers travelling from other regions of Queensland and other states.
Queensland state data
In 2017–18 the total gross value product (GVP) of Queensland's fisheries production was $294.4 million, a decrease of 5% ($14.9 million) from 2016–17. Queensland contributed 9% of the total value of Australian fisheries production in 2017–18. In value terms, the wild-catch sector accounted for 61% ($180.2 million) of the state's total production and the aquaculture sector accounted for the remaining 39% ($114.2 million).
Queensland's wild-catch fisheries sector provides a range of fisheries products. The highest contribution being from Prawns and Coral Trouts. The GVP of wild-catch fisheries in Queensland decreased by 7% in 2017–18 to $180.2 million. Contributing to this decline was a decrease in the landed volume of Prawns (39% of total value of wild-catch; $70.1 million) and Coral Trouts (15% of total value of wild-catch; $27.1 million). The aggregate wild-caught GVP of Prawns, comprising mainly King Prawns, Tiger Prawns, Banana Prawns and Endeavour Prawns, decreased by 12% in 2017–18. The value of Coral Trouts decreased by 2% as a result of decreased catch.
The value of Queensland's aquaculture production decreased by 2% in 2017–18 to $114.2 million. This was largely due to a 4% decline in the GVP of Prawns to $74.7 million — down from $77.8 million in 2016–17; and lower production value of Barramundi, which declined by $1.5 million to $26.9 million. Prawns are Queensland’s biggest contributor to the aquaculture sector. The volume of aquaculture Prawns harvested for commercial purposes declined by 8% from 4,264 tonnes in 2016–17 to 3,921 tonnes in 2017–18. In 2016–17 prawn farms in the Logan River region of southern Queensland were destocked following an outbreak of White Spot Disease (McCarthy 2016; Mobsby & Curtotti 2019), with industry still rebuilding in 2017–18. In 2017–18 Queensland aquaculture production was dominated by Prawns and Barramundi, which together comprised 89% of GVP.
Commonwealth fisheries active in the waters off the east coast of Queensland include the Commonwealth Eastern Tuna and Billfish fishery (mainly supplying export markets with Tunas) and the Coral Sea Fishery.
In 2018–19, Queensland's fisheries product exports were valued at $185.8 million. Hong Kong and the China are the major destinations for Queensland fisheries exports, accounting for 29% and 21% of the total value of exports in 2018–19, respectively. Other major export destinations include Japan (15%) and United States of America (12%).
Recreational fishing is popular in Queensland. The results of the 2019–20 state wide and regional recreational fishing survey stated that 18.7% of Queensland’s population participated in recreational fishing in 2019 (approximately 943,000 people) (QDAF 2020). Total expenditure in the sector was estimated to be between $350 million and $420 million in 2008–09 (DEEDI 2009). The tropical waters of Queensland are also a key area for tourism, attracting anglers from around the world. Popular target species include Crabs, Prawns and a range of Finfish species including Cods and Groupers, Coral Trouts, Redthroat Emperor and Mackerels. For freshwater activity some key species caught include Barramundi, Eels, Silver Perch and Yabbies.
Note: Where applicable the Australian Fish Names Standard AS SSA 5300-2019 is now used in this section. In this section standard fish names for groups of species or species families are not capitalised and employ the use of initial capital letters.
In 2014–15, the most recent year for which regional data are available, the total plantation area in the Townsville region was 5,000 hectares, comprised of 200 hectares of hardwood plantations and 4,800 hectares of softwood plantations. The main hardwood plantation species in Queensland is Dunns white gum (Eucalyptus dunnii). The main softwood plantation species in Queensland are Slash Pine hybrid (Pinus elliottii hybrid), Southern Pine hybrid (Pinus caribaea hybrid) and Hoop pines (Araucaria cunninghamii).
In 2016 there were 4.3 million hectares of native forests in the Townsville region, comprised mainly of Eucalypt Medium Woodland (3.1 million hectares), Acacia (347,400 hectares) and Eucalypt Low Woodland (250,400 hectares). The majority of the native forests were leasehold land (3,389,700 hectares), while 360,800 hectares were privately managed and 266,300 hectares were on in conservation reserves.
Queensland state data
In 2017–18, the total plantation area in Queensland was 230,500 hectares, comprised of 34,800 hectares of hardwood plantations and 195,600 hectares of softwood plantations.
In 2016, Queensland had 77 sawmills (including 31 softwood sawmills), 3 post and pole processors, 6 wood-based panel processors and 2 paper and paperboard processors.
In 2016, there were 51.6 million hectares of native forests in Queensland, comprised mainly of Eucalypt Medium Woodland (27.1 million hectares), Melaleuca (5.1 million hectares) and Acacia (5.1 million hectares).
In 2017–18 the volume of native hardwood logs harvested in Queensland was 279 thousand cubic metres valued at $39.7 million. There were no plantation hardwood logs harvested in this period. The volume of softwood logs harvested was 2.9 million cubic metres valued at $257.6 million.
In 2017–18, the estimated sales and service income generated from the sale of wood products in Queensland was $2.6 billion. Sales and service income for paper and paper products is not available for 2017–18.
In 2016 the Queensland forestry sector employed 9,520 workers (0.45 per cent) of the total employed workforce in Queensland compared with 12,840 (0.63 per cent) in 2011. The number of people employed includes the following categories: forestry and logging, forestry support services, wood product manufacturing and pulp, paper and converted paper product manufacturing.
ABARES 2016, Land Use of Australia 2010–11, ABARES, Canberra, May.
ABARES 2018, Catchment scale land use of Australia – December 2018, Canberra, December.
ABS 2018, Population by Age and Sex, Regions of Australia, 2017, cat. no. 3235.0 Australian Bureau of Statistics, Canberra, accessed 10 January 2019.
ABS 2020a, Labour Force, Australia, Detailed, Quarterly, May 2020, cat. no. 6291.0 Australian Bureau of Statistics, Canberra, accessed 30 June 2020.
ABS 2020b, Value of Agricultural Commodities Produced, Australia, 2018-19, cat. no. 7503.0 Australian Bureau of Statistics, Canberra, accessed 29 May 2020.
DEEDI 2009, Prospects for Queensland's primary industries 2009–10, Department of Employment, Economic Development and Innovation, Brisbane, Queensland.
McCarthy, M 2016, White spot outbreak a ‘wake-up call’ for Australia’s biosecurity system, as prawn farmers claim imports are to blame, Australian Broadcasting Corporation, 23 December 2019, accessed 15 October 2019.
Mobsby, D & Curtotti, R 2019, ABARES annual fisheries outlook 2019, Australian Bureau of Agricultural and Resource Economics and Sciences, Department of Agriculture, Canberra, accessed 5 October 2019.
QDAF 2020a, QFish, Department of Agriculture and Fisheries, Brisbane, Queensland.
QDAF 2020b, Statewide recreational Fishing Surveys, Department of Agriculture and Fisheries, Brisbane, Queensland.
Schofield, R 2020, Ross Lobegeiger report to farmers Aquaculture production summary for Queensland 2018-19 (PDF 2.4 MB), Department of Agriculture and Fisheries, Brisbane, Queensland.
Webley, J, McInnes, K, Teixeira, D, Lawson A & Quinn, R 2015, Statewide Recreational Fishing Survey 2013-14, Department of Agriculture and Fisheries, Brisbane, Queensland.