South Australia

​​​​Australian Crop Report: February edition

Winter crop production in South Australia is estimated to have increased by 12% in 2019–20 to around 5.9 million tonnes, but remains well below the 10-year average to 2018–19 of 7.4 million tonnes. Yields in most northern cropping regions were well below average as a result of below average rainfall and above average spring temperatures.

Winter crop area in South Australia is estimated to have increased by around 4%, largely because less area planted to cereal crops and intended for grain production was cut for hay in 2019–20 than in 2018–19.

Wheat production is estimated to have increased by 8.5% in 2019–20 to around 3.2 million tonnes, but remains well below the 10-year average to 2018–19 of 4.4 million tonnes. The estimated average yield of 1.6 tonnes per hectare is 22% below the 10-year average to 2018–19. This reflects well below average yields in most northern cropping regions including in the upper Eyre Peninsula, upper North and the northern Mallee.

Barley production is estimated to have increased by 21% to just under 1.9 million tonnes but is slightly below the 10-year average to 2018–19 of around 2.0 million tonnes. A partial shift towards barley production in some regions and yields mostly around average in southern cropping regions supported the higher production in 2019–20.

Canola production is estimated to have increased by 15% to around 300,000 tonnes, which largely reflects an estimated 10% increase in planted area. The estimated average yield of 1.4 tonnes per hectare is slightly below the 10-year average to 2018–19. Canola production was supported by sufficient and timely rainfall in the southern Eyre Peninsula and the South East.

Table 9 Winter crop forecasts, South Australia, 2019–20
Crop Area
’000 ha
Yield
t/ha
Production
kt
Area change
%
Prod. change
%
Wheat 1,950 1.64 3,200 5.4 8.5
Barley 845 2.19 1,850 3.0 20.5
Canola 220 1.36 300 10.0 15.4

Note: Yields are based on area planted. Area based on planted crop that is harvested, fed off or failed. Percent change are relative to last year.
Sources: ABARES

Statistical tables​​​​​

 
Last reviewed: 17 February 2020
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