Western Australia

Australian Crop Report: February edition

Winter crop production in Western Australia is estimated to have reached 16.8 million tonnes in 2020–21. This is 18% higher than the 10-year average to 2019–20 and 17% higher than the forecast ABARES published in the December 2020 edition of Australian crop report. Favourable timing of rainfall events and below average spring temperatures resulted in higher yields than initially forecast. Despite dry finishing conditions, the combination of cool temperatures and lack of major frost events during the grain filling period also boosted production.

Wheat production is estimated to have increased by 64% to 9.5 million tonnes in 2020–21, largely because of an estimated 55% increase in the average yield. Area planted to wheat is estimated to have risen by 6% to 4.75 million hectares.

Barley production is estimated to have increased by 14% to 4.4 million tonnes, driven by an estimated 25% increase in the average yield. Area planted to barley is estimated to have fallen by 9% to 1.6 million hectares. More area was planted to wheat at the expense of area planted to barley in some regions.

Canola production is estimated to have increased by 43% to 1.65 million tonnes in 2020–21, 15% above the 10-year average to 2019–20. This reflects a 19% increase in average yield and a 21% increase in planted area. The area planted to canola is estimated to have returned to around the 10-year average to 2019–20 of 1.2 million hectares.

Table 10 Winter crop estimates, Western Australia, 2020–21
Crop Area
'000 ha
Area change
Prod. change
Wheat 4,750 2.00 9,500 6 64
Barley 1,600 2.75 4,400 –9 14
Canola 1,150 1.43 1,650 21 43
Lupins 350 1.57 550 0 57

Note: Yields are based on area planted. Area based on planted crop that is harvested, fed off or failed. Percent change are relative to last year.
Sources: ABARES

Last reviewed: 16 February 2021
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