Programme 1.9: Meat and livestock industry
This programme’s objective in 2014–15 was to:
- foster and enable productive, profitable, internationally competitive and sustainable Australian meat and livestock industries.
Australia is one of the largest exporters of beef, lamb and mutton in the world. It has innovative and internationally respected egg and pork industries. The department is responsible for policies and programmes that address national and international issues affecting the meat and livestock industries, and engages state and territory agencies and industry bodies on production, marketing, and research and development matters.
We also manage the quota arrangements for red meat exports to the European Union and the United States and the new quota introduced with Japan in January 2015.
More information is available on the department's website.
|Key performance indicator||2014–15 target||Performance|
|2014–15 ||2013–14 ||2012–13|
|Effective policies, programmes and regulations that contribute to enhanced productivity, profitability, competitiveness and sustainability||Accurate and timely advice provided||Met||Met||Met|
|Engage with domestic and international stakeholders on meat and livestock issues||5 meetings||Met||Met||Met|
|Allocation of quota to meat and livestock industry in accordance with legislation||100%||Met||Met||Met|
|All levy funds paid to Meat and Livestock Australia Limited (MLA), Australian Meat Processor Corporation Limited (AMPC), Australian Livestock Export Corporation Limited (Livecorp), Australian Egg Corporation Limited (AECL) and Australian Pork Limited (APL).||100%||Met||Met||Met|
|Timely and effective engagement with MLA, AMPC, Livecorp, AECL and APL to ensure compliance with the statutory funding agreement and relevant legislation and to discuss industry activities||2 meetings each||Met||Met||Met|
|Underpinning research, advice, forecast, projects, products and data services meet stakeholder expectations and are delivered within agreed timelines||85% a||Met||Met||Met|
a Client satisfaction as measured by an annual survey of ABARES clients.
Introducing quotas to Japan
The Japan–Australia Economic Partnership Agreement (JAEPA) was signed in July 2014 and came into force in January 2015. It includes an annual reduced tariff rate and quota arrangement for several commodities including bovine offal, pork, poultry and two types of preserved/prepared meats. We worked to gain Japan’s agreement to manage these quotas efficiently and at a low cost. In the first year the JAEPA could save industry up to $10 million in tariff reductions.
Many areas across the department were involved in the implementation of the JAEPA measures. We worked in partnership with officers at the Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade and in our Minister-Counsellor’s office in Tokyo.
Australia–Japan Beef Talks
In October 2014, we hosted the first of the annual Japan–Australia Beef Talks held since the signing of the JAEPA. Officials from the Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade, the Japanese Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries, and Meat and Livestock Australia also participated.
Attendees discussed the operation of the export quota system and self-certification of place of origin for Australian beef under the JAEPA and the role of Japan’s Agriculture and Livestock Industries Corporation.
We negotiated a new statutory funding agreement with Australian Pork Limited for 2015–19. The agreement is part of a consistent framework for the government’s relationship with all statutory and industry-owned research and development corporations. We also worked with the company to help it meet its statutory and contractual obligations in 2014–15.
Scientific and economic research
ABARES prepared a Decision Regulation Impact Statement (RIS) after consulting stakeholders in 2013 on options to improve the National Livestock Identification System (NLIS) for sheep and goats.
The ability to trace livestock allows Australia to respond quickly to food safety incidents and disease outbreaks, minimising their impact and preventing future occurrences. The Decision RIS recommended the NLIS be improved by enhancing the current mob-based system, based on an assessment of the costs and benefits at the national level. It highlighted potential differences in costs between states.
State and territory agriculture ministers agreed their governments would improve the NLIS by building on the existing systems. The ministers also agreed to gather more information on levels of traceability to address gaps in current data.
Live export trade
In mid-2014, ABARES released a report that examined domestic and international factors driving the live export trade. These factors influence the likelihood of a country accepting Australian live animals over meat imports. They include:
- religious or cultural preferences for domestic slaughter
- prevalence of refrigeration and cold chain facilities
- support for a local feedlot/meat processing industry
- tariff and other policy settings.
The report also assessed the benefits to producers and the economy in export returns, farm incomes and employment.
The report provided analysis and statistics for the department’s review into the effectiveness of the Exporter Supply Chain Assurance System (ESCAS), which was released in early 2015 (see Programme 2.1).
The report Live export trade assessment is available on the department's website.