Tests applied to risk food
Reference CRU 03/2019
All imported food must comply with Australia’s biosecurity import conditions.
Biosecurity Import Conditions system (BICON) to determine if the food you intend to import requires an import permit or a treatment or if it must meet any other conditions. All biosecurity requirements must be met before Imported Food Inspection Scheme requirements apply.
Imported Food Inspection Scheme risk food
Cooked crustaceans that are chilled or frozen for human consumption are classified as risk food. Cooked crustaceans may be whole or in portions, peeled or unpeeled. This includes crab, crayfish, lobster, prawn or shrimp.
Food excluded from this testing
- raw crustaceans
- dried crustaceans
- crustaceans that require deep frying or cooking before consumption (the product is not ready-to-eat)
- mixed food containing crustaceans as an ingredient; for example, frozen meals, soup and sauce
- retorted—the final product is in a hermetically sealed (airtight) container and has been heat treated (retorted) within this container so that the final product is shelf stable (not requiring refrigeration).
Risk food sampling
When goods are referred for inspection and testing an authorised officer:
- will take samples for each product type
- will take five sample units per lot for analysis.
Cooked crustaceans that do not support the growth of Listeria monocytogenes
What are cooked crustaceans that do not support the growth of Listeria monocytogenes?
The department’s criteria for cooked crustaceans that do not support the growth of
Listeria monocytogenes is cooked crustaceans that have one or more of the following parameters:
- The cooked crustaceans have a refrigerated shelf life no greater than 5 days (from date of manufacture to the use-by date on the label).
- The cooked crustaceans are frozen and will be consumed within 5 days of thawing.
Imported Food Inspection Scheme (IFIS) importer declarations
Importers and brokers have the option to lodge a voluntary
IFIS Importer declaration for cooked crustaceans that do not support the growth of Listeria monocytogenes. This declaration enables importers to provide information on why the cooked crustaceans do not support the growth of
If the importer or broker lodges a voluntary IFIS importer declaration, they declare that the cooked crustaceans do not support the growth of
Listeria monocytogenes, and the cooked crustaceans will be analysed and assessed against the standard of no more than 100 colony forming units of
Listeria monocytogenes per gram.
Cooked crustaceans lodged without an IFIS importer declaration will be analysed for
Listeria monocytogenes and assessed against the standard of ‘not detected’ in five 25 grams sample units, the standard for ready to eat food in which the growth of
Listeria monocytogenes can occur.
The ‘IFIS importer declaration for cooked crustaceans that do not support the growth of
Listeria monocytogenes’ and more information on lodging importer declarations and documentation for imported food is available on the
Lodging declarations and documentation for imported food webpage.
The department expects that importers maintain records of the information used to complete an IFIS Importer declaration. The department may require importers to present this information upon request when conducting compliance or verification activities.
The department applies inspection and analysis to monitor cooked crustaceans for the presence of
Listeria monocytogenes at the surveillance rate of five per cent of consignments.
Table 1 shows risk food tests applied to imported cooked crustaceans and permitted results.
Table 1 Hazard, test applied and permitted result
|Hazard||Test applied||Permitted result|
|Microorganisms||Coagulase-positive staphylococci/g||n = 5, c = 2, m = 102, M = 103|
Salmonella||Not detected1 in any 25 g sample unit|
|Standard plate count (SPC)/g||n = 5, c = 2, m = 105, M = 106|
Note: Applies if valid IFIS Importer declaration has been lodged
|n = 5, c = 0, m = 100 cfu/g|
Note: Applies if valid IFIS Importer declaration has
not been lodged
|Not detected1 in any 25 g sample unit|
Note: applies to prawns and shrimp only
|Not detected1 in any 25 g sample unit|
|Label and composition assessment||
Food Standards Code chapters 1 and 2|
Imported Food Control Act 1992 section 3(2)(a)(vii) and 3(2)(b)|
n = the minimum number of sample units which must be examined from a lot of food.
c = the maximum allowable number of defective sample units.
m = the acceptable microbiological level in a sample unit.
M = the level which when exceeded (i.e. the level is greater than M) in one or more samples would cause the lot to be rejected.
1 The department allows appointed analysts to composite the five RTE crustacean sample units when the ‘not detected’ standard applies. This may result in reduced testing costs for importers.
Imports from New Zealand
Imports of this food from New Zealand will
not be inspected or analysed under the Imported Food Inspection Scheme. This is because Australia and New Zealand have agreed to mutual recognition for the food safety controls for this food.
|25/03/2019||CRU 03/2019||Added tests for
Consolidates risk food webpage for cooked prawns and shrimp
Replaces Imported Food Notice 09/12 Tests applied to risk category foods