In reporting on the state of its forests, Australia uses the seven criteria developed in 1995 by the international Montreal Process Working Group on Criteria and Indicators for the Conservation and Sustainable Management of Temperate and Boreal Forests. Indicators are nested under each of these criteria.
In 1998, the national Montreal Process Implementation Group for Australia (MIG), comprising representatives of the Australian Government and state and territory governments, adapted the Montreal Process indicators to better suit reporting on Australia's unique forests. In 2006, the MIG reviewed the indicators and reduced the number to 44 to improve reporting in Australia. These 44 indicators have underpinned reporting in the Australia's State of the Forests Report series since then.
The table below shows, for each of the seven criteria, the alignment of Australia's 44 national indicators with the 54 international indicators of the Montreal Process. Almost all of Australia's indicators have a 'strong' alignment with the Montreal Process indicators, with most of the other indicators having a 'partial' alignment. One of Australia's indicators was developed specifically for the Australia context and as such is not represented in the Montreal Process indicators.