Australian crop report

​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​Australian crop report is a quarterly report that assesses crop condition and prospects for major field crops in Australia. It includes analysis of clim​​ate and ag​ronomic conditions and forecasts of area, yield and production in key producing states.

Australian Crop Report: June edition

Key issues

  • It was a mixed start to the 2019–20 winter crop season.
  • Above average rainfall in important growing regions in South Australia, Victoria and southern New South Wales during May replenished soil moisture levels and created favourable planting and growing conditions.
  • There were drier than average seasonal conditions in most cropping regions in Western Australia, northern New South Wales and southern Queensland throughout autumn and soil moisture levels remained low. These conditions constrained planting and hampered early development of dry sown crops.
  • Sufficient and timely winter rainfall will be important for crop development in Western Australia, northern New South Wales and southern Queensland because of low soil moisture levels at the end of autumn.
  • Crops in South Australia, Victoria and southern New South Wales will be less reliant on winter rainfall because of favourable levels of soil moisture in these regions at the end of autumn.
  • Winter rainfall is likely to be average in Western Australia and below average in most other cropping regions, according to the latest three-month rainfall outlook issued by the Bureau of Meteorology on 30 May 2019.
  • There is a significant chance that most areas unlikely to exceed median rainfall will receive enough rainfall to sustain crops that established successfully through until spring.
  • Area planted to winter crops in Australia is forecast to rise by around 9% to 19.6 million hectares in 2019–20, largely reflecting significant area taken out of grains and oilseed production and cut for hay in 2018–19.
  • For the major winter crops, area planted to wheat is forecast to increase by 8% to around 11 million hectares, area planted to barley is forecast to increase by 12% to 4.2 million hectares and area planted to canola is expected to increase by 6% to 2 million hectares.
  • Amongst other crops, area planted to chickpeas is forecast to increase by around 22% to 370,000 hectares and area planted to oats is forecast to rise by 17% to 798,000 hectares.
  • Winter crop production in 2019–20 is forecast to be 36.4 million tonnes, a rise of around 20% from the 2018–19 crop that was adversely affected by frosts and drier than average seasonal conditions in many cropping regions, especially outside of Western Australia.
  • The forecast 2019–20 crop will be around 10% below the 10 year average production to 2018–19.
  • Total Australian summer crop production is estimated to have fallen by 35% to 2.6 million tonnes in 2018–19, driven by falls in production of cotton and rice.

Australian cropping land use

Map of Australia showing boundaries of Australian agricultural land use.  
Note: excludes sugarcane
Source: ABARES 2017, Catchment Scale Land Use of Australia - Update September 2017, ABARES, Canberra, November. CC BY 4.0.

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Department of Agriculture and Water Resources, 2019

Download the full version of the Australian Crop Report: June 2019 No. 190.

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Last reviewed:
11 Jun 2019