Productivity publications


Using hedonic modelling to analyse farmland price movements
The Measuring Australian broadacre farmland value: Phase 1 - Statistical infrastructure report contains preliminary findings on the construction of hedonic models to estimate values of Australian farmland.

Productivity of Australia’s broadacre and dairy industry, 2017–18
This publication provides the latest update of ABARES broadacre and dairy productivity estimates, through to 2017–18

Disaggregating farm performance statistics by size, 2017–18
Farm business size is an important indicator of performance. This report provides farm financial performance statistics by different size categories for the broadacre, dairy and vegetable industries.


Information and communications technology use in Australian agriculture
Dufty N, and Jackson T – ABARES research report
New information and communications technology (ICT) could deliver the next wave of productivity growth in Australian agriculture. This report explores the role of ICT and potential barriers to its use on farms. Results from ABARES survey, of over 2200 farmers in 2016–17, are presented for broadacre, dairy and vegetable farms.

Productivity in Australia’s broadacre and dairy industries (2018)
Boult C, Valle H, Zhao S, & Jackson T – ABARES research report
This report provides a detailed  update of the productivity estimates for the broadacre and dairy industries, through to 2015-16. This edition also provides a special insight into the effects of farm size on productivity in the beef industry.

Farm performance: broadacre and dairy farms 2015-16 to 2017-18 (2018) – Agricultural commodities report
Martin, P, Levantis C, Shafron W, Phillips P, Valle H, & Frilay J – ABARES Agricultural Commodities
This publication reports on farm performance and explores the estimates of productivity trends in Australia’s broadacre and dairy industries up to 2015-16.

Exploring the relationship between farm size and productivity: Evidence from the Australian grains industry
Sheng Y & Chancellor W – Food Policy Journal
Farm size has a positive relationship with productivity (i.e. large farms tend to have higher productivity) and capital hire may provide a channel to improve farm productivity.

Evaluating the benefits from transport infrastructure in agriculture: a hedonic analysis of farmland prices
Sheng Y, Jackson T & Lawson K – Australian Journal of Agricultural and Resource Economics
Better transport infrastructure (which reduces transport costs) increases the value of farmland traded. The benefits generated by particular types of infrastructure services vary between industries and with farm size.

What difference does labour choice make to farm productivity and profitability in the Australian horticulture industry?
Zhao S, Binks B, Kruger H, Xia C & Stenekes N – ABARES research report
On average seasonal workers are more productive than backpackers, but non-wage labour costs are higher. The benefits of hiring seasonal workers is likely to at least cover the higher costs and deliver a profitability gain to farmers, as non-wage costs are generally relatively small.


Australian grains: outlook for 2017-18 and industry productivity
Pitts N, Cameron A, Xia C & Hughes N – ABARES research report
A summary ABARES research on the grains outlook and productivity is presented. 

Farm performance and climate: Climate-adjusted productivity for broadacre cropping farms
Hughes N, Lawson K & Valle H – ABARES research report
Declines in winter rainfall, with a deterioration in climate conditions, across many grain-growing regions reduced productivity levels between 2000-01 and 2014-15. Farms have become less sensitive to adverse climate shocks in the decade to 2014-15, suggesting farmers have adopted a variety of management practices that reduced the impact of lower winter rainfall. 

Rural Research Development & Extension investment in Australia
Millist N, Chancellor W & Jackson T – ABARES research report
Australian rural research development and extension funding was worth over $3.3 billion in 2014-15. This report explores the Australian rural R&D system.

Labour force survey – horticulture, vegetable and cotton industry 2014-15
Valle H, Millist N & Galeano D – ABARES research report
This paper provides insights into vegetable, horticulture and cotton farmers’ use of labour, recent recruitment experiences and expected future labour requirements.

Productivity in Australia’s broadacre and dairy industries (2017)
Xia C, Zhao S & Valle H – ABARES Agricultural Commodities
This note explores the latest estimates of productivity trends in Australia’s beef, sheep, cropping and dairy industries. The effect of climate on cropping productivity is examined in more detail.

Resource Reallocation and its Contribution to Productivity Growth in Australian Broadacre
Sheng Y, Jackson T & Gooday P  – Australian Journal of Agricultural and Resource Economics
This article uses farm survey data to assess the contribution of cross-farm resource reallocation to industry-level productivity growth in Australian broadacre agriculture. 


Has Growth in Productivity in Australian Broadacre Agriculture Slowed? A Historical View
Sheng Y, Mullen JD, Zhao S – Annals of Agricultural Crop Sciences
Agricultural productivity growth has slowed since the mid-1990s; likely due to long-term decline in public R&D investment and climate variability.

​​​​Measuring Output, Input and Total Factor Productivity in Australian Agriculture: An Industry-Level Analysis 
Sheng Y, Jackson T, Zhao S & Zhang D – The Review of Income and Wealth
This technical paper uses the growth accounting approach to estimate total factor productivity in the Australian agriculture industry between 1949 & 2012.

Productivity in Australian broadacre and dairy industries (2016)
Valle H – ABARES Agricultural Commodities
This note examines the 2016 estimates of productivity trends in Australia’s beef, sheep, cropping and dairy industries. Some of ABARES findings on the drivers of productivity are also summarised.

Input Substitution, Productivity Performance and Farm Size 
Sheng Y, Davidson A, Fuglie K, Zhang D  –  Australian Journal of Agricultural and Resource Economics
This paper explores the relationship between the input substitution, farm productivity and size. A theoretical model is developed and tested using farm survey data from Australian broadacre agriculture.

Disaggregating farm performance statistics by size
Jackson T & Shafron W – ABARES Agricultural Commodities
This note explores how farm performance varies relative to farm size.

Resource reallocation and its contribution to productivity growth in Australian dairy industry: Implications of Deregulation
Sheng Y & Jackson T – ABARES Technical Research Report
This paper uses farm-level data to examine resource reallocation in the Australian dairy industry between 1979 and 2013, and assesses the contribution of this process to industry-level productivity growth before and after deregulation reforms were introduced in 2000.

Farm-to-retail price spread and farm share in food supply chains
Nguyen N, Mobsby D & Goesch – ABARES research report
This report examines Australian and international experience in monitoring farmgate and retail prices for food products. It also outlines a simple methodology to monitor farm shares and farm-to-retail price spreads for food products, and investigates the potential to apply the methodology to Australian data.

Resource Reallocation and its Contribution to Productivity Growth in Australian Broadacre Agriculture
Sheng Y, Jackson T & Gooday P - ABARES Technical Research Report
Resource reallocation between relative farms accounted for around half the industry-level productivity growth between 1978 and 2010, and its contribution increased over time. This effect is mainly caused by the asymmetric impact of technological progress on incumbent farms.

For access to all ABARES past productivity-related research visit the ABARES publications library.

Last reviewed: 19 December 2019
Thanks for your feedback.
Thanks! Your feedback has been submitted.

We aren't able to respond to your individual comments or questions.
To contact us directly phone us or submit an online inquiry

Please verify that you are not a robot.