Strawberries from Japan

Public consultation on the draft report for the strawberries (Fragaria × ananassa) from Japan risk analysis has closed.

When we do a risk analysis, we:

  • review the science on pests and diseases of concern
  • assess and analyse biosecurity risks
  • develop proposed risk management measures, if required
  • consult the public on the draft report and then review comments
  • publish the final report
  • verify that the country can meet the import requirements
  • develop import conditions
  • publish import conditions in our Biosecurity Import Conditions system (BICON).

About the risk analysis

We initiated this risk analysis because Japan requested market access for fresh strawberries. Learn more about why we carry out risk analyses and our international obligations.

We are conducting this assessment in accordance with Section 174 of the Biosecurity Act 2015. This is because we conducted an assessment of the potential quarantine pests associated with strawberries from Japan and have found that:

  • the pests of concern are the same, or of the same pest groups, as those pests that have been assessed previously for other horticultural goods
  • there are appropriate risk management measures already established for these pests or pest groups.

Draft report

We released the draft report on 6 June 2019 for a 60 calendar day public consultation period, closing on 5 August 2019.

We proposed import of strawberries from Japan be permitted provided they meet the biosecurity import requirements. All imports must come from commercial production areas of Japan. Strawberries must be produced in a glasshouse, a plastic tunnel house or an equivalent structure.


Ten pests associated with strawberries are present in Japan, and need risk management measures to reduce the risk to an acceptable level. These pests are:

  • Drosophilid flies: Drosophila pulchrella and Drosophila subpulchrella, and spotted wing drosophila (Drosophila suzukii)
  • Spider mites: hawthorn spider mite (Amphitetranychus viennensis), spider mite (Eotetranychus geniculatus) and Kanzawa spider mite (Tetranychus kanzawai)
  • Thrips: tobacco thrips (Frankliniella fusca), Eurasian flower thrips (Frankliniella intonsa), western flower thrips (Frankliniella occidentalis)
  • Bacteria: angular leaf spot (Xanthomonas fragariae).

Risk management measures

We proposed a range of measures to reduce the risk of these pests arriving in Australia via the strawberry fruit pathway.

  • For drosophilid flies: area freedom, or fruit treatment (such as methyl bromide fumigation or irrigation)
  • For spider mites and thrips: pre-export visual inspection and, if pests are detected, remedial action
  • For angular leaf spot: area freedom or a systems approach approved by the Department of Agriculture.

Download draft report

Department of Agriculture, June 2019.



File size

Draft report of the review of biosecurity import requirements for fresh strawberry fruit from Japan PDFPDF Icon


4.9 MB

Draft report of the review of biosecurity import requirements for fresh strawberry fruit from Japan DOCXWord Icon


4.6 MB

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More information about this risk analysis is available in the Announcement Information Paper.

Download Announcement Information Paper

Department of Agriculture and Water Resources, November 2017.



File size

Announcement information paper – commencement of a review of biosecurity import requirements for the importation of fresh strawberry fruit from Japan PDFPDF Icon


196 KB

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Australia-Japan trade

Australia and Japan have a strong two-way trading relationship. Japan is Australia’s second largest market for agricultural, fisheries and forestry products, worth $5.8 billion in 2017/18. Japan is also an important horticultural market for Australia, with exports of fruit and nuts worth $172 million and vegetables worth $43 million in 2017.

Strawberry industry in Japan

Strawberries are cultivated throughout Japan, however production is concentrated on the coasts of the islands of Honshu and Kyushu. In major growing areas, strawberry fruit is typically harvested from November to May.

Over 99 per cent of strawberries produced in Japan are for domestic consumption. In 2014, Japan exported at total of 205 tonnes of strawberries to markets in Hong Kong (85 per cent), Taiwan (12 per cent), Singapore (one per cent) and Thailand (one per cent).

Strawberry industry in Australia

In Australia, strawberries are produced in almost all Australian states. The peak production period for Queensland and Western Australia is from June to October, and for southern states is from October to May.

In 2016-17, Australia produced more than 91,000 tonnes of strawberries valued at $507m, of this around 3,800 tonnes of fresh strawberries, worth $32.6 million were exported.

Next steps

We are considering all comments we received on the draft report. Your feedback is helping to inform our final report.

We expect to release the final report in the first quarter of 2020. Please note that this is an indicative timeline and may be subject to change.

After verifying that Japan can meet the recommended biosecurity requirements we will develop import conditions. Import conditions will be published on our Biosecurity Import Conditions system (BICON).

Keep informed

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Contact us

For more information, email imports or phone 1800 900 090 (option 1, option 1).

Last reviewed: 4 November 2019
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