Appendix 1: Current Montreal process socio-economic indicators


Criterion 6: Maintenance and enh​ancement of long-term multiple socio-economic benefits to meet the needs of societies


Production and consumption

a. Value and volume of wood and wood products production, including value added through downstream processing-(a);

b. Value and quantities of production of non-wood forest products-(b);

c. Supply and consumption of wood and wood products, including consumption per capita-(a);

d. Value of wood and non-wood products production as percentage of GDP-(a or b);

e. Degree of recycling of forest products-(a or b); and

f. Supply and consumption/use of non-wood products-(a or b).

Recreation and tourism

a. Area and percent of forest land managed for general recreation and tourism, in relation to the total area of forest land-(a or b);

b. Number and type of facilities available for general recreation and tourism, in relation to population and forest area-(a or b); and

c. Number of visitor days attributed to recreation and tourism, in relation to population and forest area-(b).

Investment in the forest sector

a. Value of investment, including investment in forest growing, forest health and management, planted forests, wood processing, recreation and tourism-(a);

b. Level of expenditure on research and development, and education-(b);

c. Extension and use of new and improved technologies-(b); and

d. Rates of return on investment-(b).

Cultural, social and spiritual needs and values

a. Area and percent of forest land managed in relation to the total area of forest land to protect the range of cultural, social and spiritual needs and values-(a or b); and

b. Non-consumptive use forest values-(b).

Employment and community needs

a. Direct and indirect employment in the forest sector and forest sector employment as a proportion of total employment-(a or b);

b. Average wage rates and injury rates in major employment categories within the forest sector-(a);

c. Viability and adaptability to changing economic conditions, of forest dependent communities, including indigenous communities-(b); and

d. Area and percent of forest land used for subsistence purposes-(b).

1: Indicators followed by an "a" are those for which most data are available. Indicators followed by a "b" are those which may require the gathering of new or additional data and/or a new program of systematic sampling or basic research.
2: IUCN categories include: I. Strict protection, II. Ecosystem conservation and tourism, III. Conservation of natural features, IV. Conservation through active management, V. Landscape/Seascape conservation and recreation, VI. Sustainable use of natural ecosystems.​

Last reviewed: 4 November 2019
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