National Priority Plant Pests (2019)

Endorsed by Plant Health Committee Out of Session, 29 August 2019

Priority

Pest/pest group

Scientific name(s)

Common name

1

Xylella and exotic vectors

Bacterial pathogens of Xylella genus and confirmed and unconfirmed exotic vectors, including:
Acrogonia citrina
Acrogonia terminalis
Cicadella viridis
Dilobopterus costalimai
Draeculacephala minerva
Graphocephala atropunctata
Homalodisca vitripennis
Oncometopia fasciali
Philaenus spumarius
Xyphon fulgidum

Pierce's disease (in grapevine)
California vine disease (in grapevine)
Anaheim disease (in grapevine)
Dwarf (in lucerne)
Phony disease (in peach)
Leaf scald (in plum)
Bacterial leaf scorch (in coffee, almond, blueberry, oleander, elm, oak, plane, mulberry, maple)
Citrus variegated chlorosis (in citrus)
Wilt (in periwinkle)
Vectors:
Green leafhopper
Green sharpshooter
Blue-green sharpshooter
Glassy winged sharpshooter
Spittle, meadow froghopper
Redheaded sharpshooter

2

Khapra beetle

Trogoderma granarium

Khapra beetle

3

Spotted wing drosophila

Drosophila suzukii

Spotted wing drosophila

4

Exotic, economic fruit fly (lure and non-lure responsive)

High priority
Anastrepha ludens
Bactrocera carambolae
Bactrocera dorsalis
Bactrocera trivialis
Ceratitis capitata
Zeugodacus cucurbitae

Medium priority
Bactrocera albistrigata
Bactrocera correcta
Bactrocera kirki
Bactrocera latifrons
Bactrocera tsuneonis
Bactrocera zonata
Zeugodacus tau

 

Mexican fruit fly
Carambola fruit fly
Oriental fruit fly
No common name
Mediterranean fruit fly
Melon fly

 

White striped fruit fly
Guava fruit fly
No common name
Solanum fruit fly
Citrus fruit fly
Peach fruit fly
No common name

5

Karnal bunt

Tilletia indica

Karnal bunt

6

‘Candidatus Liberibacter asiaticus’ (and other strains) complex

'Candidatus  Liberibacter africanus'
'Candidatus  Liberibacter americanus'
'Candidatus  Liberibacter asiaticus'
Diaphorina citri (vector)
Trioza erytreae (vector)

Huanglongbing and vectors

 

7

Exotic invasive ants

Brachyponera chinensis
Lepisiota frauenfeldi
Nylanderia fulva
Solenopsis invicta
Solenopsis richteri
Wasmannia auropunctata

Asian needle ant
Browsing ant
Tawny crazy ant or raspberry ant
Red imported fire ant
Black imported fire ant
Electric ant

8

Gypsy moth

Lymantria dispar asiatica
Lymantria dispar dispar
Lymantria dispar japonica
Lymantria monacha

Asian gypsy moth
Nth American/Europe gypsy moth
Japanese gypsy moth
Nun moth

9

Brown marmorated stink bug

Halyomorpha halys

Brown marmorated stink bug

10

Internal and external mites of bees(Apis spp.)

Acarapis woodi
Tropilaelaps clareae
Tropilaelaps mercedesae
Varroa jacobsoni
Varroa destructor

Tracheal mite (internal)
Tropilaelaps mite (external) Tropilaelaps mite (external)
Varroa mite (external)
Varroa mite (external)

11

 

Guava (eucalyptus) rust (exotic strains)

Austropuccinia psidii (exotic strains)

Guava (eucalyptus/myrtle) rust

12

Exotic invasive snails

 

Achatina fulica
Monacha spp.
Massylaea spp.
Pomacea canaliculata
Caracollina lenticula

Giant African snail
No common name
No common name
Golden (or channelled) apple Snail
No common name

13

Candidatus Liberibacter solanacearum’ complex

‘Candidatus Liberibacter solanacearum’ haplotypes
 Bactericera cockerelli (vector of Haplotype A and B), exotic)
Bactericera trigonica (vector of Haplotype D and E)
Trioza apicalis (vector of Haplotype C)

Zebra chip
Psyllid yellows

 

 

 

14

Airborne Phytophthora spp.

Phytophthora kernoviae  Phytophthora ramorum

Phytophthora blight
Sudden oak death

15

Ug99 wheat stem rust

Puccinia graminis f. sp. tritici (exotic strains)

Ug99

16

Citrus canker

Xanthomonas citri subsp. citri

Citrus canker

17

Exotic bees (Apis spp.)

Apis cerana (exotic)
Apis dorsata
Apis florea
Apis mellifera capensis
Apis mellifera scutellata
Apis mellifera scutellata (hybrid)

Asian honey bee (exotic)
Giant honey bee
Dwarf honeybee
Cape honey bee
African honey bee
Africanised honey bee

18

Fire blight

Erwinia amylovora

Fire blight

19

 

Potato cyst nematode (exotic strains)

Globodera spp. including G. pallida, G. rostochiensis (exotic strains)

Potato cyst nematode (golden, white, or pale)

20

Leaf miners (exotic species)

Liriomyza bryoniae
Liriomyza cicerina
Liriomyza huidobrensis
Liriomyza sativae
Liriomyza trifolii

Tomato leaf miner
Chickpea leaf miner 
Serpentine leaf miner
Vegetable leaf miner
American serpentine leaf miner

21

Texas root rot

Phymatotrichum omnivorum

Texas root rot

22

Panama disease

Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. cubense Tropical Race 4

Panama disease Tropical Race 4

 

23

Cyst nematodes of cereals (exotic species)

Heterodera carotae
Heterodera filipjevi
Heterodera glycines
Heterodera latipons
Heterodera sorghi
Heterodera zeae

Carrot cyst nematode
Cereal cyst nematode
Soybean cyst nematode
Cereal cyst nematode
Sorghum cyst nematode
Maize/corn cyst nematode

24

Plum pox virus

Plum pox virus

Sharka

25

Exotic drywood termites

Cryptotermes brevis
Cryptotermes dudleyi
Incisitermes minor

West Indian drywood termite
Drywood termite
Western drywood termite

26

Wheat stem sawfly (exotic species)

Cephus cinctus
Cephus pygmeaus

Wheat stem sawfly
European wheat stem sawfly

27

Barley stripe rust (exotic strains)

Puccinia striiformis f. sp. hordei (exotic strains)

Barley stripe rust

 

28

Hessian fly (Mayetiola spp.)

Mayetiola destructor
Mayetiola hordei

Hessian fly
Barley stem gall midge

29

Exotic subterranean termites

Coptotermes formosanus
Coptotermes gestroi

Formosan termite
Asian subterranean termite

30

Phytoplasmas 16Srl group

Phytoplasmas 16Srl group

Phytoplasmas 16Srl group (aster yellows group)

31

Armyworm (exotic species)

Spodoptera eridania
Spodoptera frugiperda

Southern army worm
Southern fall army worm

32

Exotic Tobamovirus

Cucumber fruit mottle mosaic virus
Cucumber green mottle mosaic virus
Cucumber mottle virus
Kyuri green mottle mosaic virus
Potato 14R virus
Ribgrass mosaic virus
Tobacco mosaic virus— Potato strain
Tomato brown rugose fruit virus
Tomato mottle mosaic virus
Turnip-vein clearing virus
Wasabi mottle virus
Youcai mosaic virus
Zucchini green mottle mosaic virus

CFMMV
CGMMV
CMV
KGMMV
Potato 14R virus
RMV
TMV-P
ToBRFV
ToMMV
TVCV
WMoV
YoMV
ZGMMV

33

Bursaphelenchus spp. and exotic sawyer beetle vectors

Bursaphelenchus cocophilus
Bursaphelenchus xylophilus
Monochamus spp. (vector)

Red ring disease (nematode)
Pine wilt nematode
Pine sawyer beetles (vector)

34

Exotic longhorn beetles (Anoplophora spp.)

Anoplophora chinensis
Anoplophora glabripennis
Anoplophora malasiaca

Black & white citrus longhorn
Asian longhorn beetle
White-spotted longhorn beetle

35

Grape phylloxera

Daktulosphaira vitifoliae

Grape phylloxera

36

Exotic stem borers of sugarcane and cereals (Chilo spp.)

 

Chilo auricilius
Chilo infuscatellus
Chilo orichalcociliella
Chilo partellus
Chilo polychrysa
Chilo sacchariphagus
Chilo terrenellus
Chilo tumidicostalis
Eldana saccharina
Sesamia grisescens
Scirpophaga excerptalis

Sugarcane stalk borer
Yellow top borer of sugarcane
Coastal stem borer
Spotted stem borer
Stem borer
Spotted sugarcane borer
Sugarcane stem borer
Spotted sugar cane stem borer
African sugarcane stalk borer
Pink stalk borer
Top borer

37

Potato late blight (exotic strains)

Phytophthora infestans (exotic strains)

Potato late blight

38

Pine pitch canker

Fusarium circinatum

Pine pitch canker

39

Grapevine leaf rust

Phakopsora euvitis

Grapevine leaf rust

40

Exotic Begomovirus and vectors

Begomovirus (exotic)
Bemisia tabaci (exotic, vector)

Begomovirus
Silver leaf whitefly (vector)

41

Dutch elm disease

Ophiostoma novo-ulmi

Dutch elm disease

42

Banana phytoplasma diseases

‘Candidatus Phytoplasma asteris

Candidatus Phytoplasma novoguineense

Banana wilt associated phytoplasma
Banana wilt, Banana Elephantiasis Disease

Australia’s National Priority Plant Pests game [PDF 2.1MB]—a playing card game to learn about biosecurity pest and disease threats to Australia’s natural environment and plant health.

Last reviewed: 31 July 2020
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