Pomegranate fruit from India

We have released a draft report for the fresh pomegranate (Punica granatum) whole fruit and processed arils from India risk analysis.

When we do a risk analysis, we:

  • review the science on pests and diseases of concern
  • assess and analyse biosecurity risks
  • develop proposed risk management measures, if required
  • consult the public on the draft report and then review comments
  • publish the final report
  • verify that the country can meet the import conditions
  • develop import conditions
  • publish import conditions in our Biosecurity Import Conditions system (BICON).

About the risk analysis

We initiated this risk analysis because India requested market access for fresh pomegranate whole fruit and processed arils from India. Learn more about why we carry out risk analyses and our international obligations.

This risk analysis was conducted in accordance with Section 174 of the Biosecurity Act 2015. This is because we conducted an assessment of the potential quarantine pests associated with fresh pomegranate whole fruit and processed arils from India and have found that:

  • the pests of concern are the same, or of the same pest groups, as those pests that have been assessed previously for other horticultural goods
  • there are appropriate risk management measures already established for these pests or pest groups.

Draft report

We released the draft report on 18 October 2019 for a 60 calendar day public consultation period, ending on 17 December 2019.

We proposed import of fresh pomegranate whole fruit and processed arils from India be permitted provided they meet the biosecurity import conditions.  All imports must come from commercial production areas of India.

Fresh pomegranate whole fruit

Fourteen pests associated with fresh pomegranate whole fruit are present in India, and need risk management measures to reduce the risk to an acceptable level. These pests are:

  • Fruit flies: carambola fruit fly (Bactrocera carambolae), Oriental fruit fly (Bactrocera dorsalis), and peach fruit fly (Bactrocera zonata)
  • Scale insect: almond mealybug (Drosicha dalbergiae)
  • Mites: flat scarlet mite (Cenopalpus pulcher), pomegranate mite (Tenuipalpus granati),andfalse spider mite (Tenuipalpus punicae)
  • Thrips: western flower thrips (Frankliniella occidentalis), chilli thrips (Scirtothrips dorsalis), and mangosteen thrips (Scirtothrips oligochaetus)
  • Mealybugs: grey pineapple mealybug (Dysmicoccus neobrevipes), papaya mealybug (Paracoccus marginatus), and vine mealybug (Planococcus ficus)
  • Bacterium: bacterial blight of pomegranate (Xanthomonas axonopodis pv. punicae).

We proposed a range of measures to reduce the risk of these pests arriving in Australia via the fresh pomegranate whole fruit pathway.

  • For fruit flies: area freedom or fruit treatment (such as cold treatment or irradiation)
  • For scale insects, mites, thrips and/or mealybugs: appropriate packing house measures combined with pre-export visual inspection and, if found, remedial action
  • For bacterial blight of pomegranate: area freedom or a systems approach approved by the Department of Agriculture.

Fresh pomegranate processed arils

Three pests associated with pomegranate processed arils are present in India, and need risk management measures to reduce the risk to an acceptable level. These pests are:

  • Fruit flies: carambola fruit fly (Bactrocera carambolae), Oriental fruit fly (Bactrocera dorsalis), and peach fruit fly (Bactrocera zonata).

We proposed a range of measures to reduce the risk of these pests arriving in Australia via the fresh pomegranate processed arils pathway.

  • area freedom, a systems approach approved by the Department of Agriculture, or fruit treatment (such as irradiation) to reduce the risks posed by the three quarantine fruit flies.

Make a submission

You are invited to:

  • read the draft report
  • submit your feedback through Have Your Say.

This consultation closes on 17 December 2019.

We will consider your comments when preparing the final report.

Download draft report

Department of Agriculture, October 2019.

DocumentPagesFile size
Draft report for the review of biosecurity import requirements for fresh pomegranate whole fruit and processed ‘ready-to-eat’ arils from India PDF2704.5 MB
Draft report for the review of biosecurity import requirements for fresh pomegranate whole fruit and processed ‘ready-to-eat’ arils from India DOCX27010.3 MB

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Announcement

More information about this risk analysis is available in the Announcement Information Paper.

Download Announcement Information Paper

Department of Agriculture, July 2018.

DocumentPagesFile size
Announcement information paper – Commencement of a review of biosecurity import requirements for fresh pomegranate fruit from India PDF3503 KB

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Trade

Australia-India trade

India is Australia’s tenth largest trading partner with two-way goods and services totalling $19.6 billion in 2016-17.

In 2017–2018, Australia imported approximately $43 million in fruit, vegetables and tree nuts from India and exported approximately $154 million in fruit, vegetables and tree nuts to India.

Pomegranate industry in India

India is one of the largest producers of pomegranate in the world. Pomegranate is produced throughout the year in India, however, the peak season is from February to May.

Maharashtra is India’s major pomegranate producing state, accounting for approximately 66% of total pomegranate production.

In 2015–16, the total area under pomegranate production was 196,890 hectares. Of this total area, 70.2% was situated in Maharashtra.

Pomegranate industry in Australia

The Australian Pomegranate Industry is small and is largely focussed on the domestic market. The pomegranate industry has a peak body, the Australian Pomegranate Association, which was formed in November 2017.

Pomegranate is produced in Queensland, New South Wales, Victoria, South Australia and Western Australia. Commercial varieties grown in Australia include ‘Wonderful’, ‘Azerbajanii’, ‘Rosavaya’, ‘The Big Red’, ‘Jennings’, ‘Jativa’ and ‘Griffith’. These varieties are not known to be commercially grown in India. 

Next steps

Our public consultation will close on 17 December 2019.

After this we will:

  • consider all feedback
  • develop and publish a final report.

We will then develop import conditions, which will be published on our Biosecurity Import Conditions system (BICON).

Your feedback during the consultation period will help inform our final report for fresh pomegranate whole fruit and processed arils from India. We expect to release the final report in the second quarter of 2020. Please note that this is an indicative timeline and may be subject to change.

Keep informed

Register as a stakeholder

Subscribe to the plant stakeholder register to receive notices about plant biosecurity policies.

Contact us

For more information, email imports or phone 1800 900 090 (option 1, option 1).


Last reviewed: 4 November 2019
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