Pomegranate fruit from India

We have completed a final report for the fresh pomegranate (Punica granatum) whole fruit and processed ‘ready-to-eat’ arils from India risk analysis. We will now verify that India can meet the import conditions.

When we do a risk analysis, we:

  • review the science on pests and diseases of concern
  • assess and analyse biosecurity risks
  • develop proposed risk management measures, if required
  • consult the public on the draft report and then review comments
  • publish the final report
  • verify that the country can meet the import conditions
  • develop import conditions
  • publish import conditions in our Biosecurity Import Conditions system (BICON).

About the risk analysis

We initiated this risk analysis because India requested market access for fresh pomegranate whole fruit and processed arils from India. Learn more about why we carry out risk analyses and our international obligations.

This risk analysis was conducted in accordance with Section 174 of the Biosecurity Act 2015. This is because we conducted an assessment of the potential quarantine pests associated with fresh pomegranate whole fruit and processed arils from India and have found that:

  • the pests of concern are the same, or of the same pest groups, as those pests that have been assessed previously for other horticultural goods
  • there are appropriate risk management measures already established for these pests or pest groups.

Final report

Summary of the final report

We recommend that the importation of fresh pomegranate whole fruit and processed ‘ready-to-eat’ arils from India be permitted provided the biosecurity import conditions are met. All imports must come from commercial production areas of India.

Fresh pomegranate whole fruit

Thirteen pests associated with fresh pomegranate whole fruit are present in India, and need risk management measures to reduce the risk to an acceptable level. These pests are:

  • Fruit flies: carambola fruit fly (Bactrocera carambolae), Oriental fruit fly (Bactrocera dorsalis) and peach fruit fly (Bactrocera zonata)
  • Scale insect: almond mealybug (Drosicha dalbergiae)
  • Mites: pomegranate mite (Tenuipalpus granati) and pomegranate false spider mite (Tenuipalpus punicae)
  • Thrips: western flower thrips (Frankliniella occidentalis), chilli thrips (Scirtothrips dorsalis) and mangosteen thrips (Scirtothrips oligochaetus)
  • Mealybugs: grey pineapple mealybug (Dysmicoccus neobrevipes), papaya mealybug (Paracoccus marginatus) and vine mealybug (Planococcus ficus)
  • Bacterium: bacterial blight of pomegranate (Xanthomonas axonopodis pv. punicae).

Two of the thrips species, western flower thrips and chilli thrips, have been assessed as regulated articles as they are capable of harbouring and spreading emerging tospoviruses that are quarantine pests for Australia. Western flower thrips has been identified as a regional quarantine pest for the Northern Territory because interstate quarantine regulations and enforcement are in place for this species.

The final report recommends a range of measures to reduce the risk of these pests arriving in Australia via the fresh pomegranate whole fruit pathway:

  • for fruit flies: area freedom or fruit treatment (such as cold treatment)
  • for scale insect, mites, thrips and/or mealybugs: appropriate packing house practices combined with pre-export visual inspection and, if found, remedial action
  • for bacterial blight of pomegranate: area freedom or a systems approach approved by the Department of Agriculture, Water and the Environment.

Fresh pomegranate processed arils

Three fruit fly pests associated with pomegranate processed ‘ready-to-eat’ arils are present in India and need risk management measures to reduce the risk to an acceptable level:

  • Carambola fruit fly, Oriental fruit fly and peach fruit fly.

The final report recommends three measures to reduce the risk of these pests arriving in Australia via the fresh pomegranate processed arils pathway:

  • area freedom, a systems approach approved by the Department of Agriculture, Water and the Environment, or fruit treatment.

Your feedback on the draft report

Based on stakeholder comments, and a review of scientific literature we have made a number of changes to the risk analysis. These changes include:

  • Minor amendments to Chapter 3: ‘India’s commercial production practices for pomegranate whole fruit and processed arils’, to clarify the production and processing steps for commercially produced pomegranate whole fruit and processed arils.
  • Amendments to Chapter 4: ‘Pest risk assessments for quarantine pests’, and elsewhere as appropriate, following a review of the risk assessments for cornelian butterfly (Deudorix epijarbas) and pomegranate butterfly (Deudorix isocrates) (Section 4.2), pomegranate aphid (Aphis punicae) (Section 4.3), almond mealybug (Drosicha dalbergiae) (Section 4.4), pomegranate mite (Tenuipalpus granati) and pomegranate false spider mite (Tenuipalpus punicae) (Section 4.5), ripe rot (Coleophoma empetri) (Section 4.11) and pomegranate scab (Elsinoë punicae) (Section 4.12). Where appropriate, changes were made to the likelihood assessments of importation, distribution, establishment and/or spread, and the potential consequence assessment. The outcome of the review resulted in a change to the unrestricted risk estimate for pomegranate aphid, which continued to be assessed as achieving the ALOP. Further assessment of flat scarlet mite (Cenopalpus pulcher) indicated that the pest is unlikely to be on the pathway and therefore did not require risk assessment; accordingly, it has been removed from Chapter 4.
  • Amendments to Appendix A-1: ‘Initiation and categorisation for pests of pomegranate whole fruit from India’ and ‘Appendix A-2: Pests of pomegranate fruit that are assessed for pomegranate processed arils from India for human consumption’, and elsewhere as appropriate, following a review of the primary elements of the pest categorisation assessment to identify the quarantine pests that require further assessment.
  • In addition, re-examination of the draft pest categorisation has resulted in eight pests now being considered as present within Australia, three pests as not being on the pathway and one pest as unlikely to establish and spread in Australia. Additional information and references have been included in Appendix A-1 where appropriate to support the outcomes of the review.
  • Addition of ‘Appendix B: Issues raised in stakeholder comments’, which summarises the key technical issues raised by stakeholders, and how they were considered by the department.
  • Minor corrections, rewording and editorial changes for consistency, accuracy, clarity, and web-accessibility.

Download submissions on the draft report

Available until June, 2021.

Document Pages File size
Western Australian Department of Primary Industries and Regional Development PDF 5 361 KB
Victorian Department of Jobs, Precincts and Regions PDF 8 341 KB
New South Wales’ Department of Primary Industries PDF 3 254 KB
Queensland’s Department of Agriculture and Fisheries PDF 2 66 KB
Kharar Pty Ltd. (Bobby Kundlas) PDF 2 114 KB
Balwinder Heer PDF 2 114 KB

Published submissions may not meet Australian Government accessibility requirements as they have not been prepared by us. If you have difficulty accessing these files, contact us for help.

Download final report

Department of Agriculture, Water and the Environment, June 2020.

Document Pages File size
Final report of the review of biosecurity import requirements for fresh pomegranate whole fruit and processed ‘ready-to-eat’ arils from India PDF 278 3.8 MB
Final report of the review of biosecurity import requirements for fresh pomegranate whole fruit and processed ‘ready-to-eat’ arils from India DOCX 278 9.7 MB

If you have difficulty accessing this file, visit web accessibility for assistance.

Draft report

We released the draft report on 18 October 2019 for a 60 calendar day public consultation period, closing on 17 December 2019.

Download draft report

Department of Agriculture, October 2019.

Available until June, 2021

Document Pages File size
Draft report for the review of biosecurity import requirements for fresh pomegranate whole fruit and processed ‘ready-to-eat’ arils from India PDF 270 4.5 MB
Draft report for the review of biosecurity import requirements for fresh pomegranate whole fruit and processed ‘ready-to-eat’ arils from India DOCX 270 10.3 MB

If you have difficulty accessing this file, visit web accessibility for assistance.

Announcement

More information about this risk analysis is available in the Announcement Information Paper.

Download Announcement Information Paper

Department of Agriculture, July 2018.

Available until June 2021

Document Pages File size
Announcement information paper – Commencement of a review of biosecurity import requirements for fresh pomegranate fruit from India PDF 3 503 KB

If you have difficulty accessing this file, visit web accessibility for assistance.

Trade

Australia-India trade

India is Australia’s eighth largest trading partner with two-way goods and services totalling $30.3 billion in 2018-19.

In 2018–19, Australia imported approximately $45.5 million in fruit, vegetables and tree nuts from India and exported approximately $135 million in fruit, vegetables and tree nuts to India.

Pomegranate industry in India

India is one of the largest producers of pomegranate in the world. Pomegranate is produced throughout the year in India, with the peak season from February to May.

In 2015-16, the total area under pomegranate production was 196,890 hectares. Maharashtra is India’s major pomegranate producing state, accounting for 70.2% of the total area and approximately 66% of total production.

Pomegranate industry in Australia

The Australian Pomegranate Industry is small and is largely focussed on the domestic market. The pomegranate industry has a peak body, the Australian Pomegranate Association, which was formed in November 2017.

Pomegranate is produced in Queensland, New South Wales, Victoria, South Australia and Western Australia. Commercial varieties grown in Australia include 'Wonderful', 'Azerbaijani', 'Rosavaya', 'The Big Red', 'Jennings', 'Jativa' and 'Griffith'. These varieties are not known to be commercially grown in India. 

Next steps

Before imports can commence we will:

  1. Verify that India can meet our specified import conditions.
  2. Publish import conditions on the Biosecurity Import Conditions system (BICON).
  3. Issue import permits to importers who meet the import conditions.

The decision to commence imports will be a commercial decision between an exporter in India and an importer in Australia. The importer must meet the import conditions as set out in BICON.

Keep informed

Register as a stakeholder

Subscribe to the plant stakeholder register to receive notices about plant biosecurity policies.

Contact us

For more information, email imports or phone 1800 900 090 (option 1, option 1).

Last reviewed: 26 June 2020
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