First points of entry and non-first points of entry for aircraft
Information for aircraft operators
All international aircraft arriving in Australian territory must land at a landing place that has been determined a first point of entry (FPOE) under section 223 of the Biosecurity Act 2015, unless permission has been granted by the department to land at a non-first point of entry (under subsection 239(2) of the Act).
This ensures that aircraft enter Australia at a location that has appropriate facilities and personnel to manage the biosecurity risks to an acceptable level.
Every international aircraft is legally required to provide a pre-arrival report (s193 of the Act). For further information about meeting these requirements, refer to the Guidelines for Airlines and Aircraft Operators arriving in Australia.
FPOE for aircraft
Australia and its territories have a number of first point of entry (FPOE) landing places. The map below provides some details of all of the department’s FPOE airports and landing places for aircraft.
Aircraft operators must contact the department if planning to land or unload goods at certain FPOE airports to ensure that biosecurity services can be appropriately provided.
Please be aware that there have been changes to the determination of landing places that may impact what classes of aircraft and goods are permitted to arrive at an FPOE. It is the obligation of the person in charge or operator of the aircraft to comply with FPOE determinations. Please see the determination for each landing place for current permissions.Links to determinations are provided in the map below and in a text-only version of the Australian territory airports.
- Additional permission may also be required to land at some locations from the Australian Government’s National Passenger Processing Committee (NPPC).
- Airports that do not appear in either the map or the text only version are considered a Non First Point of Entry (NFPOE). Aircraft operators must request permission from the department to land aircraft and/or unload goods at a NFPOE at least 10 business days prior to their intended landing in Australian territory.
Map of the department's FPOE airports and landing places for aircraft
General entry requirements
Aircraft may only land at an FPOE after meeting mandatory biosecurity requirements for permission to land as well as information on regulatory obligations: pre-arrival reporting requirements, pratique, aircraft disinsection and mandatory in-flight announcements.
For further information about meeting these requirements please refer to the Guidelines for Airlines and Aircraft Operators arriving in Australia.
Applications to land and unload goods must be submitted via email at least 10 business days prior to each flight arrival in Australian territory along with mandatory pre-arrival reporting.
International aircraft must comply with the permissions and conditions contained on the FPOE determination. Each determination lists:
- permissions for particular classes of aircraft or goods that may be landed at the landing place
- Biosecurity Entry Points (BEPs ) within the landing place
- any conditions associated with the landing place as an FPOE.
Determinations for existing FPOE landing places are available on the Federal Register of Legislation.
The person in charge or operator of the aircraft must also ensure that goods onboard are only unloaded at landing places that are determined as FPOE for those goods, unless permission has been granted under section 146 of the Act.
Further information about landing goods at a non-first point of entry for those goods is available in Section 5.5 of the Guidelines for Airlines and Aircraft Operators arriving in Australia.
Biosecurity Entry Points (BEPs)
BEPs are designated areas within the landing place where specific classes of aircraft or goods must be landed in order to appropriately manage their biosecurity risks. These goods require additional infrastructure and procedures to manage the risks associated with their arrival.
If a BEP has been designated on a first point of entry determination, all specified aircraft or goods must arrive at, or be brought directly to the BEP on arrival into the landing place.
Non-First Points of Entry
Landing places that do not have a determination under section 223 of the Biosecurity Act are classed as non-first points of entry. These landing places have not been assessed against the FPOE Biosecurity Standards and may not have appropriate infrastructure or processes in place to manage biosecurity risks.
Permission to land at a non-first point of entry
Operators of aircraft intending to land at a non-first point of entry must first apply to the department for permission under subsection 239(2) of the Biosecurity Act. The application should be submitted through the National Passenger Processing Committee (NPPC) at least 10 working days prior to the flight. Further details can be accessed either on the NPPC website or in Section 5.4 of the Guidelines for Airlines and Airport Operators arriving into Australia.
Permission to land imported goods
Certain classes of goods may only be landed at certain points.
Under the Biosecurity Act 2015, if the intended landing place is either:
- a non-first point of entry
- an FPOE but not determined to unload that particular class of animal, plant or goods
then the person in charge or operator of the aircraft must apply for permission for the goods to be unloaded under subsection 146 (2) of the Act.
Aircraft wishing to discharge goods under subsection 146 (2) of the Act must submit an application at least 10 working days prior to the flight. Further details and application forms can be accessed in Section 5.4 of the Guidelines for Airlines and Airport Operators arriving into Australia or visit the aircraft application web page for further information on landing either aircraft or goods at a non-first point of entry.
Information for airport or landing place operators
When the Biosecurity Act commenced in June 2016, existing landing places were issued temporary determinations allowing them to continue to operate as FPOEs. These determinations expired in June 2019.
Ongoing determinations were made for landing places where all operators demonstrated full compliance with FPOE regulatory requirements.
Extensions to temporary determinations were granted to certain landing places unable to meet regulatory requirements within the required timeframe.
The department is engaging with relevant operators at these landing places and ongoing determinations are being made for landing places that achieve compliance with the regulatory requirements.
The determination for Lord Howe Island Airport lapsed on 16 June 2020. This landing place is no longer recognised as an FPOE.
How to be determined an FPOE
FPOE Determinations are made for a geographical area or place. Because many entities operate within an airport location, managing biosecurity risk is a shared responsibility. Before a landing place can be determined as an FPOE, the department must first assess its general eligibility based on the biosecurity risks posed by the airport’s operations.
Once the department has determined that the risks can be acceptably managed, all operators facilitating international arrivals at the landing place must be assessed to ensure they comply with regulatory standards.
Landing places wishing to gain determination as an FPOE should email the department at Biosecurity First Points.
FPOE Biosecurity Standards
Before a landing place can be determined as an FPOE, it must also meet the requirements in section 56 of the Biosecurity Regulation 2016. The FPOE Biosecurity Standards describe what operators within FPOEs need to do to meet these regulatory requirements.
All entities operating at an FPOE are responsible for meeting the standards relevant to their part of the airport’s operations. These entities include airport authorities, third-party and fixed base operators leasing space, baggage handling and logistics agents, airlines and other logistical agents.
The standards ensure all operators facilitating international arrivals at the airport have the procedures and infrastructure in place to:
- manage the biosecurity risks associated with arriving aircraft, travellers and cargo
- respond to and report biosecurity or human biosecurity incidents
- manage biosecurity waste appropriately
- support biosecurity officers to safely and effectively assess, inspect and treat goods under biosecurity control
- manage the environment around the landing place to reduce its receptivity to pests and diseases of biosecurity concern.
|First point of entry biosecurity standards (landing places) PDF||27||516 KB|
|First point of entry biosecurity standards (landing places) DOCX||27||668 KB|
If you have difficulty accessing these files, please visit web accessibility.
Biosecurity awareness package for FPOE staff
Under Biosecurity Regulation 56(4)(a)&(b), all staff who are involved with facilitating international arrivals must be aware of the biosecurity risks posed by their operations and know how to report them.
We have developed a biosecurity awareness package to help FPOE operators meet these obligations. The package provides information about common and emerging biosecurity risks that you may see in an airport environment. It also describes how you can work with us to minimise the risk of exotic pests and diseases entering Australia.
All staff working with international arrivals at first points of entry must complete the awareness package to achieve compliance with regulatory requirements.
Changes and variations to FPOEs
Airport authorities and first point operators are legally required to inform the department of material changes to their operations, facilities or processes. Examples include:
- a change to the availability or condition of relevant facilities or infrastructure at the airport
- the addition of new operators within the airport environment
- a significant increase in arrivals
- a change to operations (such as commencing import of goods or aircraft with specified standards).
Notifications can be made to the department at Biosecurity First Points.