Baker, G. L. 1984. Field guide to nymphs of grasshoppers and locusts in New South Wales. Advisory Bulletin 2, Department of Agriculture New South Wales.
CSIRO (ed.) 1991. Insects of Australia. A textbook for students and research workers, Second Edition, Volume 1. Melbourne University Press, Carlton.
Haydon, J 2007. Locust Plague. Thomson Nelson (Thomson Learning Australia), South melbourne, Victoria
Loudon, B. 1981. Field guide to some common grasshoppers in New South Wales. AGbulletin 12, Department of Agriculture New South Wales.
Rentz, D. C. F. 1996. Grasshopper Country: the abundant orthopteroid insects of Australia. University of New South Wales Press, Sydney.
Rentz, D.C.F., Lewis, R.C., Su, Y.N., & Upton, M.S. (2003) A Guide to Australian Grasshoppers and Locusts. Natural History Publications (Borneo). Kota Kinabalu.
Additional information on the biology of the main pest species in Australia is available under: