Improving agricultural export legislation
Agriculture, fisheries and forestry exports are an economic powerhouse for Australia. Strengthening the competitiveness and productivity of Australia's agriculture sector is a key commitment of the Morrison McCormack Government.
Improved legislative framework
The Australian Government is improving Australia’s agricultural export legislation. This is one of the initiatives being implemented to modernise the systems which support the export of Australian agricultural goods.
Australia’s agricultural export legislation underpins our reputation as a supplier of safe and reliable food and other products. It also assures our trading partners that Australian exports meet their requirements.
The new export legislation will commence on 28 March 2021 and consists of the:
- Export Control Act 2020 (the Act) as the central pillar of the new legislative framework
- Export Control Rules 2020 (the Rules) which are legislative instruments setting out the operational requirements for exporting specific goods from Australia.
The new legislation will consolidate and streamline existing export-related requirements. It will continue to ensure:
- exported goods meet importing country requirements
- compliance with government and relevant industry standards
- traceability through the exports supply chain where required
- the integrity of goods and the accuracy of applied trade descriptions and official marks.
The benefits of the new legislation include:
- It will be more relevant, responsive and efficient for exporters, farmers and other primary producers.
- It will continue to provide strong regulation, while removing duplication and ensuring consistency across commodities where possible.
Export Control Rules 2020
The Rules outline the operational requirements agricultural exporters must meet to export specific commodities from Australia. They are based on the current orders and regulations for various commodities under the Export Control Act 1982 and Australian Meat and Live-stock Industry Act 1997. Once finalised, the Rules will replace the current legislation.
The Rules will be legislative instruments under the Export Control Act 2020. They will be made by the Secretary of the Department of Agriculture, Water and the Environment, and they will be subject to parliamentary checks and balances, in line with the current Orders.
Exposure Draft Export Control Rules 2020 – Commodity Rules
The department is consulting international trading partners and domestic stakeholders on the Exposure Draft Export Control Rules 2020 (the draft Rules). Consultation on the 12 draft Rules will occur in 3 tranches.
These consultations meet Australia’s obligations under the World Trade Organization (WTO) Agreement on the Application of Sanitary and Phytosanitary Measures. This will provide trading partners with an opportunity to comment on the draft Rules, and give domestic stakeholders another opportunity to provide feedback.
Consultation on the draft Rules is critical to ensuring that Australia’s agricultural export legislation is clear and fit for purpose – supporting growth and innovation, while maintaining the standards trading partners expect.
You can provide feedback on the draft Rules that are open for consultation via links to the department’s Have Your Say pages.
Tranche 1 – Consultations on 7 draft Rules closed on 5 November 2020. You can find out more about these draft Rules and the outcomes of consultations via links to the department’s Have Your Say pages:
- Exposure Draft Export Control (Eggs and Egg Products) Rules 2020
- Exposure Draft Export Control (Fish and Fish Products) Rules 2020
- Exposure Draft Export Control (Meat and Meat Products) Rules 2020
- Exposure Draft Export Control (Milk and Milk Products) Rules 2020
- Exposure Draft Export Control (Organic Goods) Rules 2020
- Exposure Draft Export Control (Plants and Plant Products) Rules 2020
- Exposure Draft Export Control (Poultry Meat and Poultry Meat Products) Rules 2020
Tranche 2 – Consultations on 3 draft Rules in tranche 2 (animals, rabbit and ratite and wild game) are open until 8 January 2021. You can provide feedback on these draft Rules via links to the department’s HYS pages:
- Exposure Draft Export Control (Animals) Rules 2020
- Exposure Draft Export Control (Rabbit and Ratite Meat and Rabbit and Ratite Meat Products) Rules 2020
- Exposure Draft Export Control (Wild Game Meat and Wild Game Meat Products) Rules 2020.
Tranche 3 – Consultations on the draft Rules in tranche 3 (wood and miscellaneous) are open until 24 January 2021. You can provide feedback on these draft Rules via links to the department’s HYS pages:
- Exposure Draft Export Control (Wood and Woodchips) Rules 2020
- Exposure Draft Export Control (Miscellaneous) Rules 2020.
Proposed export cost recovery framework
The department is also consulting domestic stakeholders on the draft legislation for the proposed export cost recovery framework which consists of 3 legislative instruments:
- Exposure Draft Export Charges (Imposition—General) Regulations 2020
- Exposure Draft Export Charges (Imposition—Customs) Regulations 2020
- Exposure Draft Export Control (Fees and Payments) Rules 2020.
The proposed export cost recovery framework:
- includes updates to align it with Australia’s new agricultural export legislation which commences on 28 March 2021.
- allows the Commonwealth to impose charges and appropriately recover costs for providing export certification services.
- does not introduce any new charges or increase existing charges for export certification services.
You can provide feedback on the proposed export cost recovery framework via the department’s Have Your Say page.
Submissions are open until 17 January 2021.
Details of our previous consultations with stakeholders, critical to shaping Australia’s new agricultural export legislation are available via these links:
- Agricultural Export Regulation Review 2015
- Draft Export Control Bill 2017
- Draft Export Control Bills Package 2019
- Exposure Draft Export Control Amendment (Miscellaneous Measures) Bill 2020
- Draft Animals Rules
- Draft Egg Rules
- Draft Fish Rules
- Draft Meat Rules
- Draft Milk Rules
- Draft Organics Rules
- Draft Plant Rules
- Draft Poultry Rules
- Draft Wood Rules
Overview of the new legislative framework
Agricultural exports are currently regulated by over 20 Acts and 40 pieces of delegated legislation. The Act consolidates and streamlines existing export-related requirements. The new legislative framework will include:
- the Export Control Act 2020
- the Export Control Rules 2020
The improved legislative framework will replace the Export Control Act 1982, export-related provisions in the Australian Meat and Live-stock Industry Act 1997 and legislative instruments, such as orders and regulations.
As some of these legislative instruments were due to ‘sunset’ (cease to be law) on 1 April 2020, the Attorney-General approved a deferral of the sunsetting of 19 legislative instruments under the Export Control Act 1982 and the Australian Meat and Live-stock Industry Act 1997 until 1 April 2021.
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