General Grasshopper/Locust Anatomy
The main body parts of a typical adult grasshopper/locust are named below. The shape and markings of the thorax and the colours and patterns of the femur and tibia of the hind leg are often used as diagnostic characters in this guide.
The presence or absence of a throat peg is also often used to differentiate between species:
Main parts of a grasshopper/locust nymph showing the anatomical features used in this guide (redrawn from Baker 1984 by permission from NSW Department of Primary Industries):