Urgent actions to protect against khapra beetle (Trogoderma granarium)

We are regularly updating this webpage to answer your queries. We will provide further updates on the implementation of each phase as we work through the complexities of the urgent actions.

In response to the recent and increasing hitchhiker risk of khapra beetle in shipping containers, we have determined that changes to the management of containers is now an immediate priority for addressing khapra beetle risk. Accordingly, we plan to implement new measures for containers (Phase 6) ahead of proposed changes for plant products and seeds for sowing (Phases 3-5).

The department is implementing urgent actions to address the risk of khapra beetle (Trogoderma granarium) on a range of plant products that are hosts of this pest. These urgent actions are being implemented in phases.

Khapra beetle and its risk to Australia

Image of khapra beetle compared to a 5 cent piece

Khapra beetle is Australia’s number two National Priority Plant Pest and the number one plant priority pest for grains. It is not present in Australia, but it is a highly invasive pest that poses a major threat to Australia’s grains industry. Khapra beetle destroys grain quality making it unfit for human or animal consumption.

The global spread of khapra beetle is increasing and it is being detected on a wide range of plant products and as a hitchhiker pest in shipping containers. If khapra beetle enters Australia it would have significant economic consequences. An outbreak could cost Australia $15.5 billion over 20 years through revenue losses arising from damaged grain in storage and exports.

More information on khapra beetle, including how to identify it, can be found in the khapra beetle pest bulletin. Also, a khapra beetle poster is available below for your use.

Download

Document Pages File size
Khapra beetle poster PDF PDF Icon 1 546 KB
Khapra beetle poster DOCX Word Icon 2 2.1 MB

If you have difficulty accessing these files, visit web accessibility for assistance.

Urgent actions

The urgent actions are being implemented in a number of phases as outlined in the summary table below.

Urgent Action Phase Implementation date
Phase 1: Ban on high-risk plant products within UPEs and low value freight Commenced 3 September 2020
Phase 2: Ban on high-risk plant products within accompanied baggage or via international travellers or mail articles. Commenced 15 October 2020
Phase 3: Revised phytosanitary certification and new offshore treatment requirements for high-risk plant products via all commercial pathways

Expected to commence in mid-late 2021

Phase 4: Revised phytosanitary certification and new offshore treatment requirements for other risk plant products Expected to commence in mid-late 2021
Phase 5: Phytosanitary certification requirements for all seeds for sowing Expected to commence in mid-late 2021
Phase 6: Revised measures for shipping containers Expected to commence in early 2021

[expand all]

Phase 1: Ban on high-risk plant products within UPEs and low value freight

Phase 1 of the urgent actions commenced on 3 September 2020. As of this date, high-risk plant products from all countries are not permitted entry into Australia within:

This ban does not apply to goods imported as commercial trade samples or for research purposes.

Goods arriving for commercial use or for research purposes within low value freight must be for commercial use by an Australian company or business or for research purposes only. They will be required to be:

  • accompanied by a Supplier’s declaration, Manufacturer’s declaration, Commercial invoice or Importer declaration with evidence that the goods have been imported by an Australian company or business or
  • a statement that the consignment is intended for research purposes.

Failure to comply with these requirements will result in export or destruction of the goods upon arrival in Australia.

An overview of phase 1 is available in the below infographic. Help us keep khapra beetle out of Australia by sharing it with your friends, family and colleagues.

Document Pages File size
Unaccompanied Personal Effects and Low Value Freight Infographic PDF  1 909 KB
Unaccompanied Personal Effects and Low Value Freight Infographic DOCX  3 1.6 MB

If you have difficulty accessing these files, please visit web accessibility.

Phase 2: Ban on high-risk plant products within accompanied baggage or via international travellers or mail articles

Phase 2 commenced on 15 October 2020. In this phase, the ban on high-risk plant products was extended to international travellers and mail articles.

This means that high-risk plant products from all countries are not permitted entry into Australia within:
  • Baggage carried by international travellers (including crew) entering via sea or air or
  • mail articles (including items posted using Express Mail Service).

Failure to comply with these requirements will result in the destruction of the goods upon arrival in Australia.

An overview of phase 2 is available in the below infographics. Help us keep khapra beetle out of Australia by sharing them with your friends, family and colleagues.

Document Pages File size
Mail and Traveller Infographic PDF PDF Icon 1 789 KB
Mail and Traveller Infographic DOCX Word Icon 3 3.7 MB
Mail Infographic PDF PDF Icon 1 553 KB
Mail Infographic DOCX Word Icon 2 1.3 MB
Traveller Infographic PDF Word Icon 1 1.1 MB
Traveller Infographic DOCX Word Icon 2 1.4 MB

If you have difficulty accessing these files, visit web accessibility for assistance.

Phase 3: Revised phytosanitary certification and new offshore treatment requirements for high-risk plant products via all commercial pathways

Phase 3 is expected to commence in mid-late 2021 and will introduce requirements for high-risk plant products imported via commercial pathways, excluding seeds for sowing; and goods for research purposes coming as low value freight. We will consider transitional arrangements to accommodate consignments in transit closer to the implementation.

These requirements will differ depending on the country of origin or export. We are engaging with trading partners to ensure they are aware of their requirements under these changes.

Target-risk country of origin or export

High-risk plant products from target-risk countries sent via all modes of arrival (except those banned in Phases 1 and 2) will be required to be:

  • inspected and certified by government officials of the exporting country on a phytosanitary certificate that includes Additional Declaration A.

Other risk country of origin or export

High-risk plant products from all other countries sent via all modes of arrival (except those banned in Phases 1 and 2) will be required to meet one of the following options:  

  • Option 1 - Inspected and certified by government officials of the exporting country on a phytosanitary certificate that includes Additional Declaration B.

    OR
  • Inspected and certified by government officials of the exporting country on a phytosanitary certificate that includes Additional Declaration A.

Research Material arriving as low value freight

High risk plant products arriving for research purposes within low value freight (value less than $1,000) must be for research purposes only. They will be required to be:

  • accompanied by a Supplier’s declaration, Manufacturer’s declaration, Commercial invoice or Importer declaration with evidence that the goods have been imported by an Australian company or business or
  • a statement that the consignment is intended for research purposes.
     

Phase 4: Revised phytosanitary certification and new offshore treatment requirements for other risk plant products

Phase 4 is expected to commence in mid-late 2021 and will introduce requirements for other risk plant products (excludes seed for sowing; and goods imported for research purposes as low value freight). We will consider transitional arrangements to accommodate consignments in transit closer to the implementation.

These requirements will differ depending on the country of origin or export. We are engaging with trading partners to ensure they are aware of their requirements under these changes.

Target-risk country of origin or export

Other risk plant products from target-risk countries sent via all modes of arrival will be required to meet one of the following options: 

  • Option 1 - Inspected and certified by government officials of the exporting country on a phytosanitary certificate that includes Additional Declaration B.

    OR
  • Inspected and certified by government officials of the exporting country on a phytosanitary certificate that includes Additional Declaration A.

Other risk country of origin or export

Other risk plant products from all other countries sent via all modes of arrival will be required to be inspected and certified by government officials of the exporting country on a phytosanitary certificate. The certification must include Additional Declaration B.

Research Material arriving as low value freight

Other risk plant products arriving for research purposes within low value freight (value less than $1,000) must be for research purposes only. They will be required to be:

  • accompanied by a Supplier’s declaration, Manufacturer’s declaration, Commercial invoice or Importer declaration with evidence that the goods have been imported by an Australian company or business or
  • a statement that the consignment is intended for research purposes.
     

Phase 5: Phytosanitary certification requirements for all seeds for sowing

Phase 5 is expected to commence in mid-late 2021. We will consider transitional arrangements to accommodate consignments in transit closer to the implementation.

It will require all imported seeds for sowing (excluding seeds imported for research purposes as low value freight; and those banned in phases 1 and 2) from all countries via commercial pathways to be accompanied by a phytosanitary certificate that includes Additional Declaration B.

We are engaging with trading partners to ensure they are aware of their requirements under these changes.

Research Material arriving as low value freight

Seeds for sowing arriving for research purposes within low value freight (value less than $1,000) must be for research purposes only. They will be required to be:

  • accompanied by a Supplier’s declaration, Manufacturer’s declaration, Commercial invoice or Importer declaration with evidence that the goods have been imported by an Australian company or business or
  • a statement that the consignment is intended for research purposes.

Phase 6: Revised measures for shipping containers

We are currently working through what the revised measures for shipping containers will involve. A range of measures are being considered, including possible treatment options. 

We will consult with impacted stakeholders on the proposed measures for containers prior to implementation.

Treatment options and rates

In cases where treatment is required (refer to urgent actions), one of the below approved treatment options must be used.

Methyl Bromide Fumigation

The goods must be fumigated with a dose of 80 g/m³ or above, at 21°C or above for a minimum of 48 hours. The fumigation must be conducted in accordance with the Methyl Bromide Fumigation Methodology, including end-point retention and dose compensation requirements.

Heat Treatment

The goods must be heat treated at 60°C or higher (measured at the core of the goods) for a minimum of 120 minutes. The treatment must be conducted in accordance with the Heat Treatment Methodology.

Phytosanitary declarations

In cases where phytosanitary certification is required (refer to urgent actions), the phytosanitary certificate will need to include one of the below additional declarations.

Additional declaration A

The goods were treated with one of the following:

  • Methyl bromide fumigation (dose of 80 g/m3 or above, at 21°C or above for a minimum of 48 hours) in accordance with Department’s methyl bromide fumigation methodology OR
  • Heat treatment (for a minimum of 120 minutes at 60°C or higher, measured at the core of the goods) in accordance with the Department’s heat treatment methodology

    AND

    Following treatment, representative samples from the consignment for export to Australia have been drawn and visually inspected in accordance with official procedures and determined to be free from all live species of Trogoderma

Additional declaration B

Representative samples from the consignment for export to Australia have been drawn and visually inspected in accordance with official procedures and determined to be free from all evidence of species of Trogoderma (live, dead or exuviae) 

High-risk plant products

The urgent actions for Phases 1-3 apply to the following plant products (in various raw and processed forms), which have been identified as high-risk.

High-risk plant products

  • Rice (Oryza sativa)
  • Chickpeas (Cicer arietinum)
  • Cucurbit seed (Cucurbita, Cucumis, Citrullus spp.)
  • Cumin seed (Cuminum cyminum)
  • Safflower seed (Carthamus tinctorius)
  • Bean seed (Phaseolus spp.)
  • Soybean (Glycine max)
  • Mung beans, cowpeas (Vigna spp.)
  • Lentils (Lens culinaris)
  • Wheat (Triticum aestivum)
  • Coriander seed (Coriandrum sativum)
  • Celery seed (Apium graveolens)
  • Peanuts (Arachis hypogaea)
  • Dried chillies/capsicum (Capsicum spp.)
  • Faba bean (Vicia faba)
  • Pigeon Pea (Cajanus cajan)
  • Pea seed (Pisum sativum)
  • Fennel seed (Foeniculum spp).

The following exclusions apply: 

  • goods that are thermally processed that are commercially manufactured and packaged such as retorted, blanched, roasted, fried, par-boiled, boiled, puffed, malted or pasteurised goods 
  • goods that are chemically processed and preserved such as with a Formalin Propionic Acid fixative, Formalin Acetic acid alcohol, Carnoy’s fixative or ethanol. 
  • fresh vegetables 
  • commercially manufactured frozen or freeze-dried food (perishable foodstuffs only) 
  • frozen plant samples for plant research (including through the use of liquid nitrogen and freeze drying) 
  • oils derived from vegetables or seed
  • Preserved or pickled (such as in vinegar or alcohol)
  • goods that have been refined or extracted to obtain specific components from plant-based raw materials. Examples include starch, lecithin, protein, cellulose, sugars and pigments.

Other risk plant products

The urgent actions for Phase 4 apply to the following products (in various raw and physically-processed forms), which have been identified as other risk plant products.

Other risk plant products

  • Seeds (all species, excluding those listed as high-risk plant products) 
  • Spices (all species, excluding those listed in high-risk plant products) 
  • Plant gums and resins (except those chemically extracted or highly processed) 
  • Meals and flours of plant origin (all species, excluding those listed in high-risk plant products) 
  • Dried fruits 
  • Nuts (all species, excluding those listed in high-risk plant products) 
  • Dried vegetables  
  • Unprocessed plant products (excluding fresh fruits, vegetables, nursery stock, herbarium specimens, fresh cut flowers) 

The following exclusions apply:

  •  goods that are thermally processed that are commercially manufactured and packaged such as retorted, blanched, roasted, fried, par-boiled, boiled, puffed, malted or pasteurised goods 
  • goods that are chemically processed and preserved such as with a Formalin Propionic Acid fixative, Formalin Acetic acid alcohol, Carnoy’s fixative or ethanol. 
  • fresh vegetables 
  • commercially manufactured frozen or freeze-dried food (perishable foodstuffs only) 
  • frozen plant samples for plant research (including through the use of liquid nitrogen and freeze drying) 
  • oils derived from vegetables or seed
  • Preserved or pickled (such as in vinegar or alcohol)
  • goods that have been refined or extracted to obtain specific components from plant-based raw materials. Examples include starch, lecithin, protein, cellulose, sugars and pigments.

Further information

If you:

  • want to import plant products into Australia, it is important that you check BICON
  • want to receive updates on the implementation of the urgent actions register to receive BICON alerts and IANs
  • have any further questions you can contact us on 1800 900 090 or via email imports@agriculture.gov.au (please title the subject line of the email with ‘Plant Tier 2 – Khapra  urgent actions’).
Last reviewed: 20 November 2020
Thanks for your feedback.
Thanks! Your feedback has been submitted.

We aren't able to respond to your individual comments or questions.
To contact us directly phone us or submit an online inquiry

Please verify that you are not a robot.

Skip